|United States Senator|
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||George Allen|
|Succeeded by||Tim Kaine|
|United States Secretary of the Navy|
May 1, 1987 – February 23, 1988
|Preceded by||John Lehman|
|Succeeded by||William Ball|
|Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs|
May 3, 1984 – April 10, 1987
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Stephen Duncan|
|Born||James Henry Webb, Jr.|
February 9, 1946 (age 74)
St. Joseph, Missouri, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Barbara Samorajczyk (1968–1979)|
Jo Ann Krukar (1981–2006)
Hong Le Webb (2006–present)
|Alma mater||University of Southern California|
United States Naval Academy
|Signature||Jim Webb's signature|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1968–1972|
1st Battalion 5th Marines
Bronze Star (2)
Purple Heart (2)
James Henry "Jim" Webb, Jr. (born February 9, 1946) is a former United States Senator from Virginia. He is also an author and a former Secretary of the Navy. He is a member of the Democratic Party.
A 1968 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, Webb served as a Marine Corps infantry officer until 1972, and is a highly decorated Vietnam War combat veteran. During his four years with the Reagan administration, Webb served as the first Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs, then as Secretary of the Navy.
Webb won the Democratic nomination for the 2006 Virginia Senate race by defeating Harris Miller in the primary, then won the general election by defeating the Republican incumbent George Allen. Webb's thin margin in the general election (less than 0.5%) kept the outcome uncertain for nearly two days after polls closed on November 7, 2006, and provided the final seat that tilted the Senate to Democratic control. On his sixty-fifth birthday, he announced that he would not seek re-election in 2012, saying that he did not want to spend his whole life in politics, and that he wanted to return to the private sector.
Webb is also an author of many books, stating that "I've written for a living all my life, so writing is as much a part of me as working out."
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Awards and decorations
- 3 Post-military career
- 4 United States Senate
- 5 2008 Vice presidential speculation
- 6 As an author
- 7 Election history
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Life and career[edit | edit source]
Early life[edit | edit source]
Webb was born in Saint Joseph, Missouri, to James Henry Webb, and his wife, Vera Lorraine (Hodges). He grew up in a military family. Webb is descended from Scots-Irish immigrants from Ulster who emigrated in the 18th century to the British North American colonies. Webb's 2004 book Born Fighting: How the Scots-Irish Shaped America details his family history, noting that his ancestors fought in every major American war.
Webb's father, a career officer in the U.S. Air Force, flew B-17s and B-29s during World War II, and dropped cargo during the Berlin Airlift. After developing an inner ear disorder, Meniere's Disease, which grounded him as a pilot, he became a pioneer in the Air Force missile programs. He later served as the Commanding Officer of the 1001st Missile Squadron at Vandenberg Air Force Base. He is buried at the Arlington National Cemetery.
Education[edit | edit source]
Due to his father's military career, Webb grew up on the move, attending more than a dozen schools across the U.S. and in England. After graduating from high school in Bellevue, Nebraska, he attended the University of Southern California on a Navy Reserve Officer Training Corps scholarship from 1963–1964 (and was a member of Delta Chi). In 1964, Webb earned appointment to the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. At Annapolis, Webb was a member of the Brigade Honor Committee. He also won a varsity letter for boxing, at one point fighting a match against Oliver North, which was won by North on decision. He graduated in 1968, in the same class with North, Dennis C. Blair, Michael Mullen, Charles Bolden and Michael Hagee.
Personal life[edit | edit source]
Webb has been married three times, has four grown children, as well as a young child with his current wife Hong Le, and is stepfather to Le's daughter Emily from a previous marriage.
His first marriage was to Barbara Samorajczyk, a member of the Anne Arundel County, Maryland Council. They divorced in 1979. They have one daughter, Amy Webb Hogan, who was eight at the time of the divorce. (His daughter, Amy, is not the same as this Amy Webb.) 
His second marriage was to health-care lobbyist Jo Ann Krukar in 1981 who also assisted in his 2006 Senate campaign. They have three children: Sarah, Jimmy, and Julia. Jimmy Webb is a rifleman and Sergeant in the United States Marine Corps, and served a tour in Iraq with Weapons Company, 1st Battalion 6th Marines. In tribute to Jimmy Webb and "all the people sent into harm's way", Webb wore his son's old combat boots every day during his 2006 Senate campaign.
Webb is married to Hong Le Webb, a Vietnamese-American securities and corporate lawyer, twenty-two years his junior. Hong Le Webb was born in South Vietnam and escaped to the United States when she was seven after the fall of Saigon. She grew up in New Orleans, Louisiana. They first met in 1994 and started dating in 2002 when both were separated from their previous spouses. They married in October 2006. Hong Le and Jim Webb have one child together, Georgia LeAnh, born December 2006. Hong Le Webb also has a daughter from a previous marriage. Jim Webb speaks Vietnamese.
Military service[edit | edit source]
After graduating from Annapolis, Webb was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps. As a first lieutenant during the Vietnam War he served as a platoon commander with Delta Company, 1st Battalion 5th Marines. He earned a Navy Cross, the second highest decoration in the Navy and Marine Corps for heroism in Vietnam. Webb also earned the Silver Star, two Bronze Stars, and two Purple Hearts.
