|Hawaii Air National Guard|
199th Fighter Squadron - Lockheed Martin F-22A. The 199th is the oldest unit in the Hawaii Air National Guard, having over 60 years of service to the state and nation
|Active||4 November 1946 - present|
|Branch||Air National Guard|
|Role||"To meet state and federal mission responsibilities."|
Hawaii Department of Defense|
United States National Guard Bureau
|Garrison/HQ||Hawaii Air National Guard, 360 Harbor Drive, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Honolulu, Hawaii 96818|
President Barack Obama|
Michael B. Donley
(Secretary of the Air Force)
Governor Neil Abercrombie
(Governor of the State of Hawaii)
|Ceremonial chief||Brigadier General Stanley J. Osserman|
|Emblem of the Hawaii Air National Guard|
|Transport||C-17 Globemaster III|
The Hawaii Air National Guard (HI ANG) is the air force militia of the State of Hawaii, United States of America. It is, along with the Hawaii Army National Guard, an element of the Hawaii National Guard.
As state militia units, the units in the Hawaii Air National Guard are not in the normal United States Air Force chain of command. They are under the jurisdiction of the Governor of Hawaii though the office of the Hawaii Adjutant General unless they are federalized by order of the President of the United States. The Hawaii Air National Guard is headquartered at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Honolulu, and its commander is Brigadier General Joseph R. Harris II.
Overview[edit | edit source]
Under the "Total Force" concept, Hawaii Air National Guard units are considered to be Air Reserve Components (ARC) of the United States Air Force (USAF). Hawaii ANG units are trained and equipped by the Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the Hawaii Air National Guard forces are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment tasking orders along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts in their assigned cycle deployment window.
Along with their federal reserve obligations, as state militia units the elements of the Hawaii ANG are subject to being activated by order of the Governor to provide protection of life and property, and preserve peace, order and public safety. State missions include disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and forest fires, search and rescue, protection of vital public services, and support to civil defense.
Components[edit | edit source]
The Hawaii Air National Guard consists of the following major unit:
- Established 4 November 1946 (as: 199th Fighter Squadron)
- Stationed at: Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Honolulu
- Gained by: Pacific Air Forces
- The 154th Wing is the major operational component of the Hawaii Air National Guard. It is an associate unit with the USAF Pacific Air Forces 15th Wing. The 154th is a composite wing, consisting of Air Supremacy, Airlift, Radar, and Air Refueling squadrons.
Support Unit Functions and Capabilities:
- The 201st CCG’s mission is to provide tactical communications and air traffic services in the defense and service of the United States of America and its allies.
- 109th Air Operations Group
- Co-located with the 613th AOC at Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii. The mission of the 613th AOC is to provide command and control of real-world air, space and information operations in the Pacific Theater for the Commander of Air Force forces (COMAFFOR) and coalition or joint forces air component commander (C/JFACC).
- Hawaii Region Air Operations Center (HIRAOC)
- Located at Wheeler Army Airfield. Air defense of the Hawaiian island chain.
- 169th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron (GSU at Mount Kaala, Oahu)
- Stationed at Joint Surveillance System station "H-01"; ARSR-4 Radar; Joint-use site between HI ANG and FAA.
- 150th Aircraft Control and Warning Flight (GSU at Kokee Air Force Station, Kauai) 169 ACWS OL-AA
- Located atop Mount Kokee. Designated as Joint Surveillance System station "H-02"; AN/FPS-117v4 Radar; Joint-use site between HI ANG and FAA.
History[edit | edit source]
The Hawaii Territory Air National Guard was formed as the 199th Fighter Squadron, being extended federal recognition on 4 November 1946 by the National Guard Bureau. The territory had been allocated the World War II 463d Fighter Squadron on 24 April, the 469th having served in China as part of Fourteenth Air Force during World War II. The 198th Fighter Squadron was bestowed the lineage, history, honors, and colors of the 463d Fighter Squadron. The squadron was equipped with F-47N Thunderbolts and was operationally gained by Seventh Air Force. Its mission was the air defense of Hawaii.
Bellows Field, which was attacked during the 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Oahu, was excess after World War II ended, and it served as home for the Hawaii Air National Guard. In 1947, the costs to operate Bellows as an active Air National Guard station led the Territorial government to negotiate with the Army about its future. The Army indicated that it wanted to retain the field in a commissioned status but that it had no funds to maintain the field. The Army offered the Aviation Unit of the Hawaiian National Guard joint use of the field provided all maintenance was assumed by the Guard. A settlement was reached to move the 199th to Hickam Field, and to use excess facilities there. 18 September 1947, however, is considered the Hawaii Air National Guard's official birth, concurrent with the establishment of the United States Air Force as a separate branch of the United States military under the National Security Act. On 1 December 1960, the 199th was authorized to expand to a group level, and the 157th Fighter-Interceptor Group was established by the National Guard Bureau
Today the Hawaii ANG 199th Fighter Squadron flies the F-22A Raptor as an associate unit of the USAF with the USAF 15th Wing 19th Fighter Squadron; the 203d Air Refueling Squadron flies the KC-135R Stratotanker as an associate of the 96th Air Refueling Squadron and the 204th Airlift Squadron flies the C-17 Globemaster III as an associate of the 535th Airlift Squadron at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. Other HI ANG units perform air defense radar, combat communications and air operations missions.
After the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, elements of every Air National Guard unit in Hawaii has been activated in support of the Global War on Terrorism. Flight crews, aircraft maintenance personnel, communications technicians, air controllers and air security personnel were engaged in Operation Noble Eagle air defense overflights of major United States cities. Also, Hawaii ANG units have been deployed overseas as part of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq as well as other locations as directed.
References[edit | edit source]
- Gross, Charles J (1996), The Air National Guard and the American Military Tradition, United States Dept. of Defense, ISBN 0160483026
- Hawaii Air National Guard website
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