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Hasan Salama
حسن سلامة
Hasan Salama, 1939
Born 1912 (1912)
Died 1948 (1949)
Place of birth Qula, Ottoman Syria
Place of death Ras al-Ein, British Mandate for Palestine
Allegiance Palestine's Arab irregular forces
Service/branch Army of the Holy War
Years of service 1936-1948
Battles/wars 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine
1947-1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine
Relations Ali Hassan Salameh (son)

Hasan Salama or Hassan Salameh (Arabic language: حسن سلامة‎, Ḥasan Salāmah) (1912–1948) was a commander of the Palestinian Holy War Army (Jaysh al-Jihad al-Muqaddas, Arabic: جيش الجهاد المقدس) in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War along with Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Salama with rifle in hand and on horseback during the revolt, 1939

Salama was born in the Palestinian village Qula in 1912. Salama was one of the leaders of the armed Arab groups who fought against the Jews and British during the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine. After the Arab revolt in Palestine Salama fled to Lebanon, and then fled along with the Mufti of Jerusalem Hajj Amin al-Husseini to Iraq.[citation needed] He came back to Palestine in October 1944 as a member of the Operation ATLAS commando. Despite the failure of the operation and an injure at the foot, he succeeded in espcaping in taking refuge at Qula.

The Holy War Army was a force of Palestinian Arab irregulars in the 1947-48 Palestinian civil war.[1] The force has been described as Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni's "personal" army.[2] Salama was a member of the Palestine Arab Party.

At the meeting held in Damascus on 5 February 1948, to organize the Palestinian Field Commands, Salama was allocated the Lydda district.[3]

Salama was killed by the IDF in the battle of Ras al-Ein on 2 June 1948.[4] He was the father of Ali Hassan Salameh, chief operation of Black September and responsible of the Munich massacre in 1972.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Albert Habib Hourani, Philip S. Khoury and Mary C. Wilson (2004-03-04). The Modern Middle East: A Reader. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 537. ISBN 978-1-86064-963-9. 
  2. Ilan Pappé (1994-08-15). The Making of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1947-51. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-85043-819-9. 
  3. Haim Levenberg (1993-09-01). Military Preparations of the Arab Community in Palestine: 1945-1948. London: Routledge. p. 198. ISBN 0-7146-3439-5. 
  4. "Alphabetical & Chronological listing of Palestinian Personalities". Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs. http://www.passia.org/palestine_facts/personalities/alpha_s.htm#s11. 

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