|HMS Rose (1783)|
|Career (Great Britain)|
|Ordered:||15 March 1782|
Joshua Stewart and Mr Hall|
|Laid down:||June 1782|
|Launched:||1 July 1783|
|Completed:||23 October 1783|
|Fate:||Wrecked off Jamaica, 28 June 1794|
|Class & type:||Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate|
|Tons burthen:||598 55⁄94 (bm)|
120 ft 5 1⁄2 in (36.716 m) (gundeck) |
99 ft 5 in (30.30 m) (keel)
|Beam:||33 ft 7 3⁄4 in (10.255 m)|
|Depth of hold:||11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
|Complement:||200 officers and men|
Gundeck: 24 × 9-pounder guns|
QD: 4 × 6-pounder guns + 4 x 18-pounder carronades
Fc: 2 x 18-pounder carronades
Fate[edit | edit source]
Rose, under the command of Captain Matthew Scott, left Port Royal, Jamaica on 26 June. The next day she encountered a merchant vessel that passed on the news that Admiral Sir John Jervis and his fleet were off Basse Terre, which news led Scott to attempt to meet up with them. The night of 28 June was dark, and rain squalls hid the sound of breakers, with the result that at 9pm Rose hit a reef off Rocky Point, Jamaica. The crew threw guns overboard and cut away her anchors, top masts and mizen-mast, all in a futile attempt to lighten her and get her off the rocks. In the morning, as she filled with water, her crew abandoned ship in her boats and on rafts they fashioned out of booms and spars.
Citations[edit | edit source]
- Hepper (1994), p.76.
References[edit | edit source]
- Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3.
- Robert Gardiner, The First Frigates, Conway Maritime Press, London 1992. ISBN 0-85177-601-9.
- David Lyon, The Sailing Navy List, Conway Maritime Press, London 1993. ISBN 0-85177-617-5.
- Rif Winfield, British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714 to 1792, Seaforth Publishing, London 2007. ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6.
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