|Born||25 June 1915|
|Died||23 February 1943(aged 27)|
|Place of birth||Nürnberg|
|Place of death||Middle Atlantic|
|Years of service||1934–1943|
SSS Gorch Fock
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Herbert Schneider (25 June 1915 in Nürnberg – 23 February 1943 in the Middle Atlantic) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He is credited with the sinking of seven ships for a total of 45,826 gross register tons (GRT) and further damaging two ships of 12,479 GRT.
Career[edit | edit source]
Herbert Schneider began his naval career with the Reichsmarine on 8 April 1934 as a member "Crew 1934" (the incoming class of 1934).[Note 1]. After officer's training, he transferred to the Luftwaffe and received air reconnaissance training in October 1936. In early 1939 (22 February 1939 – 30 April 1939), during the Spanish Civil War, he spent a few months in Spain making eight sorties with the Aufklärungsgruppe See 88 (AS/88—88th sea reconnaissance group) of the "Legion Condor". In October 1940 he returned to the Kriegsmarine. Over the next several months he received U-boat training and became the I. Wachoffizier (1st watch officer) on the U-123. After two patrols, he left to complete commander training, and it was then that he received the commission for the U-522. During his first patrol in the North Atlantic he sank four ships, totalling 20,077 tons and damaged another vessel. During his second patrol, he sunk three ships sunk and damaged another. The U-522 was sunk by depth charges from the British cutter HMS Totland on 23 February 1943, which resulted in the loss of all hands.
Awards[edit | edit source]
- Observer Badge (1 October 1937)
- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 4th Class (8 April 1938)
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (16 January 1943)
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 21 November 1942
Wehrmachtbericht reference[edit | edit source]
|Date||Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording||Direct English translation|
|Sunday, 21 November 1942||Bei den Geleitzugkämpfen zeichnete sich das Unterseeboot unter Führung von Kapitänleutnant Schneider besonders aus.||The submarine under the leadership of Captain Lieutenant Heidtmann has particularly excelled itself in combat against the convoys.|
Notes[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Busch and Röll 2003, p. 303.
- Busch and Röll 2003, p. 304.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 367.
- Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- (in German) Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943. München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
[edit | edit source]
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