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Joaquín Canaveris Esparza
Syndic of the Commerce Consulate of Buenos Aires

In office
1820–1824
Preceded by  ?
Succeeded by  ?
Personal details
Born Joaquín Joseph León Canaveris de Esparza
April 9, 1789
Buenos Aires, Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata
Died c.1840
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nationality Argentine
Political party Confederationist
Spouse(s) María Ana Bayá y Canaveris
Occupation Politician
militia
farmer
Profession Legal
Religion Catholicism
Military service
Allegiance Spain Spain — until 1810
Argentina United Provinces of the River Plate
Service/branch Creole militias
Argentine Army
Years of service 1806-1821
Rank Second Lieutenant
Unit Tercio de Vizcaínos
Battles/wars British invasions of the Río de la Plata

Joaquín Canaveris (1789–1840s) was an Argentine attorney, politician and military man. Among other public positions he served as consignee in The Consulate of Buenos Aires.[1] He had an active participation in the defense of Buenos Aires during the English invasions, serving as an Assistant in the battalion of Tercio de Vizcaínos.[2]

BiographyEdit

Canaveris was born in Buenos Aires, son of Juan Canaveris, born in Northern Italy, and Bernarda Catalina de Esparza, belonging to an old patrician family the city. He possibly studied in the Escuela Nacional de Náutica or Colegio Real de San Carlos, and studied law at the University of Córdoba.

VizcainosCastellanos-soldado-Liniers1807

Uniform belonging to the Third of Vizcaínos

In 1806 and 1807 Joaquín Canaveris had participated in the defense of Buenos Aires against the English invaders, serving as Adjutant in the 7th Company of Asturians, and taking part in the Combate de Miserere, under the Command of Captain Miguel Cuyar.[3] He served in the same company as his brother-in-law Fernando López Linera, a trader dedicated to exporting leather. His cousin or relative Martín Esparza, friar of Santo Domingo, was killed, during the assault of British troops to the convent.[4]

The Tercio de Vizcaínos, was created during the first Invasion. It was formed by five companies from Biscay and Navarre, two from Asturias, and one from Castilla la Vieja. During the second invasion the third of Viscaínos participated in the Combat of Miserere.[5]

In 1816, was created a civilian militia brigade, by order of the Supreme Director, being appointed to Joaquín Canaveris to serve as Second Lieutenant of the same. That same year, he was sworn as Alcalde of barrio, serving in the sector 4 ° of the neighborhood of the city.[6] During the colonial and post colonial period, the alcaldes administrators, fulfilled police functions, being the ones in charge of the surveillance of the city. These officers were escorted by a civic group of militia formed by some neighbors, being armed with carbines, pistols and bowie knives.[7]

Canaveris began working on administrative tasks in the Cabildo, and after the Declaration of Independence, he was appointed Alcalde in the neighborhood of Monserrat and San Nicolás, populated largely by traders of British and American origin.[8] During his term as alcalde had sent to jail to Joseph Thwaites, a famous English merchant, who had been accused of debts.[9]

In 1816, Joaquín Canaveris had worked at the consulate of Río de la Plata, in substitution of Juan Antonio Zemborain. At the consulate he had served with the Councilors Pastor Lezica, Francisco del Sar Arroyo and León Ortiz de Rozas.[10] That same year he adheres to Argentine Federalism,[11] and participated in the donations made for the reorganization of the Argentine Army, after the Battle of Sipe-Sipe in the Upper Peru.[12] Towards the year of 1823 he held the position of Syndic in the Consulate of Commerce of Buenos Aires.[13]

He had also served as conciliator and attorney in Buenos Aires. In 1824, he was legal representative of José Joaquín de La Serna, in the trial against Manuel de las Carreras, represented by Miguel Mármol.[14]

FamilyEdit

Joaquín Canaveris (Gazeta anuncio)

Sumaca nacional Carmen or Yacaré from the port Montevideo, with 6 drawers of tea, 10 pipes and 2 barrels of wine to the consignation of Joaquín Canaveris

Joaquín Canaveris (anuncio)

