Karl Ernst Job-Wilhelm von Witzleben (20 July 1783, in Halberstadt – 9 July 1837, in Berlin) was a Prussian lieutenant general, adjutant-general to the king, and minister of war.
Witzleben became a squire to King Frederick William II in 1793, and then an Ensign in the personal body guard in 1799. He became a Second Lieutenant in 1802, and was captured in the Battle of Jena in 1806, but was exchanged in August 1807. His work Ideas on the Reorganisation of the Light Infantry, caught the attention of Gerhard von Scharnhorst, so that he was transferred in December 1808 to the newly formed Garde-Jäger-Bataillon as a Stabskapitän. In early 1812 he was promoted to Major and fought on 2 May 1813 in the Battle of Lützen. During the war in France he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. In spring 1815 he joined the general staff of the army of Field Marshal Blücher and was then made a Colonel.
Having been made a Lieutenant General in 1821, he was appointed the successor of Minister of War Karl Georg Albrecht Ernst von Hake upon his resignation in 1833. He worked to integrate the standing army and the Landwehr. He also managed the introduction of the needle gun, and revised the military criminal code.
Job von Witzleben retired due to severe illness in 1835.
- Iron Cross, second (1813) and first class (1814)
- Order of the Red Eagle, third class (1817)
- Order of Stanislaus, first class (1818)
- Order of the Red Eagle, second class with oak leaf cluster (1820)
- Order of the Zähringer Lion (1822)
- Service Award Cross (1825)
- Commander of the Military William Order of the Netherlands (1825)
- Brilliant to the Order of Stanislaus, first class (1829)
- Star to the Order of the Red Eagle, second class (1830)
- Order of the Red Eagle, first class with oak leaf cluster (1832)
- Order of St. Alexander Nevsky (1834)
- Diamond to the Russian Order of Alexander Nevsky (1835)
- Ludwigsorden, Grand Cross (1835)
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- Wilhelm Dorow: Job von Witzleben, königl. Preuß. Kriegsminister. Mittheilungen desselben und seiner Freunde zur Beurteilung preuß. Zustände und wichtiger Zeitfragen. Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1842 (Digitalisat)
- Bernhard von Poten (1898). "Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB)" (in de). Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 675–677.
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