|I Armored Corps|
Shoulder sleeve insignia of I Armored Corps
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Army|
Lieutenant General George S. Patton|
Major General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr.
I Armored Corps was a World War II corps of the United States Army. The army made its debut in Operation Torch on November 1942 under the command of Major-General George S. Patton. In July 1943 it was redesignated as the Seventh United States Army.
History[edit | edit source]
- Constituted 10 July 1940 in the Army of the United States, as HHC, I Armored Corps, and Activated – 15 July 1940 – at Fort Knox, Kentucky under the command of Major-General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr..
- Change of command – November 1940 – Major-General Charles L. Scott assumes command
- Change of command – 15 January 1942 – Major-General George S. Patton assumes command
- Transfer of Headquarters – January 1942 – to Fort Benning, Georgia
- Training – 26 March 1942 – Patton designated to set up Desert Training Center
- Training – 10 April 1942 to 30 July 1942 – at Desert Training Center, California-Arizona Maneuver Area (DTC-CAMA)
- Planning – 30 July 1942 – 5 August 1942 – Patton and staff does initial planning for Operation Torch in Washington, DC
- Planning – 5 August 1942 – 21 August 1942 – Patton and staff does higher level planning for Operation Torch in London, England
- Tactical Deception – 11 September 1942 – I Armored Corps redesignated as Western Task Force to carry out Operation Torch.
- Combat Mission – Operation Torch – 8 November 1942 – landed near Casablanca
- Cessation of Tactical Deception – 9 January 1943 – Western Task Force redesignated as I Armored Corps
- Change of command – 4 March 1943 – Patton reassigned to command II Corps after MG Lloyd Fredendall is relieved following the loss at the Battle of Kasserine Pass
- Change of command – 15 April 1943 – Lieutenant-General Patton resumes command
- Redesignated – 10 July 1943 – I Armored Corps becomes U.S. Seventh Army
Subordinate units[edit | edit source]
- 3rd Infantry Division – 1 February 1943 – 15 July 1943
- 9th Infantry Division – May 1943
- 2nd Armored Division
Heraldic items[edit | edit source]
Shoulder sleeve insignia[edit | edit source]
- Description: On an equilateral triangle with a green border, one point up, divided into three sections, the upper section yellow, the dexter section blue, and the sinister section red, a gun bendwise in front of a tank track and wheels all black and overall a red lightning flash bend sinisterwise. In the apex the Roman numeral "I" in black.
- Yellow, blue, and red are the colors of the branches from which armored units were formed.
- The tank tread, gun, and lightning flash are symbolic of mobility, power, and speed.
- The corps designation is in Roman numerals.
Distinctive unit insignia[edit | edit source]
- None approved.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Gabel, Christopher R. (1991). The US Army GHQ Maneuvers of 1941. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History/US Government Printing Office.
- Wilson, John B., Compiler (1999). CMH Publication 60-7:Armies, corps, divisions, and separate brigades. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History/US Government Printing Office. p. 43. ISBN 0-16-049994-1.
References[edit | edit source]
- Axlerod, Alan; Phillips, Charles (1998). "PATTON, George Smith". The Macmillan Dictionary of Military Biography. New York, NY, USA: Macmillan Publishers. p. 339. ISBN 0-02-861994-3.
- Fort Knox, KY • History[dead link]
- Combined Arms Research Library
- "Patton and Logistics of the Third Army: Lessons for Today's Joint Logistician". Airpower.maxwell.af.mil. http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/decker.html. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Combined Arms Research Library
- Biographies : Brigadier General Robert H. Strauss[dead link]
- "General Patton, World War II Desert Training Center, Needles Field Office, Bureau of Land Management California". Blm.gov. 25 March 2011. http://www.blm.gov/ca/needles/patton.html. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Desert Training Center". Members.aol.com. Archived from the original on 17 Oct 2002. http://web.archive.org/web/20021017115532/http://members.aol.com/Custermen85/DesertCamps.htm. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Patton Timeline". Historyinfilm.com. http://www.historyinfilm.com/patton/timeline.htm. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- US Army World War II Corps Commanders
- "Articles: Tunisa: WWII Change of Command, 1943". Historical Text Archive. http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?op=viewarticle&artid=202. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Hitler's Nemesis: The 9th Infantry Division – WWII G.I. Stories Booklet". Lone Sentry. http://www.lonesentry.com/gi_stories_booklets/9thinfantry/index.html. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
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