|Jan Kirwyn de Mieszkowski|
|Born||March 30, 1744|
|Died||February 27, 1819 (age 75)|
|Place of birth||Karczew, Poland|
|Place of death||Wassy, France|
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Kingdom of France |
From 1780-1783 he participated in the Revolutionary War as the captain of the 2nd volunteer squadron of Duke de Lauzun's Volontaires Etrangeres de la Marine, later known as Lazun's Legion. The legion engaged in several minor actions while assigned picket duty for Rochambeau's army stationed in Newport, Rhode Island, later joining the Expédition Particulière. Lazun's Legion served with distinction during the Siege of Yorktown, wounding notorious British officer Banastre Tarleton during a battle at Gloucester Point. After the battle, the Legion was headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware in 1782.
Eventually Mieskowski returned to France. By 1792 he had been promoted to the rank of Marshal in the Army of the Rhine. In April 1793 he participated in the Italian Campaign during the War of the First Coalition.
A few months later he was assigned, but as a lower rank (Brigadier General), as commander of the Sables d'Olonne Division in the La Rochelle Coast Army. On August 26, 1793, the division under his command repulsed the attack of the Vendeeans commanded by François de Charette at La Roche-sur-Yon, but on September 22 was routed at the Battle of Saint-Fulgent by forces commanded by de Charette and Louis-Marie de Lescure.
- Bryk, Andrzej (2008). Krakowskie Studia Międzynarodowe 2008/1: The United States, the European Union and Modernity. pp. 366.
- Kléber, Jean-Baptiste (1989). Mémoires politiques et militaires 1793-1794. Librairie Jules Tallandier. pp. 273.
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