Announced sale of property published by the Gazeta de Buenos Ayres on March 31, 1819

Joaquín Canaveris and his family had an active participation in the economic activities in the Río de la Plata. In 1818, he was the owner of two farms possibly located in the town of San Nicolás de los Arroyos or San Antonio de Areco, north of Buenos Aires Province.[15]

In 1819, Joaquín Canaveris was married to his relative María Ana Bayá, daughter of Juan Bayá Más Rossel, born in Girona, and María Agustina Canaveris Esparza. His house was located between Colegio and San Francisco, a few meters from the house of Luis or Manuel de Gardeazábal, a relative of Agustín Wright.[16]

He served as executor of Mariano Olier, a priest, who was godfather of his brother Juan Miguel Canaveris (1778-1803). In 1821, Joaquín Canaveris was responsible for the sale of a property located in the town of Palermo, owned by the Presbyter José Díaz, his godfather.[17] Four years later, in 1825 he moved with his family to the city of San Isidro, place where he had his Hacienda.[18]

Towards 1840 Joaquín Canaveris and his family moved to the town of Carmen de Areco. His son, Adolfo Canavery, born on December 17, 1828, in Buenos Aires was Comisario of Areco, and served as Captain in the provincial militias of Salto in 1857.[19] His great granddaughter, María Elena Canavery, was married to Cornelio Casablanca, a manager of several banking branches in Argentina, including the Banco Español del Río de la Plata.[20]

Fortín areco 2

Joaquín Canavery in the edition of July 14, 1864 of the The Standard and River Plate News.

Joaquín Canavery Bayá, a godson of Miguel Cuyar, had an active political life in the Fortín de Areco area, where served as Intendent in 1856-1857, 1862 and 1880. His appointment at the head of the Areco government had been by decree signed by Dalmacio Vélez Sársfield.[21] Like his father he served the English-speaking community, of great abundance in the rural areas of the province of Buenos Aires. Exercising the position of judge of Areco, had to combat the illegal practice of medicine exercised by a group of healers of Irish or Scottish origin.[22]

In 1880, he communicated to Martin de Gainza, that they had begun the works destined to the collection funds for the acquisition of arms and costumes for the Fortín de Areco.[23] In addition to serving in the border militias, Joaquín Canavery was the municipal treasurer of Areco.[24] He was registered in the July 14, 1864 edition of the newspaper The Standard and River Plate News, where it is mentioned participating in the celebrations for the anniversary of the declaration of Independence of the Argentine Republic.[25] His brother Adolfo Canavery, was also registered in that newspaper in the edition of December 31, 1862, where he is mentioned as one of the members of the Municipal Council of Areco.[26]

His wife, María Ceballos, served as teaching in Escuela de niñas del Fortín de Areco, the first educational establishment for girls of the town of Areco (inaugurated in 1857).[27] She belonged to the family of Ramón Blanco (of Galician origin), alcalde of Areco in 1814.[28] The Canavery Ceballos family was linked to Miguel Duffy, a prominent politician of Carmen de Areco.[29] And of Baldomero Lamela, the husband of Elvira Canaveri Cevallos, an army officer who had participated in the Paraguayan War and the Conquest of the desert. Several great-grandchildren of Joaquín Canaveris and María Ana Bayá, were married to their relatives. In 1886, Saturnino Canaveri was married to Carmen Canavery, daughter of Adolfo and Carmen Martínez.[30] And Rebeca Rodríguez, daughter of Heraclio Rodríguez and Petrona Canavery Ceballos, who was married to Ricardo Patricio Bayá, son of Agustín Bayá and Elia Canaveris Gutiérrez.[31]

