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HMS Rose (1783)
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign (1707-1801)
Name: HMS Rose
Ordered: 15 March 1782
Builder: Joshua Stewart and Mr Hall
Sandgate, Kent
Laid down: June 1782
Launched: 1 July 1783
Completed: 23 October 1783
Commissioned: August 1783
Fate: Wrecked off Jamaica, 28 June 1794
General characteristics
Class & type: Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate
Tons burthen: 598 5594 (bm)
Length: 120 ft 5 12 in (36.716 m) (gundeck)
99 ft 5 in (30.30 m) (keel)
Beam: 33 ft 7 34 in (10.255 m)
Depth of hold: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 200 officers and men
Armament: Gundeck: 24 × 9-pounder guns
QD: 4 × 6-pounder guns + 4 x 18-pounder carronades
Fc: 2 x 18-pounder carronades

HMS Rose was a 28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy. The Rose was first commissioned in August 1783 under the command of Captain James Hawkins.

Fate[edit | edit source]

Rose, under the command of Captain Matthew Scott, left Port Royal, Jamaica on 26 June.[1] The next day she encountered a merchant vessel that passed on the news that Admiral Sir John Jervis and his fleet were off Basse Terre, which news led Scott to attempt to meet up with them. The night of 28 June was dark, and rain squalls hid the sound of breakers, with the result that at 9pm Rose hit a reef off Rocky Point, Jamaica. The crew threw guns overboard and cut away her anchors, top masts and mizen-mast, all in a futile attempt to lighten her and get her off the rocks. In the morning, as she filled with water, her crew abandoned ship in her boats and on rafts they fashioned out of booms and spars.[1]

Citations[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hepper (1994), p.76.

References[edit | edit source]

  • Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3. 
  • Robert Gardiner, The First Frigates, Conway Maritime Press, London 1992. ISBN 0-85177-601-9.
  • David Lyon, The Sailing Navy List, Conway Maritime Press, London 1993. ISBN 0-85177-617-5.
  • Rif Winfield, British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714 to 1792, Seaforth Publishing, London 2007. ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6.

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