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Igor I
'Igor of Kyiv. Illumination from the Radziwiłł Chronicle
Prince of Rus'
Preceded by Oleg
Succeeded by Sviatoslav the Brave
Personal details
Died 945
Iskorosten
Religion Paganism

Ihor I (Russian: Игорь; Ukrainian: Ігор; Old Norse: Ingvar), also spelled Igor, was a Varangian ruler of Kyivan Rus' from 912 to 945.

Biography[]

Information about him comes mostly from the Primary Chronicle. According to the document, Igor was son of Rurik, the first king of Kyivan Rus':[1]

6378–6387 (870–879). On his deathbed, Rurik bequeathed his realm to Oleg, who belonged to his kin, and entrusted to Oleg’s hands his son Igor', for he was very young.

6388–6390 (880–882). Oleg set forth, taking with him many warriors from among the Varangians, the Chuds, the Slavs, the Merians and all the Krivichians. He thus arrived with his Krivichians before Smolensk, captured the city, and set up a garrison there. Thence he went on and captured Lyubech, where he also set up a garrison. He then came to the hills of Kyiv, and saw how Askold and Dir reigned there. He hid his warriors in the boats, left some others behind, and went forward himself bearing the child Igor'. He thus came to the foot of the Hungarian hill, and after concealing his troops, he sent messengers to Askold and Dir, representing himself as a stranger on his way to Greece on an errand for Oleg and for Igor', the prince’s son, and requesting that they should come forth to greet them as members of their race. Askold and Dir straightway came forth. Then all the soldiery jumped out of the boats, and Oleg said to Askold and Dir, “You are not princes nor even of princely stock, but I am of princely birth.” Igor' was then brought forward, and Oleg announced that he was the son of Rurik. They killed Askold and Dir, and after carrying them to the hill, they buried them there, on the hill now known as Hungarian, where the castle of Ol'ma now stands.

He twice besieged Constantinople, in 941 and 944, and in spite of part of his fleet being destroyed by Greek fire, concluded with the Emperor a favourable treaty whose text is preserved in the chronicle. In 913 and 944, the Rus' plundered the Arabs in the Caspian Sea during the Caspian expeditions of the Rus', but it's not clear whether Igor had anything to do with these campaigns.

Prince Igor Exacting Tribute from the Drevlyans, by Klavdiy Lebedev (1852-1916).

Igor was killed while collecting tribute from the Drevlians in 945. The Byzantine historian and chronicler, Leo the Deacon (born c.a 950), describes how Igor met his death: "They had bent down two birch trees to the prince’s feet and tied them to his legs; then they let the trees straighten again, thus tearing the prince’s body apart."[2]) and avenged by his wife, Olha of Kyiv. The Primary Chronicle blames his death on his own excessive greed, indicating that he was attempting to collect tribute a second time in a month. As a result, Olga changed the system of tribute gathering (poliudie) in what may be regarded as the first legal reform recorded in Eastern Europe.

Controversy[]

Drastically revising the chronology of the Primary Chronicle, Constantine Zuckerman argues that Igor actually reigned for three years, between summer 941 and his death in early 945. He explains the epic 33-year span of his reign in the chronicle by its author's faulty interpretation of Byzantine sources.[3] Indeed, none of Igor's activity are recorded in the chronicle prior to 941.

See also[]

References[]

  1. "The Russian Primary Chronicle". http://www.utoronto.ca/elul/English/218/PVL-selections.pdf. ; see also [1]
  2. Korosten (Iskorosten) - A small town with a great history, Leonid Tarasenko (November 07, 2008)
  3. Zuckerman, Constantine. On the Date of the Khazars' Conversion to Judaism and the Chronology of the Kings of the Rus' Oleg and Igor. A Study of the Anonymous Khazar Letter from the Genizah of Cairo. // Revue des études byzantines. 1995. 53. Pp. 237–270.

External links[]

Ihor of Kyiv
Rurikovich
Born: ? Died: 945
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Oleg the Seer
Prince of Kyiv
914–945
Succeeded by
Olga (regent)
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
established
Prince of Kyiv
?–914
Succeeded by
Sviatoslav the Brave

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