His descendants were linked to the families of Bartolomé Saravi, an distinguished Argentine army officer who had participated in the War of Independence,[32] and José Francisco de Ugarteche, a prestigious lawyer and politician of Paraguayan origin.[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Gaceta de Buenos Aires (1810–1821)". Companía sud-americana de billetes de banco. https://archive.org/stream/gazetadebuenosay00unk_6ea#page/116/mode/2up. 
  2. "Todo es historia, Issues 450-461". Todo es Historia, 2005. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=7ctoAAAAMAAJ&dq=Todo+es+historia%2C+canaveris&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=canaveris. 
  3. "Todo es historia, Issues 450–461". Todo es Historia, 2005. http://www.cronicasdelaemigracion.com/media/cronicas/books/6webloterciosespanolesenladefensadebuenosaires.pdf. 
  4. "Las Invasiones Inglesas". Isaac Pearson. https://archive.org/stream/lasinvasionesing00pear#page/214/mode/2up/search/esparza. 
  5. "Documentos para la historia de la vida pública del libertador, Volume 2". Argentina. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=sVn-8WO3dL0C&pg=PA98&dq=tercio+de+vizcainos+Combate+de+Miserere&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiCqoT0tPzZAhXGlZAKHQ4VB4AQ6AEIQTAG#v=onepage&q=tercio%20de%20vizcainos%20Combate%20de%20Miserere&f=false. 
  6. "Acuerdos del extinguido Cabildo de Buenos Aires, Volumen 7;Volumen 45". Archivo General de la Nación. http://dgcultura.legislatura.gov.ar/librosdigitalizados/015688_D.pdf. 
  7. "La Institución del Alcalde de Barrio". Sandra L. Díaz de Zappia. https://dialnet.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/4631185.pdf. 
  8. "Acuerdos del extinguido Cabildo de Buenos Aires". Archivo General de la Nación, 1934. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001875315. 
  9. "Los negocios del poder: reforma y crisis del estado, 1776–1826". Hugo R. Galmarini. http://catalogosuba.sisbi.uba.ar/vufind/Record/201603170443091759. 
  10. "El Consulado de Buenos Aires y sus proyecciones en la historia del Río de la Plata, Volumen 2". Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 1962. https://books.google.com/books?ei=NPl6UsrfGI7IsASrvYHoBw&id=EQAXAQAAMAAJ&dq=joaqu%C3%ADn+canaveris&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=canaveris. 
  11. "Boletín del Instituto de Historia Argentina y Americana "Doctor Emilio Ravignani"". Instituto de Historia Argentina y Americana "Doctor Emilio Ravignani. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000531136. 
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  13. "Historia del derecho argentino, Volumen 7 by Ricardo Levene". Editorial G. Kraft, 1952. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=lh0OAQAAIAAJ&q=joaquin+canaveris+historia+de+derecho&dq=joaquin+canaveris+historia+de+derecho&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiOpdSMn_XZAhVDfZAKHZvpBEAQ6AEIJjAA. 
  14. "De la Ría del Nervión al Río de la Plata: estudio histórico de un proceso migratorio, 1750–1850". Nora Siegrist de Gentile, Óscar Álvarez Gila. https://books.google.com.pk/books?id=b2kTAQAAIAAJ&q=joaquin+canaveris&dq=joaquin+canaveris&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjolpHB1pvLAhVDI5AKHfbHC2M4MhDoAQg4MAQ. 
  15. "Un modelo borbónico para defender la frontera? El presidio de Santa Elena". Fradkin, Raúl; Ratto, Silvia (Universidad Nacional de Rosario. http://rephip.unr.edu.ar/handle/2133/4710. 
  16. "Gaceta de Buenos Aires (1810–1821)". Gazeta de Buenos Ayres. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=Izg9AQAAIAAJ&dq=joaquin+canaveris+colegio+y+san+francisco&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=canaveris+colegio. 
  17. "El Argos de Buenos-Ayres". Argentina. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=eMNeAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA50&dq=canaberes&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjwx4bX8OzOAhWFhJAKHV1bDr0Q6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=Canaberes&f=false. 