Awards and decorations[edit | edit source]
Known decorations and medals include:
|Navy Cross||Silver Star||Bronze Star||Purple Heart|
Webb received the Navy Cross for actions on July 10, 1969. The citation read:
|“||The Navy Cross is presented to James H. Webb, Jr., First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while serving as a Platoon Commander with Company D, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, First Marine Division (Reinforced), Fleet Marine Force, in connection with combat operations against the enemy in the Republic of Vietnam. On July 10, 1969, while participating in a company-sized search and destroy operation deep in hostile territory, First Lieutenant Webb's platoon discovered a well-camouflaged bunker complex that appeared to be unoccupied. Deploying his men into defensive positions, First Lieutenant Webb was advancing to the first bunker when three enemy soldiers armed with hand grenades jumped out. Reacting instantly, he grabbed the closest man and, brandishing his .45 caliber pistol at the others, apprehended all three of the soldiers. Accompanied by one of his men, he then approached the second bunker and called for the enemy to surrender. When the hostile soldiers failed to answer him and threw a grenade that detonated dangerously close to him, First Lieutenant Webb detonated a claymore mine in the bunker aperture, accounting for two enemy casualties and disclosing the entrance to a tunnel. Despite the smoke and debris from the explosion and the possibility of enemy soldiers hiding in the tunnel, he then conducted a thorough search that yielded several items of equipment and numerous documents containing valuable intelligence data. Continuing the assault, he approached a third bunker and was preparing to fire into it when the enemy threw another grenade. Observing the grenade land dangerously close to his companion, First Lieutenant Webb simultaneously fired his weapon at the enemy, pushed the Marine away from the grenade, and shielded him from the explosion with his own body. Although sustaining painful fragmentation wounds from the explosion, he managed to throw a grenade into the aperture and completely destroy the remaining bunker. By his courage, aggressive leadership, and selfless devotion to duty, First Lieutenant Webb upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and of the United States Naval Service.||”|
In a November 19, 2006 appearance on Meet the Press, Webb told host Tim Russert, "I’m one of these people who – there aren’t many of us – who can still justify for you the reasons that we went into Vietnam, however screwed up the strategy got."
Post-military career[edit | edit source]
Webb attended Georgetown Law Center from 1972 to 1975, graduating with a Juris Doctor degree. While at Georgetown, Webb wrote his first book, Micronesia and U.S. Pacific Strategy.
From 1977 to 1981, Webb worked on the staff of the House Committee on Veterans Affairs. During this time, he also represented veterans pro-bono. Webb also taught at the Naval Academy and was criticized for a 1979 article published in the Washingtonian titled "Women Can't Fight" (see "Senate Election" below).
During the Reagan Administration, Webb served as the nation's first Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs from 1984 to 1987. During his time as Assistant Secretary, Webb sought to reorganize the Marine Corps. He was gravely concerned with the disarray the Marines had fallen into post-Vietnam: drug use, racial infighting, and low morale within the Corps left him with the impression it was no longer America's premier fighting force. The Marine Corps was also rocked by two scandals during this time: the Clayton Lonetree espionage affair, where Lonetree became the first Marine convicted of espionage, and Marine Lt. Colonel Oliver North's central role in the Iran-Contra affair.
In 1987, he served as Secretary of the Navy, becoming the first Naval Academy graduate to serve as the civilian head of the Navy. As Navy Secretary, Webb pushed the appointment of Alfred M. Gray, Jr. as Commandant of the Marine Corps, hoping that Gray could reshape the Corps into the elite unit it once was. Webb resigned in 1988 after refusing to agree to reduce the size of the Navy. Webb had wished to increase the Navy to 600 ships. As revealed in The Reagan Diaries, President Ronald Reagan wrote on February 22, 1988: "I don't think Navy was sorry to see him go."
After his resignation, Webb earned his living primarily as an author and filmmaker. He won an Emmy Award for his 1983 PBS coverage of the U.S. Marines in Beirut.
Among Webb's awards for community service and professional excellence are the Department of Defense Distinguished Public Service Medal, the Medal of Honor Society's Patriot Award, the American Legion National Commander's Public Service Award, the Veterans of Foreign Wars Media Service Award, the Marine Corps League's Military Order of the Iron Mike Award, the John H. Russell Leadership Award, and the Robert L. Denig Distinguished Service Award
In a 1990 New York Times opinion piece, Webb opposed further U.S. military escalation in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield citing lack of a coherent strategy and consent from the United States Congress. He also warned against a permanent military presence in the Middle East. Seven months before the beginning of the 2003 Iraq War, Webb wrote an essay for the Washington Post in which he
|“||questioned whether an overthrow of Saddam would “actually increase our ability to win the war against international terrorism” and pointed out that the measure of military success can be preventing wars and well as fighting them. He charged, “those who are pushing for a unilateral war in Iraq know full well that there is no exit strategy if we invade.” He concluded, “the Iraqis are a multiethnic people filled with competing factions who in many cases would view a U.S. occupation as infidels invading the cradle of Islam. … In Japan, American occupation forces quickly became 50,000 friends. In Iraq, they would quickly become 50,000 terrorist targets.”||”|
During the 2004 presidential campaign, Webb wrote an op-ed piece for USA Today in which he, as a military veteran, evaluated the candidacies of John Kerry and George W. Bush. He criticized Kerry for the nature of his opposition to the Vietnam War in the 1970s while affiliated with the Vietnam Veterans Against the War, and accused Bush of using his father's connections to avoid service in Vietnam. Webb also wrote that Bush had "committed the greatest strategic blunder in modern memory" with the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Webb supported Nebraska Senator Bob Kerrey's campaign for the 1992 Democratic presidential nomination. He endorsed incumbent Democrat Charles Robb for reelection to his Senate seat, over Webb's former Naval Academy classmate and fellow Marine Oliver North, in 1994. Webb subsequently endorsed Republican George Allen over Robb in 2000, and then ran against Allen himself in 2006.
