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Ivan Milutinović
Bista Ivana Milutinovica 1.JPG
Bust of Ivan Milutinović
Native name Иван Милутиновић
Nickname Milutin
Born 1901
Died 1944 (aged 42–43)
Allegiance
  • League of Communists of Yugoslavia Flag.svg
Years of service 1941–1944
Battles/wars
Awards Order of the National Hero BAR.png Order of the People's Hero

Ivan Milutinović – Milutin (Serbian Cyrillic language:Иван Милутиновић

1901 – 1944) was a Yugoslav Partisan general and an eminent military commander who participated in the Yugoslav Front of World War II.

Before the warEdit

In October 1940, during the Fifth Land Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia held in Zagreb, Milutinović was elected as a member of Politburo.[1] At this conference Tito formulated the leftist strategy of the CPY as focused on a revolutionary seizure of power in the country in order to organize a Soviet-style administrative organization in Yugoslavia.[2][3][4] Besides Milovan Đilas and Boris Kidrič, Milutinović would become one of the major proponents of the policy of Leftist errors pursued during the Second World War.[5]

Second World WarEdit

On 27 June 1941 Milutinović was elected as a member of the Supreme Staff of the National Liberation Partisan Units of Yugoslavia.[6] During the Uprising in Montenegro, Chetnik commander Bajo Stanišić wanted to negotiate with the Partisans but Ivan Milutinović, as a commander of the Partisan forces in Montenegro, refused to reply to Stanišić's proposal.[7]

DeathEdit

Grob narodnih heroja

Tomb of the People's heroes

Ivan Milutinović died on 23 October 1944 when a small boat which was transporting him to Belgrade hit a naval mine in the Danube. He was decorated with the Order of the People's Hero.[8]

The remains of Ivan Milutinović were buried in the Tomb of People's Heroes in Belgrade.

LegacyEdit

From 1949 until 1992 Berane was named as Ivangrad (Serbian language:Иванград) in honour of Milutinović. Until 2006 the Square of the Republic in Podgorica was known as Ivan Milutinović Square. The leading company for waterways in former Yugoslavia and today in Serbia is PIM Ivan Milutinović.[9] Many schools in former Yugoslavia carried Milutinović's name. Some schools in Serbia and Montenegro still do.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Rusinow, Dennison (1978). The Yugoslav Experiment 1948–1974. University of California Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-520-03730-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=kChoC2FaS7EC&pg=PA8. "... and Ivan Milutinovic, a Montenegrin) comprised the new Politburo presented to a secret all-Yugoslav Party Conference..." 
  2. Joel Krieger (2 August 2001). The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World. Oxford University Press. p. 838. ISBN 978-0-19-511739-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=2wd30pXJxpYC&pg=PA838. "...in 1939 and received internal confirmation at the Fifth Land Conference of the KP], held in Zagreb, in October 1940. Tito was already noted as a leftist who put little stock in Popular Front arrangements with non-Communists. Moreover, he was federalist, seeing the solution of the nationality question in Yugoslavia in Soviet style federation. This led him to complain against Soviet pleas for cooperation with anti-Communist and Greater Serbian Chetniks during the war and prompted him to emphasize the revolutionary seizure of power." 
  3. Encyclopaedia Britannica, inc (1998). The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica. p. 804. ISBN 978-0-85229-633-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=FFtYAAAAMAAJ. "At Fifth Land Conference of CPY, as underground minicongres held in Zagreb in October 1940, Tito sketched CPY's leftist strategy, which focused the party on armed insurrection and on Soviet style federalist solution to Yugoslavia." 
  4. Banac 1988, p. 77.
  5. Banac 1988, pp. 82, 83.
  6. Ramet 2006, p. 142.
  7. Marković, Lazo (1970). Ivan Milutinović Milutin. Grafički zavod,. p. 235. http://books.google.com/books?id=WSkFAAAAMAAJ. 
  8. Vojnoistorijski institut (Belgrade, Serbia) (1959). Zbornik dokumenata i podataka o narodnooslobodilačkom ratu jugoslovenskih naroda. p. 348. http://books.google.com/books?id=ONcfAAAAMAAJ. "Ivan Milutinovic, narodni heroj. Poginuo 23 oktobra 1944 god. na putu za tek oslobodeni Beograd (brodic kojim se prebacivao preko Dunava naisao je na minu)." 
  9. "PIM Ivan Milutinović". PIM Ivan Milutinović website. http://www.pim.co.rs/introduction.html. Retrieved 2 April 2014. "IVAN MILUTINOVIC-PIM, Serbian leading engineering and contracting company for waterways." 

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

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