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Hr. Ms. K X III.jpg
Name: K XIII
Builder: Fijenoord, Rotterdam
Laid down: 15 October 1923
Launched: 23 December 1924
Commissioned: 29 March 1926
Fate: Scuttled on 2 March 1942
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: K XI-class submarine
Displacement: 688 tons surfaced
828 tons submerged
Length: 66.7 m (218 ft 10 in)
Beam: 6.15 m (20 ft 2 in)
Draught: 3.78 m (12 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × 1,200 bhp (895 kW) diesel engines
2 × 327 bhp (244 kW) electric motors
Speed: 17 kn (31 km/h; 20 mph) surfaced
8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) submerged
Range: 3,500 nmi (6,500 km; 4,000 mi) at 8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) on the surface
25 nmi (46 km; 29 mi) at 8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) submerged
Complement: 31
Armament: 2 × 21 inch bow torpedo tubes
2 × 17.7 inch bow torpedo tubes
2 × 17.7 inch stern torpedo tubes

K XIII was a K XI class patrol submarines of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The ship was built by Fijenoord shipyard in Rotterdam.

Service history[edit | edit source]

The submarine was ordered on 3 September 1921 and laid down in Rotterdam at the shipyard of Fijenoord on 15 October 1923. The launch took place on 23 December 1924. On 29 March 1926 the boat was commissioned in the Dutch navy.[2]

On 27 May 1926 K XIII left Den Helder for the Dutch East Indies. Onboard was professor F.A. Vening Meinesz., who was to conduct gravity measurements. She made the journey alone and took a route that led by Horta, Willemstad, Mazatlán, San Francisco, Honolulu, Guam, Yap, Manila, Ambon and Burma. She arrived in Surabaya on 13 December 1926.[2]

The following years she makes several trip to conduct gravity measurements for professor F.A. Vening Meinesz. research. Destinations are Christmas Island, the Gulf of Boni, the Makassar Strait and Sumatra.[2]

On 6 September 1938 she participates in a fleet show at Surabaya. The show was held in honor of the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands who was than 40 years the head of state. More than twenty navy ships participate in the show.[2]

World War II[edit | edit source]

K XIII makes a patrol from 7 to 16 December 1941 in the South China Sea and off Malaya. During this patrol the Netherlands declares war on Japan. An unsuccessful attack is made on the Japanese invasion fleet on 10 December 1941 of the north east coast of Malaya.[2]

The boat was damaged as a result of a battery explosion in the Singapore harbor on 21 December 1941. Three men are killed in the explosion.[2]

Afterwards K XIII returned to Surabaya for repairs and was escorted by the destroyer Van Nes where they arrived on 6 January 1942.[2]

Still under repairs the boat was scuttled to prevent her being captured by the invading Japanese forces on 2 March 1942.[2]

External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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