|Place of birth||Canada|
United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1864 - 1865|
American Civil War|
• Second Battle of Fort Fisher
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
John Shivers (1830 – unknown) was a U.S. Marine stationed aboard the USS Minnesota during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Second Battle of Fort Fisher on January 15, 1865.
Emigrating from his native Canada, Shivers volunteered for service in the U.S. Marine Corps and was assigned to the Union frigate USS Minnesota. His enlistment is credited to the state of New Jersey, although he enlisted in the Marine Corps from Philadelphia in September 1864.
On January 15, 1865, the North Carolina Confederate stronghold of Fort Fisher was taken by a combined Union storming party of sailors, marines, and soldiers under the command of Admiral David Dixon Porter and General Alfred Terry. Shivers was one of nine crewmen from the USS Minnesota who received the Medal of Honor for their actions during this battle.
Shivers deserted in October 1865, and his later life is unknown.
Medal of Honor citation
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Private John Shivers, United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in action on board the U.S.S. Minnesota in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Private Shivers advanced to the top of the sand hill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed or wounded many officers and men. When more than two-thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". American Medal of Honor recipients for the American Civil War (M-Z). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- "John Shivers". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/13083778. Retrieved June 2, 2010.
- "New Jersey’s Civil War Medal of Honor recipients". http://georgecustercamp.org/Medal.htm. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Who's Who in Marine Corps History
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