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Joel Abbot
Born (1793-01-18)January 18, 1793
Died December 14, 1855(1855-12-14) (aged 62)
Place of birth Westford, Massachusetts
Place of death Hong Kong
Allegiance Flag of the United States (1795-1818).svg United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service (1812-1855)
Rank USN cpt rank insignia Captain, Flag Officer
Commands held captured pirate ship Mariana (1818)
Boston Navy Yard (1838)
USS Decatur (1843)
USS Macedonian (1852)
Flag Officer, East India Squadron (1854)
Battles/wars War of 1812

Joel Abbot (January 18, 1793 – December 14, 1855) was a U.S. naval officer who served notably in the War of 1812, and commanded a squadron during Commodore Perry's 1852 visit to Japan.

Military careerEdit

Born in Westford, Massachusetts, Abbot entered the Navy as midshipman at the beginning of the War of 1812.[1] He served first on the frigate USS President and next on Lake Champlain with Commodore Macdonough, who, when he asked Abbot if he were ready to die for his country received the reply "Certainly, sir; that is what I came into the service for." Abbot was then ordered to enter the British lines as a spy and destroy a number of spars which had been stored at Sorel[citation needed]. For his success in this dangerous exploit, and for his bravery in the engagement at Cumberland Head on 11 September 1814, the young officer received a sword of honor from Congress and was commissioned a lieutenant. In 1818, he was given charge of the captured pirate ship Mariana. Abbot was promoted to commander in 1838, and the following year was given command of the Boston Navy Yard. In 1843 he took command of the sloop-of-war USS Decatur, one of Commodore Perry’s African squadron. On 3 October 1850, Abbot was promoted to captain. In 1852, when Commodore Perry was entrusted with power to select the officers to accompany him on his famous Japan expedition, he chose Captain Abbot in command of the sailing frigate USS Macedonian. In 1854, he was appointed Flag Officer of the East India Squadron. He died in Hong Kong in 1855.[2]

Family LifeEdit

He married Mary Wood in Jan. 1820. He later married Laura Wheaton on Nov. 29, 1825. He had 10 children.[3]

NamesakeEdit

Two ships of the US Navy were named USS Abbot in his honor.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Who Was Who in American History - the Military, Marquis Who's Who, 1976, page 1.
  2. Who Was Who in American History - the Military, Marquis Who's Who, 1976, page 1.
  3. Who Was Who in American History - the Military, Marquis Who's Who, 1976, page 1.
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
  • Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1967.
Military offices
Preceded by
Matthew C. Perry
Commander, East India Squadron
6 September 1854–15 October 1855
Succeeded by
James Armstrong

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