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Joel Hayward
Joel Hayward.jpg
Joel Hayward (centre) with some attendees at the "Tackling Extremism Promoting Peace and Integration" Conference in Northampton on 24 July 2011.
Born 27 May 1964

Joel S.A. Hayward (born 1964), is a New Zealand-born "noted scholar of war and strategy"[1] and writer and poet who has worked in New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates. He is best known for his published books and articles on strategic matters, including the use of air power, his 2003 biography of Horatio Lord Nelson, and his writing and teaching on the Quranic (Islamic) concepts of war.[2] In November 2012 he became Professor of International and Civil Security at Khalifa University in Abu Dhabi and in 2013 he became Chair of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Khalifa. He also serves there as the Director of the Institute of International and Civil Security.[3] Earlier in 2012, he was a Senior Fellow at the Markfield Institute of Higher Education[4] and a Research Fellow of the Cambridge Muslim College.[5] His career highlights include having been Dean of the Royal Air Force College, Cranwell for five years (2007-2011), a Director of the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies think-tank for four years (2008-2012), and the academic Head of Air Power Studies at King's College London for six years (2005-2011). He is a Professor of Strategy at the Indonesian Defense University and he holds fellowships from the United States Air Force and the Federal Government of Germany.[6]


Early lifeEdit

Hayward was born Stuart Andrew Hayward on 27 May 1964 in Christchurch, New Zealand.[7] In 1989, Hayward changed his first name to Joel, following what he would later explain was a "choice to go through life with a first name that has deep spiritual significance for me."[7]

Hayward developed an interest in Jewish history and the Hebrew language as a result of his maternal grandmother's Jewishness. He gained a strong reading ability in Hebrew and made trips to Israel and was a member of a national organization with both Jewish and Christian membership, The New Zealand Friends of Israel, Inc.[8]

Education at University of CanterburyEdit

Bachelor of ArtsEdit

In 1988 Hayward enrolled with the University of Canterbury in Christchurch to pursue a Bachelor of Arts degree, which he received on 8 May 1991 with papers taken primarily in the Departments of History and Classics.[9]

In 1989, while pursuing his undergraduate studies, Hayward took part in founding an association called Opposition to Anti-Semitism Inc.(OAS), which he headed until 1991, when he left the group. He later stated he left the group due to a personality clash with another member; in a biographical note to an article he published in January 1992 in an Australian Jewish publication in January 1992, he said he left the organization due to pressure of work.[10] While with OAS, Hayward published several articles on anti-Semitism and became interested in the historiography of Holocaust denial.[10]

Master of ArtsEdit

Following the award of his B.A., Hayward commenced a Master's Degree program at University of Canterbury. He first considered a thesis topic in Ancient History, but was informed by faculty in the Classics Department that he would need to study another year of Greek and Latin first.[10] After consultation with Dr. Vincent Orange, a Reader (equivalent to Associate Professor)[11] in the History Department who became his thesis supervisor, Hayward settled on the topic of the historiography of Holocaust denial.[12] Hayward later stated that this topic combined three of his great interests: World War II, the German language, and Jewish history.[8] Besides his thesis, Hayward was also required for the M.A. degree to complete four honours papers, which he wrote during 1992. The four honours grades together constituted fully half of Hayward's master's program. All four papers underwent examination both internally and externally before their grades (an A-, two As, and an A+) were confirmed.[8]

The bulk of Hayward's thesis was written in 1991, prior to his four honours papers,[8] with the conclusion written in early 1993.[13] Entitled The Fate of Jews in German hands: An Historical Enquiry into the Development and Significance of Holocaust Revisionism,[14] the thesis underwent examination by internal examiner Dr. Vincent Orange of University of Canterbury's History Department and external examiner Professor John Jensen of Waikato University before its grade of A+ was confirmed by Professor W. David McIntyre, also of University of Canterbury's History Department.[8]

Hayward's M.A. in History with First Class Honours was conferred on 7 May 1993.[8] Hayward's thesis was judged the best history thesis of his year and it won him the Sir James Hight Memorial Prize, awarded for "excellence",[15] and the honour of wearing the Philip Ross May Gown at the graduation ceremony.


