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John S. Lanning
Born (1843-08-29)August 29, 1843
Died April 13, 1907(1907-04-13) (aged 63)
Place of birth Rochester, New York
Place of burial Yankton, South Dakota
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Union Navy
Rank Landsman
Unit USS Magnolia
Battles/wars American Civil War
 • Battle of Natural Bridge
Awards Medal of Honor

John S. Lanning (August 29, 1843 – April 13, 1907) was a Union Navy sailor and a Medal of Honor recipient for his actions in the American Civil War. He served under the name John S. Lann.

Born on August 29, 1843, in Rochester, New York, Lanning joined the Navy from that state. By March 5, 1865, he was serving as a landsman on the USS Magnolia. On that day and the next, he accompanied a Union Army force during the Battle of Natural Bridge near St. Marks, Florida. He helped transport and fire a naval howitzer throughout the engagement despite heavy Confederate fire. For this action, he was awarded the Medal of Honor three months later, on June 22, 1865. The medal was issued under the name he had enlisted with, John S. Lann.[1][2] He was one of six sailors to receive the medal for manning artillery pieces during the battle, the others being Seaman John Mack, Seaman George Pyne, Ordinary Seaman Charles Read, Coxswain George Schutt, and Seaman Thomas Smith.[2][3]

Lanning's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

As landsman on board the U.S.S. Magnolia, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March, Lann served with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout this fierce engagement made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun. His coolness and determination in standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.[2]

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 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.

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