253,286 Pages

Joel Haworth Elliott
Born (1840-10-27)October 27, 1840
Died November 27, 1868(1868-11-27) (aged 28)
Place of birth Centerville, Wayne County, U.S. state of Indiana
Place of death White Rock along the banks of the Washita River, Indian Territory (NW of Cheyenne, Oklahoma)
Officers' Circle White Rock, then at Fort Gibson National Cemetery, Fort Gibson, Oklahoma
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861–1868
Rank Major
Unit Companies G, H and M at White Rock
Commands held 7th U.S. Cavalry,

American Civil War

Joel H, Elliott (October 27, 1840 – November 27, 1868) was a Union major during and after the Civil War. Joining as a private in August 1861, with Company C, 2nd Indiana Cavalry Regiment. He saw action at the Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Perryville, Battle of Stones River, and was wounded twice. Joel Elliott was killed during the Battle of Washita River, just west of present-day Cheyenne, Oklahoma, on November 27, 1868.

Early lifeEdit

Joel Haworth Elliott was born October 27, 1840, to devout Quakers Mark and Mary Elliott on the family farm outside Centerville, Wayne County, Indiana, approximately seventy miles east of Indiana[1] Elliott began studies at Earlham College at age 19 and taught school in the Richmond area. Being Quakers the family members were pacifists[2] with strong antislavery views.[3]

Civil WarEdit

The Civil War began when Fort Sumter was attacked in April 1861. By August Joel Elliott enlisted as a private in Company C, 2nd Indiana Cavalry.[4] In June 1863 he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the newly formed 7th Indiana Volunteer Cavalry Regiment[5] and served as a recruiting officer. He quickly rose to first lieutenant and in October was commissioned captain of Company M on October 21, 1863.[6] Elliott was mustered out of service in 1866. Indiana war governor Oliver P. Morton assisted in an appointment to major in the 7th U.S. Cavalry and Custer recommended his promotion.[7]

On November 27, 1868, as second in command at the Battle of Washita River, Elliott broke off from the main body to chase fleeing Indians. Major Elliott, Sergt. Major Walter Kennedy, and sixteen other soldiers were killed and mutilated.[8] Being under threat of losing his tactical advantage and fighting a far larger force of approaching Indians, Custer left the area without knowing the fate of his subordinate and troops.


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.