|HMS Penelope (F127)|
Penelope alongside in Devonport during the transfer from the Royal Navy to Ecuador in 1991
|Builder:||Vickers-Armstrongs (Shipbuilders) Ltd, Newcastle|
|Laid down:||14 March 1961|
|Launched:||17 August 1962|
|Commissioned:||31 October 1963|
|Identification:||Pennant number: F127|
|Fate:||Sold to Ecuador, 1991|
|Name:||Presidente Eloy Alfaro|
|Decommissioned:||19 March 2008|
|Identification:||Hull number: FM 01|
|Class & type:||Leander-class frigate|
HMS Penelope was a Leander-class frigate of the Royal Navy. Like other ships of the class, Penelope was named after a figure of mythology. She was launched on 17 August 1962 and commissioned on 31 October 1963. Penelope had originally been intended to be part of the Salisbury class and was to have been named Coventry (and before that Panther), but instead became part of the Leander class.
Service history[edit | edit source]
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Upon commissioning, Penelope joined the 20th Frigate Squadron which was based in the United Kingdom. In 1966 Penelope underwent a refit that re-roled her into a trials ship and led to the removal of much of her weaponry including her twin 4.5-in gun turret.
In 1968, Penelope assisted in the aftermath of the Aer Lingus Flight 712 crash in the Irish Sea. There has been a number of conspiracy theories about the crash, including the alleged involvement of Penelope. The theory goes that Penelope, while performing tests, mistook the aircraft for a target drone and shot her down. All conspiracy theories have been refuted by the Ministry of Defence.
The following year, Penelope was present in West Germany during the Kiel Week festival which combined a yachting race and festival events. Penelope took part in a variety of tests in the 1970s, including Sea Wolf missile tests in 1977. In 1981, she was fitted with the Exocet missile with the intention of testing it.
In 1982, Penelope took part in the Falklands War as part of "Bristol group", which included two other Leander-class ships - Minerva and Andromeda - and did not reach the Falkland Islands area of operations until 26 May. Upon arrival, Penelope mainly performed escort duties, including escorting the damaged Argonaut in late May, who had suffered damage after being hit by cannon fire and bombs.
Soon after, Penelope undertook a Falklands patrol in the tense aftermath of the war, and did not return home until June 1983. The following year, she deployed to the South Atlantic yet again, patrolling and performing other duties in that region. In 1988 Penelope suffered a machinery breakdown and collided with the starboard side of the Canadian Naval supply ship HMCS Preserver (AOR 510) during a replenishment. Penelope caught the Preserver's starboard anchor, cutting her port side open. The Canadian vessel suffered $260,000 damage, while Penelope suffered damage estimated in the millions.
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Penelope was decommissioned and subsequently sold, along with Danae, to Ecuador. She was renamed Presidente Eloy Alfaro after President Eloy Alfaro, a prominent Ecuadorian martyred reformer of the early 20th century.
Presidente Eloy Alfaro was decommissioned on 19 March 2008, after 17 years in the Ecuadorian Navy.
References[edit | edit source]
- "British Missile or Drone?". www.geocities.com. Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/rainforest/andes/9522/british.htm&date=2009-10-26+01:23:22. Retrieved 7 October 2009.
Publications[edit | edit source]
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Marriot, Leo, 1983. Royal Navy Frigates 1945-1983, Ian Allen Ltd. ISBN 07110 1322 5
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