United States Senate[edit | edit source]
2006 Senate campaign[edit | edit source]
In late 2005, a campaign to draft Webb to run for the Senate in 2006 began on the internet, promoted by netroots activists such as those at the blog Raising Kaine. On February 7, 2006, he announced that he would seek the Democratic nomination for the 2006 Senate race against incumbent Virginia Senator George Allen.
Webb benefited from the fallout from an August 11, 2006 incident in which Allen used the word macaca to refer to S.R. Sidarth, who was filming an event as a "tracker" for the Webb campaign. A poll the following week showed Webb gaining 10 percentage points. The race, which at one point looked like a sure win for Allen, became one of the most watched and closest races of the 2006 elections.
Allen had been expected to be reelected relatively easily, and that this reelection would prepare him for a possible 2008 Presidential candidacy. But Webb's entry into the race and primary victory changed the political landscape. Political analyst Larry Sabato said in May that "Jim Webb is George Allen's worst nightmare: a war hero and a Reagan appointee who holds moderate positions… Allen tries to project a Reagan aura, but Webb already has it." In September, Bloomberg.com's Catherine Dodge wrote an article highlighting Webb and the Senate race, and said "Webb isn't a typical Democrat. His family hails from the rural southern part of the state. He's pro-gun ownership, and he takes a harder line on illegal immigration than many Senate Republicans."
On September 7, 2006, Webb released his first television advertisement, which included footage of a 1985 speech by Ronald Reagan that praised Webb's service as a Marine. The next day, the Chief of Staff for the Reagan Library wrote Webb's campaign on behalf of former first lady Nancy Reagan, urging them not to air the advertisement saying it was neither fair nor respectful because it gave the impression of an endorsement. The Webb campaign disagreed, saying, "What Reagan said about Jim Webb, that belongs to Jim Webb, frankly." The library said they ask all candidates to refrain from using the former president's image but declined to say if they would request the Allen campaign to remove the image of Reagan used on his campaign website.
Five female graduates of the United States Naval Academy held a press conference, decrying a 1979 article by Webb, titled "Women Can't Fight." The women said Webb's article contributed to an atmosphere of hostility and harassment towards women at the academy. Webb was later endorsed by nine military women who stated that Webb is a "man of integrity" who "recognizes the crucial role that women have in the military today."
In October 2006, the Allen campaign issued a press release quoting several passages from Webb's novels with sexual content, including graphic references to female anatomy and purported pedophilia, homosexuality and incest, citing a passage in which a Southeast Asian father ritually places the penis of his young son in his mouth. The press release said that the passages showed a "continued pattern of demeaning women". Allen's campaign refused to tell a local radio news station, WTOP-FM, whether it in fact had issued a news release on the matter.
On November 9, 2006, after AP and Reuters projected that Webb had won the seat, Allen conceded the election. Although the margin was narrow – less than half of 1% of the total vote and therefore small enough under Virginia law to allow demanding a recount – Allen stated that he would not challenge the result.
Webb, as a Democratic veteran challenger, was also considered one of the Fighting Dems.
Senator-elect[edit | edit source]
That same day, an op ed authored by Webb appeared in the pages of the Wall Street Journal. Titled "Class Struggle," the piece addressed what Webb feels is a growing economic inequality in the United States, touching on what he feels are overly permissive immigration policies, extravagant executive compensation, the detrimental effects of free trade and globalization, iniquitous tax cuts, and speedily rising health care costs, and attacking the "elites" who he says perpetuate the aforementioned woes for their personal economic gain.
Tense exchange with President Bush[edit | edit source]
On November 28, 2006, at a White House reception for those newly elected to Congress, Webb declined to stand in the line to have his picture taken with the president, whom Webb often criticized during the campaign. The president approached Webb later and asked him, "How's your boy?", referring to Webb's son, a Marine serving in Iraq. Webb replied "I'd like to get them out of Iraq, Mr. President." Bush responded, "That's not what I asked you. How's your boy?" Webb responded, "That's between me and my boy, Mr. President." The Hill cited an anonymous source who claimed that Webb was so angered by the exchange that he confessed he was tempted to "slug" the president. Webb later remarked in an interview, "I'm not particularly interested in having a picture of me and George W. Bush on my wall."
In response to the incident, some conservatives criticized Webb, including George Will, who called Webb a "boor" and wrote, "[Webb] already has become what Washington did not need another of, a subtraction from the city's civility and clear speaking." Others, such as conservative columnist and former Reagan speechwriter Peggy Noonan, reserved their criticism for Bush, writing: "I thought it had the sound of the rattling little aggressions of our day, but not on Mr. Webb's side."
