|The Most Honourable|
The 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
KT KP GCMG GCVO PC
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
11 December 1905 – 17 February 1915
|Monarch||Edward VII |
|Prime Minister||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Dudley|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Wimborne|
8 February 1886 – 20 July 1886
|Prime Minister||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Carnarvon|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Londonderry|
|7th Governor General of Canada|
18 September 1893 – 12 November 1898
|Prime Minister||Canadian: |
William Ewart Gladstone
|Preceded by||The Lord Stanley of Preston|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Minto|
|Born||John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon|
3 August 1847
|Died||7 March 1934 (aged 86)|
|Spouse(s)||Hon. Ishbel Marjoribanks|
|Children||George, 2nd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair |
Marjorie, Baroness Pentland
Dudley, 3rd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
Lord Archibald Gordon
|Parents||The 5th Earl of Aberdeen |
|Alma mater||University of St. Andrews University College, Oxford|
John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair KT KP GCMG GCVO PC (3 August 1847 – 7 March 1934), known as The 7th Earl of Aberdeen from 1870 to 1916, was a Scottish politician. Born in Edinburgh, Lord Aberdeen held office in several countries, serving twice as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1886; 1905–1915) and serving from 1893 to 1898 as the seventh Governor General of Canada.
Early and personal life[edit | edit source]
Lord Aberdeen was born in Edinburgh to George Hamilton-Gordon, 5th Earl of Aberdeen, and his wife, Mary Baillie, daughter of George Baillie and sister to The 10th Earl of Haddington. He studied at the University of St Andrews and University College, Oxford. He succeeded as The 7th Earl of Aberdeen following the death of his eldest brother, George, 6th Earl of Aberdeen, in January 1870.
In 1877 he married Ishbel Maria Marjoribanks (1857-1939), daughter to Sir Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Bt., M.P. (later created, in 1880, The 1st Baron Tweedmouth), and Isabella Weir-Hogg. It seems that their marriage was a love match as they were long time friends and Ishbel developed a crush on Lord Aberdeen at just 14. Lady Aberdeen was an LL.D. of Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. She served as President of the International Council of Women from 1893–99, and later founded the National Council of Women of Canada and the Victorian Order of Nurses.
They had five children:
- George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair (1879–1965), succeeded father
- Marjorie Adeline Gordon (1880–1970), married John Sinclair, later 1st Lord Pentland
- Dorothea Gordon (March – November 1882)
- Dudley Gladstone Gordon, 3rd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair (1883–1972), succeeded brother
- Archibald Ian Gordon (1884–1909), was the lover of Lady Desborough
Political life[edit | edit source]
Lord Aberdeen entered the House of Lords following his succession to his brother's earldom in January 1870. A Liberal, he was present for William Ewart Gladstone's first Midlothian campaign at Lord Rosebery's house in 1879. He became Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire in 1880, served as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland from 1881 to 1885 (he held the position again in 1915), and was briefly appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1886. He became a Privy Counsellor in the same year. In 1884, he hosted a dinner at Haddo House honouring William Ewart Gladstone on his tour of Scotland. The occasion was captured by the painter Alfred Edward Emslie; the painting is now in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery, London, given by the Marquess’s daughter, The Baroness Pentland, in 1953.
He served as Governor General of Canada from 1893 to 1898 during a period of political transition. He travelled extensively throughout the country and is described as having "transformed the role of Governor General from that of the aristocrat representing the King or Queen in Canada to a symbol representing the interests of all citizens". In 1891, he bought the Coldstream Ranch in the northern Okanagan Valley in British Columbia and launched the first commercial orchard operations in that region, which gave birth to an industry and settlement colony as other Britons emigrated to the region because of his prestige and bought into the orcharding lifestyle. The ranch is today part of the municipality of Coldstream, and various placenames in the area commemorate him and his family, such as Aberdeen Lake and Haddo Creek.
He was again appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1905, and served until 1915. During his tenure he also served as Lord Rector of the University of St Andrews (1913–1916), was created a Knight Companion of the Order of the Thistle (1906), and was created a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (1911). Following his retirement, he was created Earl of Haddo, in the County of Aberdeen, and Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair, in the County of Aberdeen, in the County of Meath and in the County of Argyll, in January 1916.
