|James Augustus Black|
|Member of the United States House of Representatives|
March 4, 1843 – April 3, 1848
|Preceded by||Isaac E. Holmes|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Wallace|
|Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Abbeville District|
November 26, 1832 – December 19, 1835
November 27, 1826 – January 30, 1828
Ninety-Six District, South Carolina
|Died||April 3, 1848 (aged 54–55)|
|Resting place||Columbia, South Carolina|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1812–1815|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812|
James Augustus Black (1793 – April 3, 1848) was a manufacturer, cotton broker, and U.S. Representative from South Carolina.
Early life and military service[edit | edit source]
Black was born on his father's plantation in the Ninety-Six District, near Abbeville, South Carolina. He attended the common schools on his father's plantation.
Black served in the army during the War of 1812. He was appointed a second lieutenant in the Eighth Infantry on March 12, 1812. He was promoted to first lieutenant on December 2, 1813. After the war, Black was honorably discharged (June 15, 1815).
Early career and a taste for politics[edit | edit source]
Soon after returning to civilian life, Black co-founded the Kings Mountain Iron Works, which was involved in the mining of iron ore in areas near present-day Cherokee Falls, South Carolina.
Black eventually moved to Georgia, settling in Savannah, where he engaged in the buying and selling of cotton. Black served as tax collector of Chatham County, Georgia for a time, before he returned to South Carolina.
Political career[edit | edit source]
This time, Black settled in Columbia, where he worked for a time as a cashier of the State Bank branch. He ran for, and twice won, a seat in the South Carolina House of Representatives, serving from 1826–1828; and again, 1832–1835.
Beginning in 1843, Black, a Democrat, was elected to three consecutive terms (the Twenty-eighth, Twenty-ninth, and Thirtieth) United States Congresses. Black was chairman of the Committee on the Militia during the Mexican–American War.
Death[edit | edit source]
Black served in Congress from March 4, 1843, until his death April 3, 1848 in Washington, D.C. while still in office. He is interred in the graveyard of the First Presbyterian Church, Columbia, South Carolina. A cenotaph in his honor was erected at the Congressional Cemetery.
Sources[edit | edit source]
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- James A. Black at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
[edit | edit source]
- James Augustus Black entry at The Political Graveyard
- James A. Black at Find a Grave and cenotaph at the Congressional Cemetery
|United States House of Representatives|
Isaac E. Holmes
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|