Webb was asked about the exchange in a January 4, 2007 appearance on Hardball with Chris Matthews. He told Matthews:
- "My feeling about that – first of all, it's been kind of a bit overblown. But I think when people are now seeing how John McCain is handling the situation with his son being in the Marine Corps, perhaps they can understand a little bit more what I was having to go through during the entire campaign. I greatly respect my son‘s service and all of the people who are serving. At the same time, I have not commented, even to many of my friends, about the operational side. That‘s personal to me in terms of my feelings about it. And it was not a casual comment. As I said in the piece that you just ran, I think the best article that was written on that was by Peggy Noonan in the Wall Street Journal when she basically said that the lack of civility was not mine and I feel that way."
After his son returned from Iraq, Webb "buried the hatchet" with the president by setting up a private chat with his son, the president, and himself in the Oval Office.
110th Congress[edit | edit source]
Webb’s first legislative act was to introduce a bill, the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act, to expand benefits for military families. The act replaces key provisions of the Montgomery G.I. Bill for recent veterans and “makes veterans benefits identical to those soldiers received following World War II.” “With many of our military members serving two or three tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is past time to enact a new veterans’ education program modeled on the World War II era G.I. bill. This is exactly what our legislation does.” Webb said. It became law on June 30, 2008, as part of the Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2008.
In a January 4, 2007, appearance on The Situation Room, Webb articulated his position on the Iraq War: "What we really need to do is to get into the arena where we can talk about a strategy, talk about the pluses and the minuses of the Baker-Hamilton Commission and work toward a solution that, on the one hand, will allow us to remove our combat troops, but on the other, will increase the stability of the region, allow us to continue to fight against international terrorism and allow us, as a nation, to address our strategic interests around the world. And this is – this is one of the drawbacks that we've had with so many troops having been put into this constant rotational basis inside one country when we have a war against international terrorism that's global."
Asked by Wolf Blitzer if he would ever support the efforts of Dennis Kucinich to cut funding for the war, Webb said, "I – you know, I lived through Vietnam. I lived through it as a Marine and I know that those sorts of approaches, while they seem attractive on one level are really not that realistic. What we want to do – and I was talking with a number of senators today – is to try to get some of these so-called emergency legislation packages back into the committee process so that the committees can actually play."
On January 23, 2007, Webb delivered the Democratic response to the President's State of the Union address, focusing on the economy and Iraq. Webb's speech drew positive reviews, and was regarded as one of the stronger State of the Union responses in recent memory. Webb, a decorated war veteran spoke of his family’s military past, his own passionate attachment to the military, and the way in which previous presidents had always attempted to ensure that all precautions had been taken when sending young Americans into harm's way.
On March 5, 2007, Webb introduced his second piece of legislation, S. 759, intended to prohibit the use of funds for military operations in Iran without the prior approval of Congress. In a statement on the floor of the Senate, Webb said, "The major function of this legislation is to prevent this Administration from commencing unprovoked military activities against Iran without the approval of the Congress. The legislation accomplishes this goal through the proper constitutional process of prohibiting all funding for such an endeavor."
On March 26, 2007, a senatorial aide of Webb, Phillip Thompson, was arrested for carrying Webb's loaded pistol as he entered the Russell Senate Office Building and for carrying unregistered ammunition. The weapon was discovered when Thompson went through an X-ray machine with a briefcase that contained a loaded pistol and two additional loaded magazines. Charges against the aide were dismissed after prosecutors concluded it could not be proved beyond a reasonable doubt that Thompson was aware that the gun and ammunition were in the briefcase. Webb responded to his aide's arrest by reiterating his support for gun-owners' rights:
"I’m a strong supporter of the Second Amendment; I have had a permit to carry a weapon in Virginia for a long time; I believe that it’s important; it’s important to me personally and to a lot of people in the situation that I’m in to be able to defend myself and my family."
2009 visit to Southeast Asia[edit | edit source]
On August 14, 2009 Webb visited Myanmar (Burma), seeing its junta's leader, Gen. Than Shwe and also the pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who was under house arrest. During Webb's visit with Than Shwe, Webb negotiated the release and deportation of an imprisoned American, John Yettaw.
Webb visited Vietnam as part of a two-week trip to five Southeast Asian countries. The Senator, who serves as chair of the Senate Foreign Relation’s subcommittee on East Asia and Pacific Affairs, stopped in Hanoi, Da Nang, and Ho Chi Minh City on August 19, where he met government officials, business leaders, and friends from his past involvement in US-Vietnamese relations. Webb, who can speak Vietnamese, has had a continuous involvement in Asian and Pacific affairs that long predates his time in the Senate. In addition to his more recent visits as a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Webb has worked and traveled throughout this vast region, from Micronesia to Burma, for nearly four decades, as a Marine Corps officer, a defense planner, a journalist, a novelist, a Department of Defense executive, and as a business consultant. He worked in the 1990s as a consultant for companies attempting to do business in Vietnam.
Criminal Justice Commission Act of 2009[edit | edit source]
On March 26, 2009, Webb filed the Criminal Justice Commission Act of 2009 (SB 714), which would create a blue ribbon commission to reevaluate the criminal justice system and drug policy and make recommendations for reform. Noting that the United States houses 25% of the world's inmates despite having only 5% of the world's population, Webb proposed a comparison between U.S. incarceration policies and those of other developed nations. At a United States Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs hearing, Webb described the criminal justice system as being in "...a profound, deeply corrosive crisis that we have largely been ignoring at our peril." He also criticized the lack of standards in prison administration and highlighted the justice system's negative impact on communities. The subcommittee chairman, Sen. Arlen Specter (D-PA), expressed support for the bill at the hearing and indicated his intent to move the bill to the full United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary. As of December 5, 2009, the bill had 35 cosponsors.
