|Japanese submarine I-27|
|Career (Empire of Japan)|
|Commissioned:||Sasebo, Japan on February 24, 1942|
|Fate:||On February 12, 1944, the British Ships Paladin and Petard located the submarine and destroyed it with depth-charges, ramming, and torpedoes Coordinates:|
|Armament:||1 x 14 cm/40 11th Year Type naval gun|
On June 4, 1942, Iron Crown while en route Whyalla-Newcastle was torpedoed and sunk 44 miles SSW of Gabo Island by I-27. Thirty eight of her forty two crew were lost, with the survivors being picked up by SS Mulbera.
The sub's commander, Commander Fukumura, had a history of machine-gunning survivors of ships she had sunk, including the Liberty ship SS Sambridge and the Fort Mumford. The submarine torpedoed and sank the Allied steamship SS Khedive Ismail near the Maldives on February 12, 1944, killing 1,297 passengers and crew. After the attack, I-27 attempted to hide under the Ismail's survivors who were floating in the water. Nevertheless, the British destroyers HMS Paladin and Petard located the submarine and destroyed it with depth charges, ramming, and torpedoes at . Ninety-nine of I-27's crew were killed. One survivor was captured by the British.
Sources[edit | edit source]
- Hashimoto, Mochitsura (1954). Sunk: The Story of the Japanese Submarine Fleet 1942 – 1945. Colegrave, E.H.M. (translator). London: Cassell and Company. ASIN B000QSM3L0.
- Hackett, Bob; Sander Kingsepp (2003). "HIJMS Submarine I-27: Tabular Record of Movement". Sensuikan!. Combinedfleet.com. http://www.combinedfleet.com/I-27.htm. Retrieved 10 May 2009.
- Hackett, Bob; Sander Kingsepp (2003). "Type B1". Sensuikan!. Combinedfleet.com. http://www.combinedfleet.com/type_b1.htm. Retrieved 10 May 2009.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Campbell, John Naval Weapons of World War Two ISBN 0-87021-459-4 p.191
- "Broken Hill Proprietary". Mercantile Marine. http://sites.google.com/a/mercantilemarine.org/mercantile-marine/Fleets/australian-fleets/bhp. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Fort Ships K-S". Mariners. http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/FORT_K.html. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Santa Paula SP-1590". Navyhistory.com. http://www.historycentral.com/navy/patrol/santapaula.html. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
- "Indian Ocean – Red Sea 1943". U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged in South Atlantic, Indian Ocean and Red Sea During World War II. American Merchant Marine at War, www.usmm.org. https://www.usmm.org/satlantic.html. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
- Stone, Eric. "American-Hawaiian Steamship Co. in WWII". SS Arkansan. Eric Stone. https://sites.google.com/site/ssarkansan/home/american-hawaiian-in-wwii. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
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