27 May 1902|
Moscow, Russian Empire
19 August 1937 (aged 35)|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
Ivan Ivanovich Kataev (Russian: Ива́н Ива́нович Ката́ев; 27 May 1902 – 19 August 1937) was a Soviet novelist, short story writer, and journalist.
Kataev was born in Moscow. His father was the uncle of Andrey Kolmogorov, and his mother was the niece of Pyotr Kropotkin. In 1919 he joined the Red Army and the CPSU and participated in the fighting against Anton Denikin. After leaving the military Kataev studied in the Economic Department of Moscow State University.
Kataev's first works were published in 1921. From 1926 to 1932 he was the leader of the literary group Pereval, which included Eduard Bagritsky, Mikhail Prishvin and Pyotr Pavlenko, among others. His works include the novellas The Heart (1928), Milk (1930), and The Encounter (1934) and the collections of essays Movement (1932) and The Man on the Mountain (1934).
His novel Milk was attacked on ideological grounds as a work that preached religion. His works were attacked throughout the mid 1930s, eventually leading to his arrest and execution as an "enemy of the people" in 1937. He was rehabilitated in 1956.
- Immortality, from Anthology of Soviet Short Stories, Vol 1, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1976.
- The Wife, from Great Soviet Short Stories, Dell, 1990. ISBN 0440331668
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