In the fall, an amendment to SB 714 was proposed by Sen. Charles Grassley (R-IA) that would have prohibited the commission created by the bill from discussing or recommending the decriminalization or legalization of any substance prohibited under the Controlled Substances Act. The proposed amendment drew criticism from some in the online community and was perceived as an attempt at censorship. Grassley later rescinded the amendment and claimed in a Des Moines Register op-ed he had proposed it to "start a debate on this important issue."
SB 714 passed the Senate Judiciary Committee by a voice vote on January 21, 2010.
Engagement with Vietnam on rights[edit | edit source]
On January 27, 2010, Webb condemned Vietnam's jailing of four dissidents but urged the Obama administration not to isolate the communist nation. Webb voiced concern about Vietnam's jailing of the four dissidents for subversion in a day-long trial the previous week. "The arrest and trial of these individuals illustrates the growing pressure in Asia towards government censorship and authoritarian control," said Webb, "Rather than isolate Vietnam for its actions, I encourage the Obama administration to continue to raise issues of freedom of association and rule of law with the government of Vietnam."
Webb is a strong advocate of engagement with non-democratic states in Asia. He is the most prominent advocate in Congress for dialogue with military-run Myanmar, often pointing to Vietnam as an example of how US engagement can lead to greater openness. Vietnam sentenced the four democracy advocates to between five and 16 years in prison, a decision condemned by the United States and European Union.
Retirement[edit | edit source]
Committee assignments[edit | edit source]
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Committee on Veterans' Affairs
- Joint Economic Committee
2008 Vice presidential speculation[edit | edit source]
Webb was frequently mentioned as a possible Vice Presidential Democratic nominee for Barack Obama in 2008 due to his military experience and moderate policy positions. Although he said he was not interested in the vice presidency, speculations about him being picked by Obama, the presumptive Democratic nominee at the time, were still heard.
Some felt that Webb's commentary on women serving in the military (e.g., his article "Women Can't Fight") was a strong consideration as to his possible candidacy. His selection would have closely followed the somewhat divisive Democratic primary battle between Obama and Hillary Clinton, whose candidacy had received strong support from organized feminism, and who would have been the first female major party nominee for the presidency, had she won the nomination. This situation may have made the prospect of Webb as Obama's running mate entirely politically untenable, as it could have caused many Democratic Clinton supporters to balk at switching allegiance to Obama.
On July, 7, Webb effectively removed himself as a possible candidate for Vice President in a statement made to Time, stating that he intended to serve his term in the Senate and that "under no circumstances will I be a candidate for Vice President.” Obama went on to choose fellow senator Joe Biden as his running mate.
[edit | edit source]
Books[edit | edit source]
Webb's successful first novel, Fields of Fire (1978), drawn from personal experience, tells the story of a platoon of United States Marines in late 1960s Vietnam. Reviewers hailed its descriptions of infantry life and combat.
After five more novels, he wrote a work of nonfiction, Born Fighting: How the Scots-Irish Shaped America, tracing the role people of Scots-Irish ancestry have played in American history and culture. Webb argues that, contrary to the "cracker" and "redneck" stereotypes often applied to the Scots-Irish, many of whom settled in Appalachia, the American Midwest and the American South, the Scots-Irish were central to defining American working class values and culture. He lauds the fiercely independent streak and individualism of the Scots-Irish, and explains how their political pragmatism has often led them to play the role of swing voters in elections, for example as Reagan Democrats, and as voters for Ross Perot and Reform Party. Critics complain that errors in this book include incorrect time frames, omissions, misinterpretations (such as viewing the American Civil War as a continuation of the centuries-old Celtic-Saxon conflict), and bias stemming from Webb's feelings of persecution as a veteran of the Vietnam War.
Works[edit | edit source]
- Fields of Fire (1978) ISBN 0-553-58385-9
- A Sense of Honor (1981) ISBN 1-55750-917-4
- A Country Such as This (1983) ISBN 1-55750-964-6
- Something to Die For (1992) ISBN 0-380-71322-5
- The Emperor's General (1999) ISBN 0-553-57854-5
- Lost Soldiers (2002) ISBN 0-440-24091-3
- Born Fighting: How the Scots-Irish Shaped America (2004) ISBN 0-7679-1688-3
- A Time to Fight: Reclaiming a Fair and Just America (2008) ISBN 0-7679-2835-0
Movies[edit | edit source]
Warner Brothers acquired Webb's script for Whiskey River. The script concerns an American soldier who is injured in Iraq and returns to the United States. Before completing rehabilitation, he is called back to active duty. His father, in an attempt to save his son's life, kidnaps him.
In October 2006, while commenting on the need to break away from stereotypical movie villains, Webb stated, "[e]very movie needs a villain. Towel-heads and rednecks—of which I am one... became the easy villains in so many movies out there."
Articles[edit | edit source]
Webb has authored a number of articles in various journals and newspapers, including the Marine Corps Gazette, Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, USA Today, The New York Times, The Washington Post, and the Wall Street Journal.
