|John Kenneth Haviland|
|Birth name||John Kenneth Haviland|
|Born||19 January 1921|
|Died||1 July 2002(aged 81)|
|Place of birth||Mount Kisco, New York|
|Place of death||Charlottesville, Virginia|
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1940–1945|
|Unit||No. 151 Squadron RAF|
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
|Other work||Professor in Aerospace Engineering Department at the University of Virginia|
John Kenneth Haviland DFC (19 January 1921 – 1 July 2002) was an American pilot who flew for the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain. He was one of 11 American pilots who flew with RAF Fighter Command between 10 July and 31 October 1940, thereby qualifying for the Battle of Britain clasp to the 1939–45 campaign star.
Born in Mount Kisco, New York, the son of a US Navy officer and an English mother, Haviland was educated in England from the age of five and was educated at Nottingham University and the University of London. He joined the Royal Air Force Reserve in July 1939 and was called up for war service in September of the same year.
World War IIEdit
Haviland undertook flying training at No. 10 Flying Training School and was posted to No. 1 (Army Co-Operation) Squadron at Old Sarum near Salisbury. In August 1940 he volunteered to serve with RAF Fighter Command and, following a conversion course at No. 6 OTU was posted to RAF Digby to join No. 151 Squadron RAF flying Hurricanes on 23 September 1940. Haviland was involved in a mid-air collision on 24 September during formation flying practice which resulted in a force-landing in a paddock in the village of Waddington, Lincolnshire. Haviland would see no further significant action in the Battle of Britain.
Haviland served throughout the war, doing tours as an instructor, intruder operations and bomber support. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross on 16 February 1945, by when he was a Flight Lieutenant flying with No. 141 Squadron RAF. Of the American volunteers in the Battle of Britain he was the only one known to have survived the war.
Post war careerEdit
After the war he moved to Canada before obtaining a PhD from MIT and becoming a professor in engineering in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department at the University of Virginia, specialising in aerospace projects.
Honors and awardsEdit
- 16 February 1945 - Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross John Kenneth Haviland (82690), R.A.F.V.R., 141
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