  18. "Las Raices de San Isidro". Stella Maris De Lellis. https://books.google.com.pk/books?id=TJGgAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA33&dq=joaquin+canaveris&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjd0feR1YDLAhUHFJAKHXF9C34Q6AEIKDAB#v=onepage&q=joaquin%20canaveris&f=false. 
  19. "Registro Nacional de la República Argentina". Argentina. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.35112103915106;view=1up;seq=685. 
  20. "Anecdotario de Lisandro de la Torre y Debate sobre el comunismo". Edgardo Luis Amaral. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=v8poAAAAMAAJ&q=cornelio+casablanca+buenos+aires&dq=cornelio+casablanca+buenos+aires&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj_oJ7B7JPTAhWEk5AKHUVvDQUQ6AEIGDAA. 
  21. "Registro oficial de la provincia de Buenos Aires". Buenos Aires province. https://books.google.com.pk/books?id=FWAoAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA4&dq=joaquin+canaveri&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi6jJ3btsvKAhXCTZAKHa50DOMQ6AEIIzAA#v=onepage&q=joaquin%20canaveri&f=false. 
  22. "Historia de Carmen de Areco: 1771-1970". Oscar Ricardo Melli. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=WzoKAQAAIAAJ&q=historia+de+carmen+de+areco&dq=historia+de+carmen+de+areco&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwid0aT93-bTAhXFF5AKHdmODUYQ6AEIIDAA. 
  23. "Catálogo de documentos del Museo Histórico Nacional, Volume 3". República Argentina. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=9KhoAAAAMAAJ&q=joaquin+canavery&dq=joaquin+canavery&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwifm_KG0ebTAhXHIJAKHbsaCl84FBDoAQg1MAU. 
  24. "Monitor de la Campaña". Sitio Oficial de la Municipalidad de Exaltación de la Cruz.. http://www.capillaexaltacion.gov.ar/monitor/068-4.PDF. 
  25. "Great News from the Fortin". The Standard and River Plate News. http://repositorio.udesa.edu.ar/jspui/handle/10908/12280. 
  26. "Municipal Lists". The Standard and River Plate News. http://repositorio.udesa.edu.ar/jspui/bitstream/10908/12668/1/udesa_thestandard_1862_12_31.pdf. 
  27. "Memorias de los diversos departamentos de la administracion de la provincia de Buenos Aires". Buenos Aires Province. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=v4ivDaQljhgC&pg=PA39&dq=escuela+de+ni%C3%B1as+carmen+de+areco&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjh66e09-PSAhVDHJAKHbMEC0YQ6AEIHTAB#v=onepage&q=escuela%20de%20ni%C3%B1as%20carmen%20de%20areco&f=false. 
  28. "Historia de Carmen de Areco: 1771–1970". Archivo Histórico de la Provincia de Buenos Aires "Ricardo Levene", 1974. http://catalogosuba.sisbi.uba.ar/vufind/Record/KOHA-FCE-UBA:117135. 
  29. "Quien es quien en la Argentina:". G. Kraft, ltda.. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=OQA0AQAAIAAJ&q=Miguel+Duffy++Francisca+Magallanes&dq=Miguel+Duffy++Francisca+Magallanes&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjT1LTz5-HTAhUO72MKHVnyDt4Q6AEILDAC. 
  30. "Matrimonios 1886". Parroquia Inmaculada Concepción (Buenos Aires). https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939D-V7NR-V?i=470&wc=MDBV-J3D%3A311514201%2C311514202%2C313690101%3Fcc%3D1974184&cc=1974184. 
  31. Matrimonios 1910-1911. Nuestra Señora de Balvanera. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939Z-5497-11?mode=g&cc=1974184. 
  32. "Diario de sesiones de la Cámara de Senadores, Volume 1". Argentina. Congreso de la Nación. Senado de la Nación. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=V59GAQAAMAAJ&q=bartolom%C3%A9+saravi+buenos+aires&dq=bartolom%C3%A9+saravi+buenos+aires&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi1jb2B8rjRAhVJIJAKHVVCCNwQ6AEITzAJ. 
  33. "El poder legislativo de la nación argentina, Volume 1, Part 2". Carlos Alberto Silva, Argentina. https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=9wQpAQAAMAAJ&q=Jos%C3%A9+Francisco+de+Ugarteche&dq=Jos%C3%A9+Francisco+de+Ugarteche&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjnxcbZtLvRAhVDfZAKHezfD2o4ChDoAQhKMAk. 

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