The Henschel Hs 297 Föhn was a small German Surface-to-Air rocket from the Second World War.
In principle it was similar to the Fliegerfaust, the main difference being that the Hs 297 was not designed as a shoulder-mounted weapon. In both systems, several small-caliber weapons acting as unguided rockets were to be used against low-flying aircraft
The rockets had a caliber of 7.29 cm, a length of 29.5 cm and a weight of 2.7 kg. The launch took place from simply-designed racks that could hold 35 rockets (5 × 7) and from which several rockets were fired simultaneously. Also launches of individual rockets were possible. The range was 1200 meters. Aiming was achieved by direct sight through a semi-circular visor.
For mass deployment in the Volkssturm the device was officially termed the Volk-Fla-R-Werfer - an abbreviation of Volkssturm-Flugabwehr-Raketenwerfer (Volkssturm anti-aircraft rocket launcher). By February 1945 50 units were delivered, which were provided to troops for testing. 24 of the launcher racks were assigned to the 3./FlakLehruVersAbt 900 (o) (3rd Anti Aircraft Training and Testing Division) in the Remagen area and were used for the first time on 2 March 1945 against Allied Fighter-bombers. A few days later, after capturing the Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen some of the launchers (classified as secret) fell intact into the hands of the Americans.
References[edit | edit source]
- Bruene, Lothar, and Weiler, Jacob, Remagen in March 1945 - A documentary on the final phase of the World War II, Peace Museum Bridge at Remagen e. V. (ed.), Remagen 1993 ISBN 3-9803385-9-2, P. 68 f.
- Bruene, Lothar, and Hamlet, Jacob (ibid.), p. 30 and 206 et seq
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