Hayward went on to pursue a Ph.D. degree, also at University of Canterbury, again under the supervision of Dr. Vincent Orange.[16] He initially considered to enroll for the Ph.D. with a biography of well-known Holocaust denier David Irving as a dissertion topic, apparently at Irving's suggestion,[17] but instead embarked on a study of German air operations during World War II.[16] In 1994, the U.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency, located within the Air University at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, awarded him a research scholarship to conduct research for his dissertation in its archives; he subsequently received a research fellowship from the Federal Government of Germany which enabled him to conduct doctoral research in the German Military Archives in Freiburg, Germany.[18]

Hayward was awarded a Ph.D. in 1996. His thesis, Seeking the Philosopher's Stone: Luftwaffe Operations during Hitler's Drive to the East, 1942–1943[19] became the basis for his first book,[16] Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943.,[20] which was published in 1998.

Academic and professional careerEdit

Massey UniversityEdit

In June 1996 Hayward joined the History Department at Massey University (Palmerston North Campus) as a Lecturer in Defence and Strategic Studies,[21] receiving promotion to Senior Lecturer in August 1999.[8] He specialized in the theoretical and conceptual aspects of modern warfare, airpower, joint doctrines, and manoeuvre warfare.[21] He continued in that position until June 2002.[22]

While at Massey, Hayward in 1999 was organizer of New Zealand's largest defence conference, held 21–22 August at Massey University's Turitea campus. The conference, entitled "Coalitions and Conflict — The Transition of Warfare 1899 to 1999 and Beyond," focused on coalition warfare and was jointly hosted by Massey University and the New Zealand Army's Military Studies Institute.[23] Hayward was conference convenor of Massey's third annual defence conference in August 2000, again co-hosted by the New Zealand Army, with discussion focusing on the trend towards integrating the three armed services (army, air force, and navy) under unified command.[24] Hayward also acted as editor of the conference proceedings, which took its title from the conference's theme, Joint Future? The Move to Jointness and Its Implications for the New Zealand Defence Force.[25]

From 1997 to 2004 he was also lecturer at the Officer Cadet School of the New Zealand Army,[22] where he taught general military history from Alexander the Great to the Balkan War,[21] and at the Command and Staff College of the Royal New Zealand Air Force,[22] where he taught airpower history and doctrine and supervised advanced research in military history.[21] During the same period he also taught strategic thought at the Royal New Zealand Naval College.[21][22] He also wrote academic articles for general military and military history publications.[21]

Work in the United KingdomEdit

Hayward has lived and worked in the United Kingdom since 2004,[22] first teaching strategy and operational art at the Joint Services Command and Staff College. In November 2005 he became the head of the newly created Air Power Studies Division, a specialist unit of thirteen Defence Study academics established by the Royal Air Force and King's College London at the Royal Air Force College, Cranwell.[6][26] Hayward was appointed Dean of the RAF College, Cranwell in April 2007.[6] He is a Director of the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies, the Air Force's national thinktank. He is also a member of the CAS Air Power Workshop, a small and highly select working group of scholars and other theorists convened by the Chief of Air Staff (the head of the Royal Air Force.)

