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For the Iowa politician and lawyer, see Hiram Y. Smith.
For persons named Hyrum Smith, see Hyrum Smith (disambiguation).

Private Hiram T. Smith is a legendary casualty of the bloodless Maine Aroostook War, having died in 1839. Although one of roughly 38 men killed (all were non-combat deaths), he is the most famous because many locals consider him the only casualty of the war. A memorial placed in the middle of the Haynesville Woods along U.S. Route 2 that also added to his fame. In 1930, the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) placed a wooden marker at the site and later updated it with a granite marker that still stands today.

It is unknown how exactly Smith died or why he stands out from the rest of the men who died, as there is no official reason for his death. There are several ongoing theories:[1]

1) He froze to death. Temperatures in that area of Maine during the winter of 1839 reached negative 40 degrees Fahrenheit. However, many believe he died in the summer of 1839.
2) Run over by an army supply wagon.
3) Killed by a horse when he went to feed them.
4) Falling through the ice of Lake St. Clair. While he may have died from falling through the ice, there has never been a Lake St. Clair in Maine.
5) Shot for desertion. Probably also not true, as this would have had a record of some type.
6) Fell into a pond and drowned.[2] A pond now called Soldier's Pond has a marker stating "Soldier's Grave Aroostook War 1838" which is attributed to Smith but the year would be inconsistent with reports he died in 1839, and is not the same marker the DAR erected.

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