Medal of Honor recipient
|Died||October 11, 1898 (aged 72–73)|
|Place of birth||Scotland|
Captain Ted Conaway Memorial Naval Cemetery|
|Unit||USS Metacomet (1863)|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Born in 1825 in Scotland, Avery was living in New York when he joined the Navy. He served during the Civil War as a seaman on the USS Metacomet. At the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864, he was among the crew of a small boat sent from Metacomet to rescue survivors of the USS Tecumseh, which had been sunk by a naval mine (then known as a "torpedo"). Despite intense fire, the boat crew was able to pull ten Tecumseh men from the water. For this action, Avery was awarded the Medal of Honor a year and a half later, on January 15, 1866. Five other members of the Metacomet boat crew also received the medal: Quarter Gunner Charles Baker, Ordinary Seaman John C. Donnelly, Captain of the Forecastle John Harris, Seaman Henry Johnson, and Landsman Daniel Noble.
Many years after the war Avery was serving as a berth-deck cook and it was discovered by the captain that he had won a medal of honor. When asked about the medal he said:
"That can tell you more about it than I can. I did like the rest of the men that day, and I never expected anything more than my pay and rations. We tried to do our duty, and when we saw the men in the other ship being shot down and some drowning, we could only try to help them. God knows it was hard to see them being murdered without much chance for escape"
This incident was reported in the New York Times on January 16, 1898.
Avery later served in one of the bureaus of the Navy Department.
He died on October 11, 1898 and is buried in Captain Ted Conaway Memorial Naval Cemetery Portsmouth, Virginia.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1825, Scotland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 71, January 15, 1866.
Served on board the U.S.S. Metacomet. As a member of the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. monitor Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing the enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, S/man Avery braved the enemy fire which was said by the admiral [ David Farragut ] to be "one of the most galling" he had ever seen, and aided in rescuing from death 10 of the crew of the Tecumseh, eliciting the admiration of both friend and foe.
- "James Avery". Military Times. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=1451. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- "Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients (A–L)". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 26, 2011. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- "Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients (M–Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 26, 2011. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- New York Times Article
- "James Avery (Medal of Honor)". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7911021. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
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