Summary[edit | edit source]
Hushenying can be translated as "Tiger and Divine Corps", "Tiger Spirit Division", or "Tiger Spirit Battalion".
It had 10,000 troops in it. It was one of the three modernized Manchu Banner Divisions. Zaiyi was plotting to kill all the foreign diplomats in the legations. Zaiyi created it in June 1899, to prepare for war against the foreigners in the Boxer Rebellion. The other two Manchu Divisions, Wuwei Troop and Shen Ji ying were commanded by Zaiyi's political rivals, Prince Qing and Ronglu.
The Hushenying had a rivalry with Prince Qing's Shen Ji ying. The Hushenying was named because Hu means tiger, and Yang, the word for lamb, was also a nickname for foreigners. Additionally, the word "shen" (Divine) in the name referenced the fact that foreigners were often called "gui" (devils).
It besieged the foreigners in the Siege of Beijing Legation Quarter, and clashed against Prince Qing's bannermen.
References[edit | edit source]
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- Edward J. M. Rhoads (2001). Manchus & Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early Republican China, 1861-1928. University of Washington Press. p. 71. ISBN 0-295-98040-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=QiM2pF5PDR8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=manchu+han&hl=en#v=snippet&q=tiger%20spirit%20division%20metropolitan%20banners%20zaiyi%20prince%20duan&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Fitzpatrick, Caitlin (2006). "Imperial Intrigue: a background guide for the Boxer Rebellion Chinese Imperial Court". COLUMBIA MODEL UNITED NATIONS IN NEW YORK Columbia University. p. 21. http://www.cmunny.org/cmunny06/Boxer.Rebellion.BG.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- Edward J. M. Rhoads (2001). Manchus & Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early Republican China, 1861-1928. University of Washington Press. p. 72. ISBN 0-295-98040-0. http://books.google.com/?id=QiM2pF5PDR8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=manchu+han#v=onepage&q=manchus%20took%20part%20metropolitan%20banners%20peking%20field%20force%20tiger%20spirit%20division%20center%20division&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Chinese literature. Foreign Languages Press. 1985. p. 21. http://books.google.com/books?id=lmI3AAAAIAAJ&q=The+Tiger+spirit+prince&dq=The+Tiger+spirit+prince&hl=en&ei=FijmTPOfGcGBlAfb_ajUCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAg. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
- Youmei Deng (1986). Snuff-bottles and other stories. Chinese Literature. p. 18. ISBN 0-8351-1607-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=aXCwAAAAIAAJ&q=This+Tiger+Spirit+Battalion+was+a+shock+force+set+up+to+crush+the+foreign+devils.+So+Wu+Shibao+was+appalled&dq=This+Tiger+Spirit+Battalion+was+a+shock+force+set+up+to+crush+the+foreign+devils.+So+Wu+Shibao+was+appalled&hl=en&ei=NCjmTKvMBcOAlAfqvY25Cw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAQ. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
- Lanxin Xiang (2003). The origins of the Boxer War: a multinational study. Psychology Press. p. 219. ISBN 0-7007-1563-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=lAxresT12ogC&pg=PA219&dq=prince+duan+tiger+corps&hl=en&ei=wSfmTNy_AoK8lQeUjbGfCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=prince%20duan%20tiger%20corps&f=false. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
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