He holds fellowships from the United States Air Force and the Federal Government of Germany.[6] He is a member of the editorial advisory boards of the academic journals, Air Power Review and World War II Quarterly. Hayward now focuses mainly on ethical aspects of air power. He teaches on air power concepts at various staff colleges and universities throughout Europe and in 2007 taught a course on "Air Power and Ethics" in Trondheim, Norway, to the Norwegian Air Force[27] On 13 May 2009 he was a keynote speaker at the 2009 Air Power Asia conference in Singapore, where he spoke on "Air Power And Ecology: Destruction Of Enemies But Not The Environment".[28] He convened an international academic conference on that subject—the environmental impact of modern air warfare—in August 2009.[29] In October 2010 he spoke at the Global Peace and Unity (GPU) conference on the subject: "War & Ethics: The Compatibility of 'Western' and Islamic Thought", a subject (Qur'anic military ethics) he also published on during 2010, 2011 and 2012. An anti-radical Muslim himself (who teaches at anti-extremism workshops),[30][31][32][33][34] Hayward supports the British armed forces[35] and is a member of the UK Armed Forces Muslim Association.[36] In an article critical of some ostensible Muslim anger seen online, Hayward describes himself as “a moderate and politically liberal revert who chose to embrace the faith of Islam because of its powerful spiritual truths, its emphasis on peace and justice, its racial and ethnic inclusiveness and its charitable spirit towards the poor and needy.” [37] In 2010, he wrote the Introduction to Shaykh-ul-Islam Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri's Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings (London: Minhaj-ul-Quran International).[38] Hayward, who sharply criticizes all Islamic terrorism in the fatwa's introduction, shares Tahir-ul-Qadri's scholarly assessment "that regardless of any motives, terrorism can never be supported and is in fact condemned by the Holy Quran and the Sunnah."[1] In 2011 Qadri appointed Hayward to a senior role as his (and Minhaj-ul-Quran's) Strategic Policy Advisor.[1] Hayward also formally signed[39] the London Declaration, a Muslim public statement issued under the auspices of Minhaj-ul-Quran which unequivocally condemns all extremism and terrorism, ”because at the heart of all religions is a belief in the sanctity of the lives of the innocent.” [40] The Declaration adds: “The indiscriminate nature of terrorism, which has in recent years killed far more civilians and other non-combatants than it has combatants, is un-Islamic, un-Judaic, un-Christian and it is indeed incompatible with the true teachings of all faiths.” [40] The London Declaration also “unequivocally condemn[s] anti-Semitism (including when sometimes it is disingenuously clothed as anti-Zionism), Islamophobia (including when it is sometimes disingenuously dressed up as patriotism) and all other forms of racism and xenophobia.” [40] In October 2013, Hayward won substantial damages in a successful libel case against the Mail on Sunday and the Daily Mail, which had originally criticised what it claimed were Hayward’s Islamic views whilst Dean of the RAF College. The Mail’s apology of 13 October 2013 stated: "On 7 and 8 August 2011 we suggested that the beliefs of Dr Joel Hayward, then the Dean of the RAF College Cranwell, prevented him from fulfilling his duty of impartiality and fairness as a teacher in the RAF" and had caused him "to show undue favouritism to Islamic students and spend too much time on Islamic activities. We now accept that these allegations are untrue. We apologise to Dr Hayward and have paid a substantial sum to him in damages." [41]

Work in the United Arab EmiratesEdit

In November 2012, Hayward became full Professor of International and Civil Security in Khalifa University's Institute for International and Civil Security.[3] In 2013 he became Chair of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Khalifa. He also serves there as the Director of the Institute of International and Civil Security.[3]

