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Japanese destroyer Hatakaze
Japanese destroyer Hatakaze Taisho 14.jpg
Hatakaze off Mako, 1924
Career Naval Ensign of Japan.svg
Name: Hatakaze
Owner: Empire of Japan
Operator: Imperial Japanese Navy
Builder: Maizuru Naval Arsenal, Japan
Yard number: Destroyer No. 9
Laid down: July 3, 1923
Launched: March 15, 1924
Commissioned: August 30, 1924
Renamed: as Hatakaze August 1, 1928
Struck: March 10, 1945
Fate: sunk in combat January 15, 1945
General characteristics
Class & type: Kamikaze-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,400 long tons (1,400 t) normal,
1,720 long tons (1,750 t) full load
Length: 97.5 m (320 ft) pp,
102.6 m (337 ft) overall
Beam: 9.1 m (30 ft)
Draught: 2.9 m (9.5 ft)
Propulsion: 2 shafts
4 x Ro-Gō Kampon water-tube boilers
2 x Parsons geared turbines
38,500 ihp (28,700 kW)
Speed: 37.25 knots (69 km/h)
Range: 3,600 nautical miles (6,700 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 168
Armament: 3 ×Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval gun
10 × Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Guns
4 × 21 inch torpedo tubes
16 × naval mines
Service record
Operations: Battle of the Philippines
Battle of Sunda Strait

Hatakaze (旗風 ”Flag Wind”?)[1] was one of nine Kamikaze-class destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy following World War I. Advanced for their time, these ships served as first-line destroyers through the 1930s, but were considered obsolete by the start of the Pacific War.[2]

History[]

Construction of the large-sized Kamikaze-class destroyers was authorized as part of the Imperial Japanese Navy's 8-4 Fleet Program from fiscal 1921–1923, as a follow on to the Minekaze-class, with which they shared many common design characteristics.[3] Hatakaze, built at the Maizuru Naval Arsenal, was laid down on July 3, 1923, launched on March 15, 1924 and commissioned on August 30, 1924.[4] Originally commissioned simply as “Destroyer No. 9”, it was assigned the name Hatakaze on August 1, 1928.

World War II history[]

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hatakaze was part of Desron 5 under Destroyer Division 5 in the IJN 3rd Fleet, and deployed from Mako Guard District in the Pescadores as part of the Japanese invasion force for the "Operation M" (the invasion of the Philippines), during which time it helped screen landings of Japanese forces at Aparri.[5]

In early 1942, Hatakaze was assigned to escorting troop convoys to Singora, Malaya and French Indochina. Assigned to "Operation J" (the invasion of Java in the Netherlands East Indies), she participated at the Battle of Sunda Strait on March 1, 1942. During that battle, she launched torpedoes at the cruisers HMAS Perth (D29) and USS Houston (CA-30).[6]

From March 10, 1942 Hatakaze and Destroyer Division 5 were re-assigned to the Southwest Area Fleet and escorted troop convoy from Singapore to Penang, and Rangoon. From May 5, she was reassigned back to the Yokosuka Naval District, where it served as a guard ship in Tokyo Bay until September. On September 25, she escorted the aircraft carrier Unyō from Kure Naval Arsenal to Truk, and from there she escorted a convoys on to Rabaul and back to Palau, returning to Yokosuka on November 24 to resume her duties as a guard ship.[7]

However, on March 2, 1943, Hatakaze suffered an accidental explosion, which caused heavy damage to her stern. After repairs were completed, from October to December 1944, Hatakaze escorted convoys from Yokosuka to the Ogasawara Islands. In December, Hatakaze was reassigned to the IJN 5th Fleet, and on December 25 directly to the Combined Fleet.

At the end of December 1944, Hatakaze escorted a convoy from Moji, Kyūshū to Takao. While at Takao on January 15, Hatakaze was sunk in an air raid by United States Navy Task Force 38 carrier aircraft from USS Ticonderoga at position 22°40′N 120°14′E / 22.667°N 120.233°E / 22.667; 120.233Coordinates: 22°40′N 120°14′E / 22.667°N 120.233°E / 22.667; 120.233.

Hatakaze was struck from the navy list on March 10, 1945.[8]

Notes[]

  1. Nelson. Japanese-English Character Dictionary. Page 472, 480
  2. Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
  3. Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun.
  4. Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Kamikaze class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0421.htm. 
  5. Morison. The Rising Sun in the Pacific 1931 - April 1942.
  6. Dull. A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy
  7. Nevitt, Allyn D. (1997). "IJN Hatakaze: Tabular Record of Movement". Long Lancers. Combinedfleet.com. http://www.combinedfleet.com/hataka_t.htm. 
  8. Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Kamikaze class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0421.htm. 

References[]

  • Brown, David (1990). Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X. 
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941–1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Nelson, Andrew N. (1967). Japanese–English Character Dictionary. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0408-7. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (2000). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1967). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday. OCLC 1344405. 

External links[]


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