John B. Nicolson (died 1846) was an officer in the United States Navy in the first half of the 19th century.
Nicolson was a native of Richmond, Virginia. He entered the Navy as a midshipman on July 4, 1805. He served in the brig USS Hornet, commanded by Master Commandant (later Commodore) Isaac Chauncey. Nicolson was promoted to lieutenant on May 20, 1812, while serving aboard the brig USS Flambeau in the Mediterranean. During the War of 1812, he served as fourth lieutenant aboard the USS United States during the battle with HMS Macedonian. He also served as first lieutenant in USS Peacock under Master Commandant Lewis Warrington and took part in the victory over HMS Epervier off the coast of Florida. After the British vessel surrendered, Nicolson took Epervier back to the United States as a prize of war.
Nicolson was promoted to Master Commandant on March 5, 1817, and to Captain on April 24, 1828. In May 1840, Commodore he was nominated by President Martin Van Buren to serve on the Board of Navy Commissioners, the administrative body which handled procurement and supply in the Navy Department. Nicolson, who filled the vacancy left by the death of Commodore Isaac Chauncey, served in the position until 1841. As one of the Navy's most senior captains, Nicolson was known by the courtesy rank of Commodore.
Commodore Nicolson died on November 9, 1846, at the age of 63. He is buried in the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C.
References[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History & Heritage Command.
- US Navy Officers: 1798-1900 -- "N" - Officers of the Continental and U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, 1775-1900. 7 April 2006. Naval Historical Center. Viewed 19 September 2006.
- Officers of the War of 1812 - Lieutenants. 11 May 1998. Naval Historical Center. Viewed 19 September 2006.
- Records of Boards and Commissions, 1812-90, Inventory of the Naval Records Collection of the Office of Naval Records and Library, in Record Group 45. Located at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
Congressional sources[edit | edit source]
- Journal of the executive proceedings of the Senate of the United States of America, 1837-1841, TUESDAY, May 12, 1840. A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875. Library of Congress. Viewed 6 April 2006. (Reference to Nicolson's nomination for the Board of Navy Commissioners.)
Articles[edit | edit source]
- Obituary of Commodore Nicolson from The National Intelligencer, Washington, D.C. (November 10, 1846). Historic Congressional Cemetery. Viewed 19 September 2006.
- Flanders, Alan. "SHIPYARD COMMANDER WAS HERO IN WAR OF 1812. The Virginian-Pilot (Friday, December 29, 1995), page 3. Online. Digital Library and Archives, Virginia Tech. Viewed 19 September 2006. (The article refers to Nicolson's service in the War of 1812, while under the command of Lewis Warrington.)
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