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Horst von Schroeter
File:File:Horst von Schroeter.jpg
Born (1919-06-10)10 June 1919
Died 25 July 2006(2006-07-25) (aged 87)
Place of birth Biberstein, district of Meissen
Place of death Bonn
Allegiance  Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
 German Navy
Years of service 1937–1945
Rank Kapitänleutnant
Unit SSS Albert Leo Schlageter
cruiser Emden
battleship Scharnhorst
Commands held U-123
Allied Forces Baltic Approaches

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Horst von Schroeter (10 June 1919 – 25 July 2006) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. After World War II he joined the Bundesmarine of the Federal Republic of Germany and from 1976 to 1979 held the position of Commander of the NATO Naval forces in the Baltic Sea Approaches (COMNAVBALTAP).

Service history[edit | edit source]

Ships attacked[edit | edit source]

As a U-boat commander of U-123 Horst von Schroeter is credited with the sinking of six merchant ships for a total of 31,557 gross register tons (GRT), a warship of 683 GRT, and damaging a ship of 7,068 GRT.

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate
29 December 1942 Baron Cochrane  United Kingdom 3,385 Sunk
29 December 1942 Empire Shackleton  United Kingdom 7,068 Damaged
8 April 1943 Castillo Montealegre[1]  Spain 3,972 Sunk
18 April 1943 SS Empire Bruce  United Kingdom 7,459 Sunk
18 April 1943 HMS P-615  United Kingdom 683 Sunk
29 April 1943 Nanking  Sweden 5,931 Sunk
5 May 1943 Holmbury  United Kingdom 4,566 Sunk
9 May 1943 Kanbe  United Kingdom 6,244 Sunk

Awards[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. El misterio del 'Castillo Montealegre', 4 March 2013, XLSemanal, Arturo Pérez-Reverte. A syndicated column from the point of view of a nephew of a friend of a survivor.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Busch and Röll 2003, p. 450.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Busch and Röll 2003, p. 451.
  4. Scherzer 2007, p. 685.
  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.

External links[edit | edit source]

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