On November 15, 2006, The Wall Street Journal published an article by Webb entitled "Class Struggle." Webb argued that the government must "confront the growing unfairness in this age of globalization." He also stated that the "elites" ignore the average American, and that they believe that "certain immigrant groups have the 'right genetics' and thus are natural entrants to the 'overclass,' while others, as well as those who come from stock that has been here for 200 years and have not made it to the top, simply don't possess the necessary attributes." Conservative columnist Jim Glassman has insinuated that this comment was anti-Semitic.
Election history[edit | edit source]
|Virginia U.S. Senate Election 2006|
|Independent Greens||Gail Parker||26,102||1.1|
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Colbert, Stephen. "Television Interview Recorded on 2008-07-21". Comedy Central. http://www.comedycentral.com/sitewide/video_player/view/colbert_vert/player.swf?videoId=176356. Retrieved 2008-07-23. [dead link]
- Reitwiesner, William Addams. "The Ancestors of James Webb". WARGS. http://www.wargs.com/political/webb.html.
- Argetsinger, Amy and Roxanne Roberts (December 12, 2006). "The Reliable Source". Washington Post. p. C03.
- The Nightingale's Song – Google Books. Google Books. 1996-09-11. ISBN 978-0-684-82673-8. http://books.google.com/?id=89xm-0eIfG8C&pg=PA306&lpg=PA306&dq=Jo+Ann+Krukar+divorce. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Barnes, Robert (June 8, 2006). "For Webb, Fighter is a Label that Sticks". Washington Post. p. Metro B01.
- Shear, Michael D. (September 1, 2006). "Webb Puts Family Before Parade". Washington Post. p. B05. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/31/AR2006083101642.html. Retrieved 2006-09-02.
- Toner, Robin (September 18, 2006). "As Senator Falters, a Democrat Rises in Virginia". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/18/us/politics/18webb.html?ex=1316232000&en=94a3c0a5790fdf40&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss. Retrieved 2006-10-28.
- Gowen, Annie (November 3, 2006). "Webb's Wife Steps Into Onstage Role, Denouncing Criticism of Va. Candidate". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/02/AR2006110201673_2.html. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- Born Fighting, Political Action Committee:Senator Jim Webb, Chair, www.bornfighting.com. Retrieved on 2009-07-22.
- Antle, W. James III (2006-06-19) A New Democrat, The American Conservative
- "US Marine Corps Awards – Vietnam". Full Text Citations for Vietnam War Awards of the Navy Cross. HomeofHeroes.com. Archived from the original on 2006-08-29. http://web.archive.org/web/20060829180040/http://www.homeofheroes.com/valor/1_Citations/07_RVN-nc/nc_19rvn_usmcS.html. Retrieved 2006-03-25.
- "MTP Transcript for November 19 His relatives are Marissa Margaret Webb, Ruth Webb, Cassandra Webb, and James Webb.". Meet the Press. MSNBC. November 19, 2006. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15751399/page/2/. Retrieved 2007-01-04.
- Webb, James H. (1974). Micronesia and U.S. Pacific strategy: a blueprint for the 1980s. New York: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-08940-1.
- Webb, James (November 1979). "Women Can't Fight". Washingtonian Magazine, Inc.. http://www.washingtonian.com/articles/mediapolitics/2182.html. Retrieved 2008-03-04.
- Ricks, Thomas E. (1997). Making the Corps. New York: Scribner. ISBN 0-684-83109-0.
- Reagan, Ronald (2007). The Reagan Diaries. HarperCollins. p. 580. ISBN 978-0-06-087600-5.
- Webb, Jim (September 23, 1990). "In the Gulf, the Danger of a Diplomatic Solution . . .; . . . And the Horrors of a Desert War". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1990/09/23/opinion/in-the-gulf-the-danger-of-a-diplomatic-solution-and-the-horrors-of-a-desert-war.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved January 29, 2010.
- McConnell, Scott (2006-12-04) Go Webb Go, The American Conservative
- Webb, James (2004-02-18). "Veterans face conundrum: Kerry or Bush?". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/opinion/editorials/2004-02-18-veterans-edit_x.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-29.
- "Six Veterans Bash North, Push Robb for Senate" Kent Jenkins Jr.. The Washington Post Washington, D.C.: October 8, 1994. pg. b.01
- "Can the Democrats Handle a Heretic?" Joe Klein. Time. New York: June 12, 2006. Vol. 167, Iss. 24; pg. 25
- Shear, Michael D. (2006-02-08). "Reagan Navy Secretary Will Run for U.S. Senate". Washington Post. p. B05. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/07/AR2006020701852.html. Retrieved 2006-10-29.
- "Official Results: Primary Election, June 13, 2006". Commonwealth of Virginia. http://sbe.virginiainteractive.org/june2006/d_025.htm. Retrieved 2006-06-19.
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- Dodge, Catherine (September 7, 2006). "Webb's Challenge to Allen Tests Strength of Anti-War Sentiment". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601070&sid=aSLJyqe6PWz8&refer=home. Retrieved September 11, 2006.
- Shear, Michael D. (September 8, 2006). "Television Ad Shows Reagan Praising Webb In 1985 Speech". The Washington Post. p. B08. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/07/AR2006090701596.html.
