Military Wiki
Indra Lal Roy
Indra Lal Roy in the RFC uniform.
Nickname "Laddie"
Born (1898-12-02)December 2, 1898
Died July 22, 1918(1918-07-22) (aged 19)
Place of birth Calcutta, British Raj
Place of death Carvin, France
Allegiance India India
Service/branch RAF roundel.svg Royal Flying Corps
 Royal Air Force
Years of service 1917 - 1918
Rank Lieutenant
Battles/wars Western Front, First World War
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross

Indra Lal Roy (Bengali language: ইন্দ্রলাল রায় ), DFC (2 December 1898 – 22 July 1918) was the first Indian flying ace. He served in the First World War with the Royal Flying Corps and its successor, the Royal Air Force. He claimed five aircraft destroyed (including one shared), and five 'down out of control' wins (including another shared) in just over 170 hours flying time.[1]

The son of Bengalis P. L. and Lolita Roy, he was born in Calcutta, where his father was Director of Public Prosecutions. When the First World War broke out, Roy was attending St Paul's School, Hammersmith in London, England. Five months after turning 18, in April 1917 he enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps and was commissioned as a second lieutenant on 5 July 1917. After training and gunnery practise at Vendôme and Turnberry, he joined No. 56 Squadron on 30 October 1917. Roy was part of "A" Flight, commanded by flying ace Captain Richard Maybery.

Two months later, Roy was injured after he crash-landed his S.E.5a fighter on 6 December 1917. While recovering, Roy made numerous sketches of aircraft — many of which still exist. Though concerns were raised that he was medically unfit, Roy was successful in returning to duty after he had recuperated. He was transferred to Captain George McElroy's flight in No. 40 Squadron in June 1918.

On his return to active service, Roy achieved ten victories (two shared) in thirteen days. His first was a Hannover over Drocourtdisambiguation needed on 6 July 1918. This was followed by three victories in the space of four hours on 8 July 1918 (two Hannover Cs and a Fokker D.VII); two on 13 July 1918 (a Hannover C and a Pfalz D.III); two on 15 July 1918 (two Fokker D.VIIs); and one on 18 July 1918 (a DFW C.V). Roy's final victory came the following day when he shot down a Hannover C over Cagnicourt. He is the first and only Indian flying air ace to this day.[citation needed]

He was killed over Carvin on 22 July 1918 while flying in formation with two other S.E.5a in a dog fight against Fokker D.VIIs of Jagdstaffel 29. Roy was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) in September 1918 for his actions during the period of 6–19 July 1918. He is buried at Estevelles Communal Cemetery.

His nephew Subroto Mukerjee too was a fighter pilot who later became the first Indian Chief of Air staff of the Indian Air Force.

Victories - all in an S.E.5a (B180)[2]
Date and time Opponent
OOC = out of control
DES = destroyed
Location Comments
6 July 1918, 0545 Hannover C (OOC) Drocourt
8 July 1918, 0645 Hannover C (OOC) Drocourt
8 July 1918, 0925 Hannover C (OOC) East of Monchy Shared with Capt. George McElroy and Lt. Gilbert Strange
8 July 1918, 1025 Fokker D.VII (OOC) South-east of Douai
13 July 1918, 0645 Hannover C (DES) West of Estaires Shared with Capt. George McElroy, Lt. Gilbert Strange, and Lt. F.H. Knobel (D3528)[Clarification needed]
13 July 1918, 2005 Pfalz D.III (DES) Vitry-Brebières
15 July 1918, 2005 Fokker D.VII (DES Hulloch
15 July 1918, 2005 Fokker D.VII (OOC) Hulloch
18 July 1918, 2040 DFW C.V (DES) South-east of Arras
19 July 1918, 1025 Hannover C (DES) Cagnicourt

See also[]


  1. 'Above the Trenches'; Shores, Franks & Guest ,page 328
  2. "Indra Roy". 

External links[]

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).