|Harley Hannibal Christy|
Vice Admiral Harley H. Christy
|Born||September 18, 1870|
|Died||June 4, 1950(aged 79)|
|Place of birth||Circleville, Ohio|
|Place of death||Bethesda, Maryland|
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1887–1934|
World War I
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
Biography[edit | edit source]
Early career[edit | edit source]
In April 1898, at the start of the Spanish–American War, Christy was serving as an ensign aboard the cruiser Detroit when she captured the ocean liner Catalina off Havana. The 1,000-ton ship was carrying a general cargo from New Orleans to Barcelona, and was valued at $600,000. A prize crew, commanded by Christy, of sixteen men from Detroit and New York, took the vessel to Key West.
Christy commanded the Reina Mercedes, the station ship at Annapolis, Maryland, when he was placed in charge of vessels for the Army Transport, at the Naval Academy, between 9 September 1915 and 5 July 1917.
World War I[edit | edit source]
Christy was promoted to captain on 23 May 1917, and commanded the protected cruiser Minneapolis from 7 July to 17 August. Two days later, on 19 August, Christy was placed in command of the armored cruiser San Diego, engaged in transporting and escorting troops and supplies to European ports.
At 11:05 on the morning of 19 June 1918 San Diego hit a mine laid by the German U-boat U-156 off Fire Island, New York. The crew abandoned ship, and the San Diego rolled over and sank within half an hour. Six men were killed and three injured.
After the loss of the San Diego Christy commanded the Wyoming from 29 September 1918 to 22 September 1919 during North Sea operations with the British Grand Fleet as part of Battleship Division Nine.
Post-war[edit | edit source]
In 1920 Christy was stationed at the Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida, where he was station Commander. He was detached from that duty on 23 May 1923 and replaced Captain Lucius A. Bostwick as commander of the battleship California.
On 2 December 1924 Christy was promoted to Rear Admiral. Christy subsequently held several flag commands ashore and afloat, as well as serving at the Naval War College and with the General Board and other Navy boards in Washington D.C.
Christy retired from active duty in October 1934, and in January 1950 was advanced to the rank of Vice Admiral on the Retired List in honor of his combat awards.
Christy died on 4 June 1950, and is buried at the United States Naval Academy Cemetery in Annapolis, Maryland.
Error[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- White, Trumbull (1898). Our war with Spain for Cuba's freedom. Vol. I. Chicago and Philadelphia: Monarch Book Company. p. 45. http://archive.org/details/ourwarwithspainf01whit. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Rear Admiral Harley H. Christy". freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com. http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cacunithistories/RADM_Christy.html. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Valor awards for Harley Hannibal Christy". Military Times Hall of Valor. http://militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=16433. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "Battleship Photo Index : USS California (BB-44)". navsource.org. http://www.navsource.org/archives/01/44i.htm. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Naval History & Heritage Command document "Vice Admiral Harley H. Christy, USN (1870-1950)".
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