Controversy over M.A. thesisEdit

Hayward's M.A. thesis was opposed even before it was completed. The university was contacted by members of Hayward's own group, Opposition to Anti-Semitism Inc (OAS) who had in 1991 recorded Hayward making statements which in their view constituted Holocaust denial. OAS stated that Hayward had argued that Hitler did not personally plan the Holocaust and that the "final solution" was a very brutal policy of "forced expulsion".[42] Their intervention was rejected by the university which went on to assess the M.A. thesis and consider it worthy of the highest grade. Dr. Orange, who both supervised and assessed the dissertation, summarised its conclusion in the words "Hayward’s thesis is that the Nazis did not attempt the systematic extermination of Jews during the Second World War. In particular, he finds the evidence that gas chambers were built and used for this purpose unconvincing."[43] The dissertation was made unavailable for public study until 1999. When it became available, it ignited controversy. Hayward was again accused of Holocaust denial.[44] In 2000, at the request of the New Zealand Jewish Council, the University of Canterbury convened a "Working Party" which issued a report admonishing the university for inadequately supervising Hayward's work.[45] The report found that Hayward's thesis was "seriously flawed" but did not "establish dishonesty" on his part.[46] Subsequent to the issuance of the Working Party's report, the university apologized to the New Zealand Jewish community, as Hayward also had earlier in the year.[47] Hayward has always repudiated his thesis, saying its errors were the result of inadequate scholarly preparation for such a complex topic, but Holocaust deniers initially continued to cite the thesis as evidence of academic support for their positions.[47] In 2000, Holocaust denier David Irving praised Hayward's work as a "landmark in the turning of the tide in the favour of historical revisionism".[7]

Despite any earlier issues, Hayward clearly upholds the sound and accepted scholarly assessment of the Holocaust. In 2010 he described it as “one of history’s vilest crimes … involving the organised murder of millions of Jews”[48] and in 2011 he similarly wrote: “The Holocaust of the Jews in the Second World War, one of history’s vilest crimes, involved the organised murder of six million Jews by Germans and others who considered themselves Christians or at least members of the Christian value system.” [30]



Hayward has authored or co-authored a number of journal articles pertaining to military matters, including "Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler’s Decision to Airlift" which the U.S. Air Force published in both English and Spanish.[49] and "The Qur’an and War: Observations on Islamic Just War", published in the official RAF academic journal, Air Power Review, Vol. 13, No. 3, Autumn/Winter 2010, pp. 41–63.

Hayward is the author of seven books of non-fiction, including Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943 (1998 and subsequent editions). An assessment of aerial warfare at the Battle of Stalingrad, Stopped at Stalingrad was favorably reviewed in the Times Literary Supplement[50] and the journal War in History.[51] Hayward's biography of naval commander Horatio Lord Nelson, For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (2003), likewise received positive notices,[52][53] with one reviewer recommending it as "a fresh and original contribution" on Lord Nelson that could also serve as a reference companion for viewers of the film "Master and Commander" based on the Patrick O'Brian novels set during the "Age of Nelson."[54] The Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought's Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre in Amman, Jordan, published Hayward's book, Warfare in The Qur’an, in 2012.[55] A work-in-progress, A "Bomb and Pray" War: Explaining Yugoslavia's Stubborn Resistance to NATO Coercion in 1999, examining the military concepts of coercion, deterrence, and the effects based approach through a conflict-specific analysis of the Kosovo War, is forthcoming.[6][22]

Fiction and poetryEdit

In 2003, Totem Press, a New Zealand publisher based in Palmerston, New Zealand published Hayward's Jenny Green Teeth and Other Short Stories (which the Evening Standard reviewed as "superb")[56] as well as a volume of poetry called Lifeblood (which the Evening Standard reviewed as "memorable and insightful").[57] Hayward made both volumes available as free downloads through his website,Hayward, Joel (2003). Jenny Green Teeth and Other Short Stories. Palmerston North: Totem Press. pp. 153. ISBN 0-9582446-3-4.  but now offers them through for the Kindle.[58][59] Hayward has continued to publish poems steadily over the years, including, recently, in Damazine[60] and Contemporary World Literature,[61] and his second major collection of poems ― titled Splitting the Moon: A Collection of Islamic Poetry ― was published by Kube in April 2012.[62] The Muslim News reviewer wrote: "Joel Hayward is a very skilful and gifted poet whose way with words is impressive. His poems are easy to understand, highly pertinent and equally spiritually profound. ... They also provide a powerful commentary on the social, political, moral and religious challenges and difficulties currently facing Muslims and non-Muslims alike. ... [Hayward] is able to blend the personal, emotional, spiritual and existential dimensions of human experience, and do so without in any way over-playing or undermining any aspect. This is a very rare skill for a poet to possess.”[63]


Graduate studies workEdit

  • (1993). The Fate of Jews in German Hands: An Historical Enquiry into the Development and Significance of Holocaust Revisionism. Thesis (M.A.). University of Canterbury, 1993.
  • (1996). Seeking the Philosopher's Stone: Luftwaffe Operations during Hitler's Drive to the East, 1942–1943. Ph.D. thesis. University of Canterbury, 1996.

