|James B. Knighten|
December 11, 1919|
November 9, 2000 (aged 80)|
Las Vegas, Nevada
|Other names||Jay Bernard|
|Occupation||Fighter pilot, comedian|
|Known for||Tuskegee Airmen|
|Spouse(s)||Luana Knighten, Barbara Knighten|
Lt. Col. James Bernard Knighten (December 11, 1919 – November 9, 2000) was one of the first twelve African-Americans to become a pilot in the United States Army Air Corps after graduating from flight school at the Tuskegee Army Air Field. He became a member of the famed 99th Fighter Squadron, part of the World War II-era group of highly decorated African-American aviators known as the Tuskegee Airmen. Knighten flew in the first combat mission by African American pilots on June 9, 1943. Knighten's military career continued through the Korean and Vietnam Wars. After retiring from the military in 1968, he had a 20-year career with the Federal Aviation Administration as an operations inspector in New York and later in Los Angeles. Known as a jokester through his military career, Knighten began performing as a stand-up comedian in Las Vegas under the name of Jay Bernard during his years at the FAA, finally moving to Las Vegas to perform full-time after retiring from his position with the FAA.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Early life[edit | edit source]
Knight was born on December 11, 1919, in Tulsa, Oklahoma. His father, a bricklayer, moved the family to St. Louis when Knighten was 14 years old. In Tulsa, he matriculated and subsequently graduated from Charles Sumner High School. After graduating from high school, he matriculated at Dillard University in New Orleans from which he graduated with his Bachelor of Arts in social science.
Military career[edit | edit source]
After graduating from college, Knighten began working as a waiter on the Santa Fe Railroad route between Chicago and Los Angeles. In 1941, while working for Santa Fe Rail, he heard that African American cadets were going to be accepted into a new pilot training program for the first time in U.S. history. He had already applied for and been accepted into Howard University Law School on scholarship as well as having applied for and been accepted at the Gammon Theological Seminary in Chicago to study theology. He decided to also apply to be a member of the Army Air Corps as a cadet in the new program. Since he was of draft age, Knighten decided to enlist in the Army Air Corps rather than risk being drafted and assigned menial work in one of the other services. He became one of the members of class 42-E-SE, the third group of cadets chosen during the first year that African American cadets were admitted into the U.S. Army Air Corps, at the newly founded Tuskegee Army Air Field and graduated on May 20, 1942 as one of the first 12 African American military pilots in United States history.
After graduating from flight school at Tuskegee Air Field on May 20, 1942, Knighten was commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant and assigned to the 99th Fighter Squadron. Soon thereafter, the 99th Fighter Squadron was stationed in North Africa. Beginning in April 1943, the 99th Fighter Squadron distinguished itself first in missions over North African and subsequently the Italian mainland. Knighten flew 81 missions during World War II - including the first combat mission ever by African American pilots in United States history on June 9, 1943 - and earned himself the nickname "The Eel" for his flying abilities. While he crashlanded during one of these 81 missions, he walked away from the crash unscathed. By the end of World War II, he earned the Air Medal with two oak leaf clusters.
Following World War II, Knighten remained with the Army Air Corps, which became the United States Air Force, and served honorably in both the Korean War and the Vietnam War. By the end of his career in the air force, he had risen to the rank of lieutenant colonel. Knighten retired from military duty in 1968.
Marriage and children[edit | edit source]
Knighten married his first wife, Luana Knighten, ca. 1944. An actress, Luana died of a heart attack in 1956 just two days before she was supposed to appear in the play "Take a Giant Leap" on Broadway. Knighten and Luana had two daughters together before her death.
Federal Aviation Administration career[edit | edit source]
Upon retiring from the military in 1968, Knighten assumed a position with the Federal Aviation Administration as an operations inspector in New York. He subsequently was transferred to Los Angeles. In total, his career with the FAA spanned 20 years.
Comedy career[edit | edit source]
Knighten earned a reputation as a jokester amongst his fellow officers of the 99th Fighter Squadron. As early as 1955, he began appearing sporadically at stand-up comedy clubs in Manhattan and Trenton, New Jersey, where he was stationed at McGuire Field. Following his retirement as an investigator for the Federal Aviation Administration, Knighten launched a career as a comedian. For the next 20 years, he performed as an opening act at such venues as the Debbie Reynolds Hollywood Hotel, the Gold Coast Hotel and Casino, Palace Station and other resorts in the Las Vegas area.
