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Inter-service decorations of the United States military are military awards that are issued by the U.S. Armed Forces to members of all five branches of military service. Such medals are thus considered "inter-service" and are awarded under the same criteria to all military branches.

HistoryEdit

The first inter-service medal to be created was the World War I Victory Medal. This was followed by the Purple Heart[1] and the Silver Star,[2] established in 1932 by a General Order of the Department of the Army. In 1942, the United States Navy authorized the issuance of these two medals to members of the Navy and United States Marine Corps.[3][4] Prior to this time, several older service medals had been issued both to the Army and Navy, but in different versions for each service. The World War I Victory Medal, Silver Star, and Purple Heart were thus the first medals which appeared identical, regardless of which service was bestowing the award.

The next inter-service medals to be created were the Legion of Merit[5] and the Air Medal. By the end of World War II, several Second World War campaign medals had also been established for issuance to both Army and Navy personnel. The United States Coast Guard also received such decorations under the authority of the Department of the Navy.

The Korean Service Medal[6] was the first inter-service decoration which was issued to all five branches of the U.S. military as, by the time frame of the Korean War, the United States Air Force had been established as a separate branch of service. In the 1960s and 1970s, the United States Armed Forces began creating several more campaign medals and service awards, all of which could be issued to every branch of the military.

In the 1960s and 1970s, the United States Department of Defense began creating a series of peacetime meritorious awards which were eligible for presentation to any military member working in a joint command or under the authority of the Secretary of Defense. The last such medal, the Joint Service Achievement Medal, was created in 1983. The only inter-service unit decoration, the Joint Meritorious Unit Award was created in 1981.[7][8]

On April 5, 2011, President Barack Obama amended Executive Order 12824 modifying the award eligibility of the Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal to "any member of the Armed Forces of the United States" making it an inter-service decoration of the U.S. military. Recently, this award has been given to Gen Craig R. McKinley (USAF) for his service as Chief of the National Guard Bureau.[9][10]

The Medal of Honor, while technically an inter-service decoration, is issued in different versions for each branch of military service. There are presently three versions in existence for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. Marines receive the Navy version while a Coast Guard version, which exists in theory, has never been bestowed (the one Coast Guard recipient of the Medal of Honor received the Navy version[11]).

The following are the various military medals of the United States which are considered inter-service. Medals are shown in categories, not in order of precedence for uniform wear.

Medal of HonorEdit

Medal of Honor
Medalsofhonor
Medal of Honor ribbon

Department level military decorationsEdit

Defense Distinguished Service Medal Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal Defense Superior Service Medal Defense Meritorious Service Medal Joint Service Commendation Medal Joint Service Achievement Medal
Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Dept of Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal
Defense Superior Service Medal
Defense Meritorious Service Medal
JSCM
Joint Service Achievement Medal
Defense Distinguished Service ribbon
Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal
US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon
Defense Meritorious Service ribbon
Joint Service Commendation ribbon
Us jointservachiev rib

Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Joint Meritorious Unit Award ribbon

Federal military decorationsEdit

Silver Star Legion of Merit Distinguished Flying Cross Bronze Star Medal Purple Heart Meritorious Service Medal Air Medal
SilverStarMed
Us legion of merit legionnaire
Dfc-usa
Bronze Star medal
Meritorious Service Medal (United States)
AirMed
Silver Star ribbon
Legion of Merit ribbon
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon
Bronze Star ribbon
Purple Heart BAR
Meritorious Service ribbon
Air Medal ribbon

Federal service medalsEdit

General serviceEdit

National Defense
Service Medal
Armed Forces
Expeditionary Medal
Humanitarian
Service Medal
Military Oustanding
Volunteer Service Medal
Armed Forces
Service Medal
National Defense Service Medal
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Humanitarian Service Medal
Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal, obverse
Armed Forces Service Medal
National Defense Service Medal ribbon
AFEMRib
Humanitarian Service ribbon
Outstanding Volunteer Service ribbon
Armed Forces Service Medal ribbon

Reserve and Special serviceEdit

Armed Forces Reserve Medal Prisoner of War Medal Antarctica Service Medal
AFRMedal
POWM
Antarctica Service Medal
ResMedRib
Prisoner of War ribbon
AnArcRib

Korean War serviceEdit

Korean Service Medal Korea Defense Service Medal
KoreanService
Korea Defense Service Medal
KSMRib
Korea Defense Service ribbon

Vietnam War, Persian Gulf War, and Balkans serviceEdit

Vietnam Service Medal Southwest Asia Service Medal Kosovo Campaign Medal
Vietnam Service Medal, obverse
Southwest Asia Service Medal
Kosovo Campaign Medal
Vietnam Service Ribbon
Southwest Asia Service ribbon
KosovoRib

Global War on TerrorismEdit

Afghanistan Campaign Medal Iraq Campaign Medal Global War on Terrorism
Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism
Service Medal
Afghanistan Campaign Medal, obverse
GWOTEM
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, obverse
Afghanistan Campaign ribbon
Iraq Campaign ribbon
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary ribbon
Global War on Terrorism Service ribbon

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "PURPLE HEART (Background.c.)",The Institute of Heraldry,http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/purple_heart.aspx
  2. "The United States of America: Silver Star",Medals of the World,http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/silver_star.aspx
  3. "PURPLE HEART (Background.d.)",The Institute of Heraldry,http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/purple_heart.aspx
  4. "SILVER STAR (Background.c.)",The Institute of Heraldry,http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/silver_star.aspx
  5. "LEGION OF MERIT",The Institute of Heraldry,http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/legion_of_merit.aspx
  6. "The United States of America: Korea Service Medal",Medals of the World,http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/korean_service.aspx
  7. "Joint Meritorious Unit Award",http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/joint_meritorious.aspx
  8. "JOINT MERITORIOUS UNIT AWARD",Headquarters United States European Command,http://www.eucom.mil/english/CommandStaff/ECJ1/ECJ1-PAD/JMUA/jmuamain.asp
  9. "Executive Order 13569--Amendments to Executive Orders 12824, 12835, 12859, and 13532, Reestablishment Pursuant to Executive Order 13498, and Revocation of Executive Order 13507". U.S. Department of Defense. 5 April 2011. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/04/05/executive-order-amendments-executive-orders-12824-12835-12859-and-13532-. Retrieved September 27, 2012. 
  10. "Panetta hosts Chief Change for National Guard Bureau". U.S. Department of Defense. http://www.defense.gov/photoessays/photoessayss.aspx?id=3145. Retrieved September 27, 2012. 
  11. "Douglas Albert Munro, USCG", http://www.uscg.mil/history/Munro%20Index.html


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