Journal articles (selection)Edit

This is a selected bibliography of peer-reviewed articles.


  • (2000). Adolf Hitler and Joint Warfare. Military Studies Institute Working Papers Series No. 2/2000. Military Studies Institute, New Zealand Defence Force. (44 pp.)




Fiction and poetryEdit

Book ChapterEdit

  • (2008). "The Luftwaffe’s Agility: An assessment of Relevant Concepts and Practices" in Neville Parton, editor, Air Power: The Agile Air Force. Royal Air Force. HMSO. ISBN 0-9552189-1-8. pp. 40–49.
  • (2009). "Air Power: The Quest to remove Battle from War" in John Buckley and George Kassimeris, editors, The Ashgate Companion to Modern Warfare. London: Ashgate, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7546-7410-8. pp. 49–72.
  • (2013). "Warfare in the Qur’an" in HRH Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad, Ibrahim Kalin and Mohammad Hashim Kamali, editors, War and Peace in Islam: The Uses and Abuses of Jihad (Amman: Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre / Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought), pp. 28–56.

Conference papers and presentationsEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "The Nation, 17 March 2011, p. 15". Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  2. "Pakistan Today, 17 March 2011". Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Khalifa University: Institutes: IICS". Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  4. "Instructors, Journey through the Quran". British Academy of Qur'anic Studies. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  5. "Cambridge Muslim College: Research Fellows". Retrieved 2012-11-02. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 "Dr. Joel Hayward." King's College London website. Accessed 6 February 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Scanlon, Sean. (20 May 2000). "Making history." The Press (Christchurch). Archived at the Nizkor Project. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Hayward, Joel. (2003). "My overview of 'The Canterbury affair.'" Joel Hayward's Old Website. Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  9. Joel Hayward Working Party. (20 December 2000). Report to the Council of The University of Canterbury. University of Canterbury, p. 5.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 6.
  11. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 12.
  12. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 6-7.
  13. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 67.
  14. Hayward, Joel. (1993). "The Fate of Jews in German Hands: An Historical Enquiry into the Development and Significance of Holocaust Revisionism." Thesis (M.A.). University of Canterbury, 1993. See here for more information.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 26.
  17. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 66.
  18. Hayward, Joel S.A. (1997). "Stalingrad: An Examination of Hitler’s Decision to Airlift." Airpower Journal 11(1): 21–37. Spring 1997. Author note, also at [1]
  19. Hayward, Joel. (1996). Seeking the Philosopher's Stone: Luftwaffe Operations during Hitler's Drive to the East, 1942–1943. Ph.D. thesis. University of Canterbury, 1996.
  20. Hayward, Joel. (1998). Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943.> Modern War Studies series. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1146-0.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, pp. 27.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 Joel Hayward's Books and Articles (official website). Accessed on 2007-06-20.
  23. Massey University. (13 August 1999). "Conference to contribute to defence debate." Massey News Archive. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  24. Massey University. (11 September 2000). "Defence conference timely." Massey News Archive. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  25. Hayward, Joel S.A., ed. (2000). A Joint Future? The Move to Jointness and its Implications for the New Zealand Defence Force. Massey University, Centre for Defence Studies.
  26. "Staff at RAF Cranwell." King's College London website. Accessed 18 June 2007.
  27. "Trondheim inviterer til sikkerhetspolitiske temadager 16.-17. oktober på Luftkrigsskolen." Youth Atlantic Treaty Association. Retrieved on 2008-12-29.
