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John Leonard Clive
Native name Hans Leo Kleyff
Born (1924-09-25)September 25, 1924
Berlin, Germany
Died January 7, 1990(1990-01-07) (aged 65)
Cause of death heart attack
Education University of North Carolina (A.B.)
Harvard University (Ph.D.)
Awards National Book Award for Biography (1974)

John Leonard Clive (September 25, 1924 – January 7, 1990) was an American historian. He was a professor at Harvard University and the University of Chicago. He is most well known for his biography, Thomas Babington Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian for which he won the National Book Award for Biography and History.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Born Hans Leo Kleyff (later anglicized to John Leonard Clive) in Berlin to German-Jewish parents, he attended the Französisches Gymnasium Berlin before moving to England in 1937 where he went to Buxton College.[1] He emigrated to the United States with his family in 1940 where he attended the University of North Carolina.[2] After his graduation he entered the army and joined the OSS.[3]

In 1952 Clive received his Ph.D. from Harvard University and began teaching there. He received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1957.[4] That year he published Scotch Reviewers: The Edinburgh Review, 1802–1815. Clive moved to the University of Chicago in 1960 where he was an assistant and associate professor until returning to Harvard in 1965.[1] He would remain at Harvard for the rest of his career ultimately becoming the William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of History and Literature in 1979.[5] Clive won the National Book Award for Biography and History in 1974 for Thomas Babington Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian, and was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as well.[6] Clive retired in 1989 and gave his last lecture that December. He died of a heart attack on January 7, 1990 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was posthumously awarded the National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism for his final book, Not by Fact Alone: Essays on the Writing and Reading of History.

References[edit | edit source]

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