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Ivan III Drašković Trakošćanski
Ivan III. Drašković.jpg
Count
Preceded by Zsigmond Erdődy, Ban (viceroy) of Croatia
Succeeded by Nikola VII Zrinski, Ban (viceroy) of Croatia
Personal details
Born (1603-03-13)13 March 1603
Trakošćan (Croatia within the Habsburg Monarchy)
Died 5 August 1648(1648-08-05) (aged 45)
Óvár, Kingdom of Hungary
(present-day Olováry, Slovakia)
Nationality Croat
Spouse(s) Borbála Thurzó (m. 29 January 1629)
Children Ivan (John) IV, Barbara, Nikola (Nicholas) II, Katarina, Julija
Parents Ivan II Drašković and
Eva Drašković née Istvánffy
Residence Trakošćan Castle
Occupation cavalry captain,
master of king's chamberlains,
king's secret advisor,
superior commander of Karlovac military frontier,
Ban (viceroy) of Croatia (1640-1646),
Palatine of Hungary (1646-1648)
Religion Roman Catholic

Ivan III Drašković (English: John III Drashkovich of Trakoshtyan; Hungarian language:trakostyáni gróf Draskovich János, (Trakošćan, March 13, 1595(?) or 1603 – Óvár (Kingdom of Hungary), August 5, 1648), was a Croato-Hungarian warrior and statesman, a member of the Drašković noble family. He served as Palatine of Hungary from 1646 until his death.

BiographyEdit

Family and educationEdit

Count Ivan III Drašković was a son of Ivan II Petar Drašković and his wife Eva Drašković née Istvánffy. Educated in Graz, Austria, where he finished philosophy studies, and in Bologna, Italy, where he graduated in law, Drašković spoke several foreign languages.

On January 29, 1629 he married Borbála Thurzó, a Hungarian countess, and they had five children, among which two sons, John IV and Nicholas II.

Political and military careerEdit

During his lifetime, the Drašković family achieved the highest point of its power, wealth and influence. Due to his successes in battles against the Ottomans, Ivan III Drašković was well known as defensor Croatiae (English: defender of Croatia), having organised the Croatian defence forces, fortified the towns and castles, as well as built border military strongholds at the same time. On September 4, 1631 he was given (together with his brother Nicholas I and his cousin Caspar II) the title count by the Croato-Hungarian king Ferdinand II.

In his career Drašković was, among other duties, a cavalry captain, master of king's chamberlains and king's secret advisor. On July 10, 1640 he was appointed ban (viceroy) of Croatia and superior commander of Karlovac military frontier. Thus he was the third member of the family sitting (so far) on the ban's throne, after his father Ivan II and his grandfather's brother Juraj.

On September 22, 1640 the king Ferdinand III summoned a diet in Pressburg (Hungarian language:Pozsony; today Bratislava, Slovakia) where Drašković was appointed palatine of Hungary, the highest dignitary in that country after the king.

Death and funeralEdit

Having performed the high function of palatine, Drašković suddenly died on August 5, 1648 in his new domain Óvár, Nógrád County (today Olováry in the Banská Bystrica Region, southern Slovakia), he had been given a short time before his death by the king Ferdinand III. He was buried during a solemn funeral rite in the St. Martin's Cathedral in Pressburg, which served as the coronation church of the Kingdom of Hungary between 1563 and 1830. His grave is situated next to the grave of his father.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Ivan III Drašković
Born: 1603 Died: 5 August 1648
Political offices
Preceded by
Zsigmond Erdődy
Ban of Croatia
3 September 1639 – 25 September 1646
Succeeded by
Miklós Zrínyi
Preceded by
Miklós Esterházy
Palatine of Hungary
25 September 1646 – 5 August 1648
Succeeded by
Pál Pálffy

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