  30. 30.0 30.1 "Hayward, J., "Qur’anic Concepts of the Ethics of War: Challenging the Claims of Islamic Aggressiveness", Cordoba Foundation Occasional Paper (Series 2. April 2011), p. 23". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  31. ""Author Bio", Experts at Think Africa Press". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  32. "Tackling Extremism Workshop, Sheffield Hilton, 25 February 2011". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  33. "Tackling Extremism Workshop, London, 9 June 2011". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  34. "MYL UK holds Fatwa Workshop". Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  35. Taneja, Poonam (21 February 2011). "UK's Muslim soldiers "fighting extremists not Muslims". BBC Asian Network. Retrieved 14 March 2011. 
  36. Hayward bio details on the website, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London
  37. ""The Value of Restraint", by Dr Joel Hayward, The Invitation: Islamic Community Magazine, March-April 2011, p. 22, re-published online at". Archived from the original on 2011-12-01. Retrieved 2011-10-08. 
  38. "Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings". Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  39. Sign The Declaration
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 "London Declaration for Global Peace and Resistance against Extremism". Retrieved 2011-10-05. 
  41. "Corrections and clarifications". Mail on Sunday. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  42. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 17.
  43. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, p. 23.
  44. Walsh, Rebecca (22 December 2000). "A-plus equals anger for Jewish groups". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  45. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, §5, pp. 64-69.
  46. Joel Hayward Working Party, 2000, §6.1, p. 70.
  47. 47.0 47.1 Jones, Jeremy. (26 December 2000). "New Zealand school apologizes for Holocaust denial thesis." Jerusalem Post (retrieved from Retrieved on 2007-06-18. "Earlier this year, Hayward, who is now a senior lecturer in defense and strategic studies at Massey University, apologized to the Jewish community, saying that he now disagrees strongly with his paper. [...] The university's vice chancellor, Daryl Le Grew, apologized to the Jewish community but said the university had no power to revoke the granting of the degree."
  48. "Hayward, J., "The Qur’an and War: Observations on Islamic Just War", Air Power Review, Vol. 13. No. 3 (2010), p. 45.". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  49. Airpower Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 21-, AFRP 10-1, Spring 1997
  50. Omer Bartov, The Times Literary Supplement, 23 Oct 1998, no. 4986 p. 12(2): "Hayward makes a convincing case"
  51. Overy, Richard. "Stopped at Stalingrad (Book Review)." War in History 8(1): 123–125, Jan. 2001.
  52. Seamon, Richard. (2003-10)."For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (Book)." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 129(10): 114.
  53. Hattendorf, John B. (2004-01). "For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War (Book)." Journal of Military History 68(1): 252–253.
  54. Lutton, Wayne. (17 May 2004). "Master and Commander: A Reader's Guide." Human Events 60(17): 30.
  55. "Joel Hayward, " Warfare in the Qur’an". English Monograph Series — Book No. 14. (Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, Amman, Jordan 2012).". Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  56. Evening Standard, 9 May 2003: "Superb... Deep, brooding and intense... This is storytelling, and New Zealand fiction, at its best."
  57. Evening Standard, 9 May 2003: "Memorable and insightful... Thumbs up for Hayward's work"
  58. Hayward, Joel. (2003) Jenny Green Teeth and other short stories. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press.
  59. Hayward, Joel, (2003). Lifeblood (A Book of Poems). Palmerston North, New Zealand: Totem Press.
  60. “The Six at Thawr”, Damazine, Summer 2011)
  61. “Zuhr Prayer in Peterborough”, Contemporary World Literature, Issue 7 (May/June 2011)
  62. 62.0 62.1 Splitting the Moon at
  63. Muhammad Khan. "Book Review: Refreshing and Insightful Collection of Muslim Poetry". The Muslim News, 27 April 2012. 
  64. Splitting the Moon at Kube Publishing

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