|Hawaii Army National Guard|
Seal of the Army National Guard
|Branch||Army National Guard|
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Hawaii National Guard|
|Garrison/HQ||Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii|
|Motto(s)||Ka Oihana Mamua|
|Engagements||Attack on Pearl Harbor|
|Brig. Gen. Joseph Chaves|
The Hawaii Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.
Hawaii Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. It uses the same ranks and insignia as the U.S. Army, and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Hawaii Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Hawaii.
National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations (2001-?); the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.
Active Duty CallupsEdit
For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).
On August 12, 1898 National Guard of Hawaii was converted into the Hawaii Territorial Guard. In 1938 members of the Guard unit in Hilo aided striking workers against government authorities during the protest that became known as the Hilo Massacre. The Territorial Guard was disbanded in 1942 and the Hawaii Army National Guard was formed. Many feel it was a conspiracy to purge the guard of Japanese Americans. Although hundreds of Japanese-Americans were forced to leave the Guard, 1,300 were retained. The first man to join the Hawaii Army National Guard was James Mitose.
- Coats of arms of U.S. Armor and Cavalry Regiments
- Coats of arms of U.S. Artillery Regiments
- Coats of arms of U.S. Infantry Regiments
- Coats of arms of U.S. Air Defense Artillery Regiments
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hawaii Army National Guard.|
- Bibliography of Hawaii Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Hawaii National Guard, accessed 20 Nov 2006
- GlobalSecurity.org Hawaii Army National Guard, accessed 20 Nov 2006
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