- Shear, Michael D. and Tim Craig (September 9, 2006). "Nancy Reagan Asks Webb to Pull Ad With Her Husband". The Washington Post. p. B01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/08/AR2006090801720.html. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- "Editorial: Let Reagan Be Reagan". Washington Post. September 15, 2006. p. A18. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/14/AR2006091401583.html.
- "Women Can't Fight". Washingtonian. November 1979. http://www.washingtonian.com/articles/mediapolitics/2182.html. Retrieved 2008-06-08.
- McLaughlin, Seth (October 18, 2006). "Military women support Webb as 'man of integrity'". Washington Times. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb5244/is_200610/ai_n19664250.
- "Allen's revenge: Exposes Underage Sex Scenes in Opponent's Novels". Drudge Report. Archived from the original on 2007-12-08. http://www.drudgereportarchives.com/data/2006/10/27/20061027_214424_flashaw.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-27.
- "Jim Webb Defends Content of His Novels". WTOP-FM. October 27, 2006. http://www.wtopnews.com/index.php?nid=213&sid=956260. Retrieved 2006-10-29.
- Maze, Rick (November 15, 2006). "Webb to serve on key Iraq-related Senate panels". Air Force Times. http://www.airforcetimes.com/story.php?f=1-292925-2358029.php.
- Webb, Jim (November 15, 2006). "Class Struggle: American workers have a chance to be heard". Wall Street Journal. http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110009246.
- Heil, Emily (November 29, 2006). "Son also rises in testy Webb-Bush exchange". The Hill. http://hill6.thehill.com/under-the-dome/son-also-rises-in-testy-webb-bush-exchange-2006-11-29.html. Retrieved 2006-12-02.
- Shear, Michael D. (November 29, 2006). "In Following His Own Script, Webb May Test Senate's Limits". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/28/AR2006112801582.html. Retrieved 2006-12-02.
- Will, George F. (November 30, 2006). "Already Too Busy for Civility". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/29/AR2006112901267.html. Retrieved 2006-12-06.
- Shear, Michael D. (December 2, 2006). "Remark By Webb Arouses Passions". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/01/AR2006120101205.html. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
- Noonan, Peggy (December 2, 2006). "Grace Under Pressure". The Wall Street Journal. http://www.opinionjournal.com/columnists/pnoonan/?id=110009321. (subscription required)
- "Hardball with Chris Matthews for January 4 [transcript"]. MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16485135/. Retrieved 2007-01-05.
- Kumar, Anita (March 21, 2008). "'Born Fighter' Settles Down To Collegial First Term – Sen. Webb Is a Surprise". Washington Post. p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/20/AR2008032003421.html. Retrieved 2008-05-11.
- "THE SITUATION ROOM". CNN. January 4, 2007. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0701/04/sitroom.04.html.
- "Webb's 'aggressive' Democratic response to Bush 'State of Union' speech [includes transcript of Webb's response"]. The Raw Story. January 23, 2007. http://www.rawstory.com/news/2007/Democratic_response_to_Bush_State_of_0123.html.
- Kurtz, Howard (January 25, 2005). "The Long Goodbye". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/blog/2007/01/25/BL2007012500416_4.html. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- "Senator Jim Webb Introduces Bill Prohibiting Use of Funds for Military Operations in Iran". Senator Jim Webb. 2007-03-05. http://www.webb.senate.gov/newsroom/record.cfm?id=270138. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- "Webb aide arrested for gun possession". March 26, 2007. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070326/ap_on_go_co/senate_arrest.
- Cauvin, Henri E. (April 28, 2007). "Prosecutors Drop Gun Case Against Webb Aide". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/27/AR2007042702138.html. Retrieved 2007-05-14.
- Gun arrest gives Webb political opening – Tom Curry – MSNBC.com
- "Senator wins release of US prisoner in Myanmar". August 15, 2009. http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hzXtyPYr-eVVrsJcBLfO_b_Nl3jQD9A3CL8G0.
- "TNS Jim Webb thăm Việt Nam" (in Vietnamese). BBC News. 2009.
- Smith, Jordan (March 27, 2009). Time to Fix Criminal Justice System. The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-12-5.
- Webb, Jim (March 29, 2009). Why We Must Fix Our Prisons. Parade. Retrieved 2009-12-5.
- Highlights of Judiciary Subcommittee Hearing on Sen. Webbs Criminal Justice Bill. (YouTube).
- THOMAS: S.714.
- Crippes, Christina. (November 9, 2009).Grassley proposing limits to federal drug study. The Hawk Eye Web Edition. Retrieved 2009-12-5.
- Grassley, Charles. (November 21, 2009). Guest column: Congress should debate drug policy. The Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2009-12-5.
- Webb Asks Obama to Engage Vietnam on Individual Rights
- Statement of Senator Webb on Conviction of Vietnamese Democracy Activists
- Murray, Shailagh (2007-10-28). "Webb Seen as a Potential 2008 Running Mate". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/27/AR2007102701155.html. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- "Why not both?". The Economist. 2008-05-22. http://www.economist.com/world/na/displaystory.cfm?story_id=11375813. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- Pomper, Gerald (2008-05-09). "Obama Should Pick Webb for Running Mate". Real Clear Politics. http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2008/05/obama_should_pick_webb_for_run.html. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
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- Turner, Trish; Oinounou, Mosheh (2008-05-22). "Obama, McCain Spar Over GI Bill’s Education Incentives". Fox News. http://elections.foxnews.com/2008/05/22/obama-mccain-spar-over-gi-bills-education-incentives/. Retrieved 2008-05-22. "I will not accept from Senator Obama, who did not feel it was his responsibility to serve our country in uniform, any lectures on my regard for those who did"
- "Veep Veep". National Journal. 2008-05-19. http://hotlineblog.nationaljournal.com/archives/2008/05/sunday_snapshot_42.html. Retrieved 2008-05-22.
