|HNLMS Kortenaer (1976)|
Kortenaer at sea
|Namesake:||Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer|
|Builder:||KM de Schelde, Vlissingen|
|Laid down:||8 April 1975|
|Launched:||18 December 1976|
|Commissioned:||26 October 1978|
|Fate:||Sold to the Hellenic Navy|
|Commissioned:||15 December 1997|
|Class & type:||Kortenaer-class frigate|
|Length:||130 m (426 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||14.4 m (47 ft 3 in)|
|Draft:||4.4 m (14 ft 5 in)|
|Endurance:||4,700 nautical miles at 16 knots (8,700 km at 30 km/h)|
|Aircraft carried:||2 × Sea Lynx helicopters (1 in peacetime)|
HNLMS Kortenaer (F807) (Dutch language: Hr.Ms. Kortenaer ) was a frigate of the Kortenaer class. The ship was in service with the Royal Netherlands Navy from 1978 to 1997. The frigate was named after Dutch naval hero Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer. The ship's radio call sign was "PADA".
Design and construction[edit | edit source]
In the early 1970s the Royal Netherlands Navy developed a 'Standard' frigate design to replace the destroyers of the Holland- and Friesland classes. The 'Standard' design would have anti-submarine (the Kortenaer class) and anti-aircraft (the Jacob van Heemskerck-class) variants with different armaments on a common hull design. The first eight Kortenaers were ordered in 1974, with four more ordered in 1976, although two were sold to Greece while being built, and replaced by two of the anti-aircraft variant.
Kortenaer was 130.2 metres (427 ft 2 in) long overall and 121.8 metres (400 ft) between perpendiculars, with a beam) of 14.4 metres (47 ft 3 in) and a draft of 4.4 metres (14 ft 5 in). Displacement was 3,000 long tons (3,050 t) standard and 3,785 long tons (3,846 t) full load. The ship was powered by two 25,800 shaft horsepower (19,200 kW) Rolls-Royce Olympus TM 3B and two 4,900 shaft horsepower (3,700 kW) Rolls-Royce Tyne TM 1C gas turbines in a combined gas or gas (COGOG) arrangement, driving two propeller shafts. The Olympus engines gave a speed of 30 knots (35 mph; 56 km/h) and the Tyne cruise engines gave a speed of 20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h).
Kortenaer's main anti-aircraft armament was an 8-round NATO Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile launcher in front of the bridge. An OTO Melara 76 mm was fitted forward of the Sea Sparrow launcher, while a Goalkeeper CIWS was planned to be fitted aft, on the roof of the ship's hangar. Goalkeeper was not available when the ships were built, however, and Kortenaer was completed with a second Oto Melara 76 mm gun in its place. Eight Harpoon anti-ship missiles could be carried in two quadruple launchers, although two or four Harpoons was a more normal peacetime load-out. A hangar and fight deck were fitted to accommodate two Westland Lynx helicopters, although only one was normally carried. Close-in anti submarine armament was provided by four 324 mm tubes for US Mark 46 torpedoes. A Signaal LW-08 long-range air search radar was fitted, together with a ZW-06 surface-search radar, with WM-25 and STIR-180 fire control radars to direct the ship's armament. A Canadian SQS-505 hull-mounted sonar was fitted.
Kortenaer's aft Oto Melara 76 mm gun was replaced by a Bofors 40 mm anti-aircraft gun in 1982, and this, in turn, was replaced by the intended Goalkeeper by 1995. On transfer to Greece, the Goalkeeper was removed. Greece replaced it by an American Phalanx CIWS, while Agusta-Bell AB 212 helicopters replaced the Lynxes.
HNLMS Kortenaer, the name-ship of her class was laid down at the Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde (KM de Schelde) shipyard in Vlissingen on 8 April 1975. She was launched on 18 Decomber 1976 and commissioned into service on 26 October 1978.
Dutch service history[edit | edit source]
In June 1994 the ship participated in the BALTOPS 94 naval exercise with vessels from several other navies.
==Greek service history==
The ship was put into service on 15 December 1997 where the ship was renamed Kountouriotis and the pennant number F 462, using the radio call sign was "SZCT".[verification needed] In September 2017 the ship was assigned to NATO SNMG2.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- "helis.com". https://www.helis.com/database/unit/138-HrMs-Kortenaer/. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Gardiner & Chumbley 1995, p. 277
- Moore 1979, p. 356
- Friedman 1997, pp. 315–317, 578
- Saunders 2002, p. 278
- "scheepvaartmuseum.nl :: Maritieme kalender 1979". http://www.hetscheepvaartmuseum.nl/knowledgebase/calendar%7C1979. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
- "scheepvaartmuseum.nl :: Maritieme kalender 1988". http://www.hetscheepvaartmuseum.nl/knowledgebase/calendar%7C1988. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
- Baker 1998, pp. 294–295, 533
- "helis.com". https://www.helis.com/database/unit/139-HS-Kountouriotis/. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
References[edit | edit source]
- Baker, A. D., ed (1998). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World 1998–1999. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-111-4.
- Friedman, Norman (1997). The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapon Systems 1997–1998. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-268-4.
- Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen, eds (1995). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
- Moore, John, ed (1979). Jane's Fighting Ships 1979–80. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-354-00587-1.
- Saunders, Stephen, ed (2002). Jane's Fighting Ships 2002–2003. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-2432-8.
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