He had been appointed Honorary Colonel of the 1st Aberdeenshire Artillery Volunteers on 14 January 1888 and retained the position with its successors, the 1st Highland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, until after World War I.
Later life[edit | edit source]
Aberdeen lived the later stages of his life at the House of Cromar in Tarland, Aberdeenshire, which he had built and where he died in 1934. His son, George, succeeded to the marquessate.
Jokes Cracked by Lord Aberdeen, a collection of John Hamilton-Gordon's dinner party repartee, was first published in 1929. The "bafflingly unfunny" book, long out of print, gained a cult following in more recent times and was reissued in 2013.
The Rocking Chair Ranche[edit | edit source]
From 1883 until 1896, he was also an owner of and investor in the Rocking Chair Ranche located in Collingsworth County, Texas, together with his father-in-law, The 1st Baron Tweedmouth, and his brother-in-law Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth.
Honorific eponyms[edit | edit source]
- Geographic Locations
- Ontario: Aberdeen Avenue, Toronto
- Ontario: Aberdeen Avenue, Hamilton
- Ontario: Aberdeen Avenue, Sarnia
- Ontario: Aberdeen Pavilion, Ottawa
References[edit | edit source]
- Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 4
- Morgan, Henry James, ed (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 3. https://archive.org/details/typesofcanadianw01morguoft/page/3.
- "Revelations of Ettie Desborough, an Edwardian A-lister". Mail OnLine. 8 August 2008. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/you/article-1041844/Revelations-Ettie-Desborough--Edwardian-A-lister.html. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "No. 25557". 9 February 1886. p. 613. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/25557/page/613
- Emslie, Alfred Edward. "Dinner at Haddo House, 1884". National Portrait Gallery, London. http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw00023/Dinner-at-Haddo-House-1884.
- The County Council of the Administrative County of Middlesex : 76 Years of Local Government, 1 April 1889 to 31 March 1965. Middlesex County Council. 1965. p. 10.
- "Former Governors General". Website of the Governor General of Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=55. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- Living Landscapes (Royal BC Museum) website, Ethnic Agricultural Labour in the Okanagan Valley: 1880s to 1960s, II. The Early British Settlers: 1860s - 1920s , Mario Lanthier & Lloyd L. Wong
- BCGNIS entry "Aberdeen Lake"[dead link]
- BCGNIS entry "Coldstream (District Municipality"[dead link]
- "No. 26628". 25 May 1895. p. 3082. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/26628/page/3082
- "No. 28513". 14 July 1911. p. 5265. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28513/page/5265
- "No. 29427". 4 January 1916. p. 179. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/29427/page/179
- Monthly Army List, various dates.
- "Alastrean House and sundial". Historic Scotland. http://portal.historic-scotland.gov.uk/designation/LB49157. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Briggs, Caroline (4 September 2003). "RAF veteran care home to close". BBC News Online. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/3079376.stm. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- Bury, Liz (3 October 2013). "Heard the one about the bearded laird?". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/oct/03/jokes-cracked-lord-aberdeen-book.
- Template:Cite Handbook of Texas
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1922). "Aberdeen and Temair, John Campbell Gordon, 1st Marquess of". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. p. 1.
- Barbour, G. F. Barbour; Baird, Matthew Urie; rev. Matthew, H. C. G.. "Gordon, John Campbell, first marquess of Aberdeen and Temair (1847–1934)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. Digital object identifier:10.1093/ref:odnb/33464. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Harris, Carolyn (October 4, 2017). "John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen". John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen (onlne ed.). Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/article/john-campbell-gordon-1st-marquess-of-aberdeen.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
- Portraits of John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Portraits of Dame Ishbel Maria (née Marjoribanks), Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair at the National Portrait Gallery, London
The Earl of Kintore
|Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire
The 2nd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
The Earl of Carnarvon
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
The Marquess of Londonderry
The Lord Stanley of Preston
|Governor General of Canada
The Earl of Minto
The Earl of Dudley
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
The Lord Wimborne
The Earl of Rosebery
|Rector of the University of St Andrews
Sir Douglas Haig
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
|Peerage of Scotland|
|Earl of Aberdeen
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