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Role Reconnaissance seaplane
Manufacturer Hansa und Brandenburgische Flugzeugwerke
Primary users German Imperial Navy
Finnish Air Force

Hansa-Brandenburg W.33 was a German two-seat, low-wing single-engined seaplane, which had been designed by Hansa und Brandenburgische Flugzeugwerke in the 1920s. Although the W.33 was built in relatively small numbers, the design was widely recognized as successful and numerous copies and license built versions were built by the hundreds after World War I.

History[edit | edit source]

The Hansa-Brandenburg W.33 aircraft was designed in 1916 by Ernst Heinkel and entered German service in 1918. 26 aircraft were built of this design, but only six before the collapse of the German empire. Noticeably superior to the FF.33L, it proved to be an excellent aircraft. The Hansa-Brandenburg monoplanes considerably influenced German seaplane design; several copies appeared in 1918, such as the Friedrichshafen FF.63, the Dornier Cs-I, the Junkers J.11, and the L.F.G. Roland ME 8. After the war a version of the W.29 was used by Denmark, while Finland obtained a license for to manufacture of the W.33.

Finland purchased a number of W.33 and W.34 aircraft from Germany. In 1921, Finland also obtained the manufacturing license for the W.33. The first Finnish-built Hansa made its maiden flight on 4 November 1922, and was called IVL A.22 Hansa. This aircraft was the first industrially manufactured aircraft in Finland. During the following four years a total of 120 aircraft were manufactured. This aircraft would become the second most numerous aircraft that had been built in Finland for the Finnish Air Force through the ages (the PIK-20 gliders had been manufactured in greater amounts in the 1970s).

The Finnish Air Force used the aircraft in maritime service until 1936.

Variants[edit | edit source]

Hansa-Brandenburg W.33
26 built
IVL A.22 Hansa
Finnish license manufactured W.33, 120 built
Hansa-Brandenburg Make
Norwegian license manufactured W.33, 41 built:
6 Make I
24 Make II
11 Make III built at Kjeller Flyfabrikk and known as Kjeller F.F.8 Make III.
Yokosuka Navy Type Hansa Reconnaissance Seaplane
Approximately 310 aircraft directly derived from the W.33, built by Nakajima and Aichi for the Imperial Japanese Navy[1]

Operators[edit | edit source]

Finnish Air Force
 German Empire
German Imperial Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy

Survivors[edit | edit source]

There is one Hansa in the Finnish Aviation Museum.

Specifications (W.33)[edit | edit source]

Data from {}

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 11.10 m (36 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.85 m (52 ft 0 in)
  • Height: m (ft in)
  • Wing area: m² (ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,400 kg (3,080 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,124 kg (4,673 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Fiat A.12bis inline engine, 224 kW (300 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 160 km/h (86 kn, 99 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 154 km/h (83 kn, 95 mph)

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mikesh, Robert and Shorzoe Abe. Japanese Aircraft 1910–1941. London: Putnam, 1990. ISBN 0-85177-840-2

References[edit | edit source]

  • Keskinen, Kalevi; Niska, Klaus; Stenman, Kari; Geust, Carl-Fredrik: Suomen museolentokoneet, Forssan kirjapaino, 1981, ISBN 951-9035-60-5.
  • Mikesh, Robert and Shorzoe Abe. Japanese Aircraft 1910–1941. London: Putnam, 1990. ISBN 0-85177-840-2

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