Death and afterward[edit | edit source]
Knighten died of heart failure at the age of 80 in Las Vegas, Nevada on November 9, 2000.
Legacy The James B. Knighten Chapter of the Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. was founded in Las Vegas in 1999 and named in his honor. A one-act play entitled Tuskegee Love Letters was written based on the letters between Knighten and his first wife during World War II. Knighten's contributions to aviation were memorialized as part of the Black Americans in Flight mural at the Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, which opened on August 13, 1990.
Awards[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Gubert, Betty Kaplan; Miriam Sawyer; Caroline M. Fannin (2002). Distinguished African Americans in Aviation and Space Science. Westport, CT: Oryx Press. pp. 188. ISBN 1-57356-246-7. https://archive.org/details/distinguishedafr00gube/page/188.
- Francis, Charles E. (1997). Caso, Adolph. ed. The Tuskegee Airmen: the Men who Changed a Nation. Boston, Massachusetts: Branden Publishing Co.. p. 430. ISBN 978-0-8283-2029-0. https://archive.org/details/tuskegeeairmenme00char/page/430.
- Homan, Lynn M. (2001). Black Knights: The Story of the Tuskegee Airmen. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Co.. p. 89. ISBN 1-56554-828-0.
- "Former Tuskegee Airman, comic Knighten dies at 80". 15 November 2000. http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2000/nov/15/former-tuskegee-airman-comic-knighten-dies-at-80/. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Francis, Charles E. (1997). Adolph Caso. ed. The Tuskegee airmen : the men who changed a nation (4th ed.). Boston: Branden. p. 336. ISBN 978-0-8283-2029-0. https://archive.org/details/tuskegeeairmenme00char/page/336.
- Gubert, Betty Kaplan; Miriam Sawyer; Caroline M. Fannin (2002). Distinguished African Americans in Aviation and Space Science. Westport, CT: Oryx Press. pp. 189. ISBN 1-57356-246-7. https://archive.org/details/distinguishedafr00gube/page/189.
- "Tuskegee Airmen Pilot Listing". Tuskegee University. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131203000349/http://www.tuskegee.edu/about_us/legacy_of_fame/tuskegee_airmen/tuskegee_airmen_pilot_listing.aspx. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Gubert, Betty Kaplan; Miriam Sawyer; Caroline M. Fannin (2002). Distinguished African Americans in Aviation and Space Science. Westport, CT: Oryx Press. pp. 190. ISBN 1-57356-246-7. https://archive.org/details/distinguishedafr00gube/page/190.
- Jefferson, Alexander (2005). Carlson, Lewis H.. ed. Red Tail captured, Red Tail free : memoirs of a Tuskegee airmen and POW. Fordham University Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8232-2366-4.
- Wright, John A. (2002). Discovering African American St. Louis : A Guide to Historic Sites. St. Louis, Missouri: Missouri Historical Society Press. p. 267. ISBN 1-883982-45-6.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Moye, J. Todd (2010). Freedom flyers : the Tuskegee Airmen of World War II. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-1998-9655-4. https://archive.org/details/freedomflyerstus0000moye.
- Russell, Kim (2012). Tuskegee Love Letters. 702 Entertainment LLC. ISBN 978-0-6155-9154-4.
Photographs[edit | edit source]
- James B. Knighten With P-40 Warhawk, Langley Field, ca. 1943 (Illinois Heartland Library System)
- 99th Fighter Squadron Pilot Bernard Knighten in Licata, Sicily, ca. 1943 (Illinois Heartland Library System)
- James Bernard Knighten, Licata, Sicily, ca. 1943 (Illinois Heartland Library System)
- Bernard "Eel" Knighten, North Africa, ca. 1943 (Illinois Heartland Library System)
Videos[edit | edit source]
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Tuskegee Airmen at Tuskegee University
- Tuskegee Airmen Archives at the University of California, Riverside Libraries.
- Tuskegee Airmen, Inc.
- Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)
- Tuskegee Airmen National Museum
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