- Tomasky, Michael (2008-05-28). "The Case for Webb". The Guardian. London. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2008/may/28/thecaseforwebb. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- "Cross Webb off Obama Veep List". Time. 2008-07-07. http://thepage.time.com/2008/07/07/cross-webb-off-obama-veep-list/. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
- "Reviving the Story-Telling Art". Time. October 30, 1978. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. https://archive.is/Q3S0E.
- Michael Newton, "Hitting Below the Belt: A Review Essay of 'Born Fighting'", History Scotland Magazine 2006 6(5): 46–49,
- Wray, James (August 29, 2005). "Warner Bros. drinks from Whiskey River". Monsters and Critics. http://movies.monstersandcritics.com/news/article_1044494.php/Warner_Bros._drinks_from_Whiskey_River. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- Copeland, Libby (October 18, 2006). "Don't Call Him Redneck: James Webb Hates the Expression, But Is Very Proud of the Culture". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/17/AR2006101701585_3.html. Retrieved 2006-10-21.
- "Articles Written by Jim Webb". jameswebb.com. Archived from the original on 2007-02-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20070202004623/http://www.jameswebb.com/articles/articles_main_page.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- Glassman, James K. (November 20, 2006). "The Class Struggle of Jim Webb". The American. http://www.american.com/archive/2006/november/the-class-struggle-of-jim-webb.
- Barakat, Matthew (November 10, 2006). "Virginia Sen. Allen Concedes Defeat". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/10/AR2006111000191.html. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- Nocera, Kate (November 6, 2012). "Virginia Senate election results 2012: Tim Kaine beats George Allen". Politico, LLC. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1112/83445.html. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jim Webb.|
|Wikiquote has media related to: Jim Webb|
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Official[edit | edit source]
- United States Senator Jim Webb Senate site
- 2007 Archived Senate Web Site part of Virginia's Political Landscape, 2007 Web Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- 2008 Archived Senate Web Site part of Virginia's Political Landscape, 2008 Web Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- 2009 Archived Senate Web Site part of Virginia's Political Landscape, 2009 Web Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- 2010 Archived Senate Web Site part of Virginia's Political Landscape, 2010 Web Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- 2006 Archived Campaign Web Site part of Virginia Statewide Election Campaign Web Sites, 2006 Archive Collection at Virginia Memory
- Webb for Senate campaign site
- Born Fighting PAC, Senator Jim Webb, Honorary Chair
- Jim Webb's Grassroots Myspace.com Page
- James Webb Enterprises
Resources[edit | edit source]
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Appearances on Charlie Rose
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Secretaries of the Navy official list
Articles[edit | edit source]
- Senator Jim Webb, Choosing His Battles, interview on Fresh Air, May 20, 2008
- West, Paul. "Jim Webb: No More Combat Boots", Washingtonian, February 1, 2008.
- Webb's Navy Cross citation
- Webb, James H. "The Price of Duty", PARADE Magazine, May 27, 2001. URL accessed December 29, 2005
- Webb, James. "Why You Need To Know The Scots-Irish", PARADE Magazine, October 3, 2004, adapted from his book Born Fighting. URL accessed April 27, 2010
- Webb, James. "Purple Heartbreakers, New York Times, January 18, 2006
- About James H. Webb, Jr., from the Naval Postgraduate School
- Interview on Comedy Central, The Colbert Report, March 8, 2006
- Jim Webb vs. George Allen Meet the Press, September 17, 2006
- Allen Blasts Webb Novels For Sex Scenes Michael D. Shear and Tim Craig, The Washington Post, October 28, 2006
- Wilder endorses Webb Caine O'Rear, Richmond.com, October 26, 2006
- Military women support Webb as 'man of integrity' Seth McLaughlin, The Washington Times, October 18, 2006
- An angry man catches America's mood The Times
- Jim Webb & Graham Greene: With a Vietnamese Baby on Your Mind
- Bad Manners Nora Ephron, Huffington Post, November 30, 2006
- Americans at War video
- The Jim Webb Story profile on Webb and review of A Time to Fight from The New York Review of Books
|United States Secretary of the Navy
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Virginia
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Virginia
Served alongside: John Warner, Mark Warner
|Virginia's delegation(s) to the 110th and 111th United States Congress (ordered by seniority)|
|111th||Senate: J. Webb | M. Warner||House: F. Wolf | R. Boucher | J. Moran | B. Goodlatte | R. Scott | E. Cantor | A. Forbes | R. Wittman | G. Nye | T. Perriello | G. Connolly|
|110th||Senate: J. Warner | J. Webb||House: F. Wolf | R. Boucher | J. Moran | B. Goodlatte | R. Scott | E. Cantor | A. Forbes | J. Davis | T. Davis | V. Goode | T. Drake | R. Wittman|
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