|Born||31 July 1896|
|Died||27 March 1962(aged 65)|
|Place of birth||Neuhof|
|Place of death||Koblenz|
German Empire (to 1918)|
Weimar Republic (to 1920)
Nazi Germany (to 1945)
|Years of service||
Oberleutnant of the Reserves|
|Commands held||ZG 26 "Horst Wessel"|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Joachim-Friedrich Huth (31 July 1896 – 27 March 1962) was a German soldier serving in the Luftstreitkräfte during World War I, in the Luftwaffe during World War II and Luftwaffe of the Bundeswehr in post World War II Germany. Huth retired from the military service in 1961 holding the rank of Generalleutnant.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Joachim-Friedrich Huth was born on 31 July 1896 in Neuhof and entered military service in the Imperial German Army shortly before the outbreak of World War I, on 13 July 1914. He was promoted to Leutnant on 4 January 1915 and served as platoon leader and company chief in the Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 58 (58th infantry regiment). He was injured three times. He transferred to the Luftstreitkräfte in June 1917 and claimed his first aerial victory on 28 January 1918. He was severely injured on 23 February 1918, losing his right lower leg. Huth was awarded both classes of the Iron Cross (1914) and the Knight's Cross to the House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords during the war.
Oberleutnant Huth left the military service after the war. The treaty of Versailles had imposed severe restrictions on Germany's military strength and had denied Germany an air force. With Adolf Hitler's rise to power and the remilitarisation of Germany, Huth reentered the military service of the Luftwaffe on 1 March 1934, holding the rank of Hauptmann. He became the Geschwaderkommodore of the Zerstörergeschwader 26 "Horst Wessel." Huth earned the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 11 September 1940 in this position for the successful leadership of his fighter wing in the Battle of France and Battle of Britain. In August, 1940, a military dispatch mentioned him by name for his wing's success in shooting down 51 enemy aircraft.
Generalleutnant Huth commanded various fighter divisions from 1942 until 1944 before taking command of the 1. Jagdkorps (1st Fighter Corps) on 26 January 1945. He held this position until the end of the war, when he was taken prisoner by the British forces. He was released in 1946.
In 1956 Huth joined the Bundeswehr after the remilitarisation of the Federal Republic of Germany, holding the rank of Generalmajor. He led the Luftwaffe school at Fürstenfeldbruck and, until his retirement, the Luftwaffengruppe Süd (Air Force Group South) in Karlsruhe. Huth retired on 30 September 1961 with a Großer Zapfenstreich (Grand Tattoo) holding the rank of Generalleutnant. Huth died half a year later on 27 March 1962 in Koblenz.
Awards[edit | edit source]
- Iron Cross (1914) 2nd and 1st Class
- Knight's Cross to the House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939) 2nd and 1st Class
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 11 September 1940 as Oberstleutnant and Geschwaderkommodore of ZG 26 "Horst Wessel"
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 19 August 1940
Reference in the Wehrmachtbericht[edit | edit source]
|Date||Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording||Direct English translation|
|Monday, 19 August 1940||An mehreren Stellen entwickelten sich heftige Luftkämpfe, in deren Verlauf unsere Zerstörer und Jäger dem Feind schwere Verluste beibrachten. Das Zerstörergeschwader "Horst Wessel" unter der Führung seines Kommodore, Oberstleutnant Huth, schoß allein an diesem Tage 51 Flugzeuge ab.||Heavy aerial battles broke out in many places. Our destroyers and fighters infringed heavy losses on the enemy during their course. The destroyer wing "Horst Wessel," under the leadership of their commodore, Oberstleutnant Huth, alone shot down 51 aircraft on this day.|
References[edit | edit source]
- Obermaier 1989, p. 138.
- Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 1, p. 282.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 412.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 239.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1941 – 1945]. Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- (in German) Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 1, 1 September 1939 to 31 December 1941]. München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2.
[edit | edit source]
Oberst Kurt-Bertram von Döring
|Commander of Zerstörergeschwader 26 Horst Wessel
14 December 1939 – 1 November 1940
Oberst Johann Schalk
Generalmajor Theo Osterkamp
|Commander of Jagdfliegerführer 2
1 August 1941 – 16 August 1942
Oberstleutnant Karl Vieck
|Commander of 4. Jagd-Division
17 August 1942 – 10 November 1943
Generalmajor Werner Junck
Oberst Harry von Bülow-Bothkamp
|Commander of 5. Jagd-Division
11 November 1943 – 5 February 1944
Generalmajor Karl Hentschel
|Commander of 7. Jagd-Division
6 February 1944 – 30 November 1944
Generleutnant Joseph Schmid
|Commander of 1. Jagd-Korps
30 November 1944 – 26 January 1945
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