|John Leonard Pierce|
|Born||April 25, 1895|
|Died||February 12, 1959(aged 63)|
|Place of birth||Dallas, Texas|
|Place of death||San Antonio, Texas|
|Buried at||Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1917-1946|
|Commands held||16th Armored Division|
World War I|
World War II
|Awards||Legion of Merit (2)|
John Leonard Pierce (April 25, 1895 – February 12, 1959) was an United States Army officer with the rank of Brigadier General. He is most noted as a commander of the 16th Armored Division during World War II.
John Leonard Pierce was born on April 25, 1895 in Dallas, Texas as the son of lawyer, Frank Cushman Pierce and his wife, Isabella. Pierce attended the West Texas Military Academy in San Antonio, Texas and subsequently Texas A&M University and then joined the Army in June 1917. Subsequently served during World War I in France. After war, Pierce served with 8th Infantry Division within Occupation forces in Koblenz, Germany.
After return to the United States, Pierce stayed in the Army and was interested in mobile warfare and the development of armor.
World War IIEdit
At the beginning of World War II, Pierce served as a Deputy Chief of Staff of the 3rd Armored Division under command of Major general Alvan C. Gillem. One year later, Pierce was transferred to the II Armored Corps (lated redesignated as the XVIII Airborne Corps), where he served as Chief of Staff.
In June 1943, Pierce was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General and was appointed a Chief of Staff of Armored Command. He stayed in this capacity until September 1944, when he was transferred to Camp Chaffee in Arkansas, where he assumed command of 16th Armored Division. He replaced major general Douglass T. Greene in this capacity.
Pierce arrived with his 16th Armored Division in Europe in February 1945 and participated in combats in Germany and Czechoslovakia. Pierce commanded the division during the liberation of Pilsen.
For his service during World War II, general Pierce was awarded with Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster by the government of the United States and with Order of the White Lion and with War Cross by the government of the Czechoslovakia for his merits during liberation of Western Bohemia.
Life after WarEdit
Pierce was subsequently transferred back to the United States, where he was appointed the President of the Secretary of War's Discharge Review Board. He served in this capacity until 1946, when he retired from the Army.
Brigadier general John Leonard Pierce died in the age of 63 years at his home in San Antonio, Texas and is buried at Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery together with his wife, Kate Bodine Pierce (1895 - 1988).
Here is Brigadier general Pierce´s ribbon bar:
|1st Row||Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster|
|2nd Row||World War I Victory Medal with two Battle Clasps||Army of Occupation of Germany Medal||American Defense Service Medal||American Campaign Medal|
|3rd Row||European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with three service stars||World War II Victory Medal||Czechoslovak Order of the White Lion||Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945|
Douglass T. Greene
|Commanding General of the 16th Armored Division|
September 1944 – October 1945
| Succeeded by|
- ↑ "City of Pilsen, From D-Day to V-Day". dday.slavnostisvobody.cz. 2010-07-04. http://dday.slavnostisvobody.cz/index.php?menu=veterans&submenu=seznam&id=17&lang=en. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- ↑ "Biography of General John Leonard Pierce (1895 - 1959), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. http://www.generals.dk/general/Pierce/John_Leonard/USA.html. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- ↑ "Pierce, John Leonard - Texas State Historical Association". tshaonline.org. 2010-07-04. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpi11. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- ↑ "John Pierce (1895 - 1959) - Find a Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. 2010-07-04. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=18160. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
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