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HMS Monmouth (1901)
HMS Monmouth
HMS Monmouth
Career Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom
Name: HMS Monmouth
Builder: London & Glasgow Shipbuilding Company
Launched: 13 November 1901
Fate: Sunk 1 November 1914 at the Battle of Coronel
General characteristics
Displacement: 9,950 tons full load[1]
Length: 448 ft (137 m)
Beam: 66 ft (20 m)
Draught: 25 ft (7.6 m)
Propulsion: 4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines
two shafts
31 Belleville boilers
22,000 ihp
Speed: approx 23 knots
Endurance: 800 - 1,600 tons coal, 400 tons oil
Complement: 678
Armament:

14 x BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk VII guns

9 x 12 pounder guns
Armour: 4 in (102 mm) belt
5 in (127 mm) barbette, turrets, bulkheads, 2 inch (50 mm) deck maximum

The sixth HMS Monmouth of the Royal Navy was the lead ship of a class of armoured cruisers of 9,800 tons displacement. She was sunk at the Battle of Coronel in 1914.

Construction detailsEdit

Built in 1901, with her heaviest guns being fourteen 6 inch quick-firers, she had a weak armament for an armoured cruiser. In addition, most of the casemate 6 inch guns were situated so close to the waterline that they were unusable in all but the calmest weather. Her armour was also much too thin for an armoured cruiser and could be easily penetrated by artillery shells. These problems would prove disastrous for her thirteen years later at Coronel.

Service detailsEdit

HMS Monmouth was laid down by the London and Glasgow Shipbuilding Company in 1899/1900, and launched 13 November 1901.[2]

She served on the China Station between 1906 and 1913, before being put in the Reserve Fleet in January 1914.

On the outbreak of the First World War she was reactivated and sent to the 4th Cruiser Squadron (the West Indies Squadron) of Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock. She participated in the Battle of Coronel off the coast of Chile on 1 November 1914. Outmatched and with an inexperienced crew, she was quickly overwhelmed, being unable to use many of her guns due to the stormy weather. Early in the battle, a 21 cm (8.2 inch) shell from SMS Gneisenau penetrated the armour of the forward 6 inch gun turret, destroying it and causing a massive fire on the forecastle. More serious hits followed, and she soon could no longer hold her place in the line of battle. When it was clear that Monmouth was out of action, Gneisenau shifted fire to HMS Good Hope. A short while later, drifting and on fire, Monmouth was attacked by the newly arrived light cruiser SMS Nürnberg under the command of Kapitän zur See Karl von Schönberg, which fired seventy-five 10.5 cm (4.1 inch) shells at close range. Monmouth and Good Hope both sank with a combined loss of 1,570 lives. There were no survivors from either ship.

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. "HMS Monmouth". The Coronel Memorial. 2011. http://www.coronel.org.uk/monmouth.php. 
  2. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 14 November 1901. 
Sources


Coordinates: 36°53′53″S 73°50′45″W / 36.89806°S 73.84583°W / -36.89806; -73.84583

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