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Hurşit Tolon
Commander of the First Army of Turkey

In office
20 August 2004 – 19 August 2005
Preceded by Yaşar Büyükanıt
Succeeded by İlker Başbuğ
Personal details
Born April 1, 1942(1942-04-01) (age 79)
Istanbul, Turkey
Military service
Service/branch Turkish Army
Years of service 1962-2005
Rank General

Hurşit Tolon (born 1 April 1942) is a retired Turkish general; he was Commander of the First Army of Turkey from 2004 to 2005. In August 2013 he was sentenced to aggravated life imprisonment as part of the Ergenekon trials.[1]

Tolon is accused of establishing the National Strategies and Operations Department of Turkey (TUSHAD) in 1993 on instructions from Ergenekon, while Tolon was serving as secretary-general of the General Staff of Turkey. Prosecutors allege that TUSHAD carried out the Zirve Publishing House massacre in 2007. TUSHAD is also said to have worked with the Turkish Gendarmerie's JİTEM intelligence unit. The Zirve murders are claimed to be part of the "Cage Action Plan", which is being prosecuted in the Poyrazköy case of the Ergenekon trials.[2] Tolon is said to have attended meetings of Semih Tufan Gülaltay's National Unity Party.[3]

Tolon graduated from the Turkish Military Academy in 1962 and the Kara Harp Akademisi in 1978.[4]

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