|John W. Hart|
|Born||July 30, 1833|
|Died||June 2, 1907(aged 73)|
|Place of birth||Germany|
|Place of death||Cumberland, Maryland|
|Buried at||Saint Lukes Lutheran Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Unit||Company D, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves|
American Civil War|
• Battle of Gettysburg
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
John William Hart (July 30, 1833 – June 2, 1907) was a soldier from Maryland who fought in the American Civil War. He received the United States' highest medal for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the Battle of Gettysburg 2 July 1863. He was issued the medal on 3 August 1897.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Hart was born July 30, 1833, in Germany but migrated to the United States and settling in Maryland prior to the American Civil War. Hart enlisted into Company D, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves (also known as the 35th Pennsylvania Infantry) in Cumberland, Maryland.
On the second day of fighting in the Battle of Gettysburg Union forces had been forced to fall back due to the superior numbers of the opposing Confederate force. As more Union troops arrived to fight however the battle started to shift. In an area known as Devil's Den, John Hart, along with Thaddeus S. Smith, J. Levi Roush, George Mears, Chester S. Furman and Wallace Johnson volunteered to attack a small log cabin being held by Confederate forces. Although they attempted to approach the cabin by stealth, they were spotted and began taking fire from the enemy force locked inside. Hart and the other men rushed through the enemy fire and forced their way into the cabin. Before they could start shooting the confederate soldiers surrendered and were taken back to Union lines as prisoners. For their actions during this incident, all 6 men received the Medal of Honor.
After the war Hart returned to Maryland, married his wife Christina and had five children, three boys and two girls.
Medal of Honor citation[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: G–L
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Battle of Gettysburg
References[edit | edit source]
- "John W. Hart". Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/19509. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "John W. Hart". Military Times. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=2037. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Charles Hanna (2010). Gettysburg Medal of Honor Recipients. Cedar Fort. pp. 75–76. https://books.google.com/books?id=dRSzh4JQZqwC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". American Civil War (G-L): Hart, John W. entry. United States Army Center of Military History. 25 February 2016. https://history.army.mil/moh/civilwar_gl.html#HARTJW. Retrieved 27 August 2018.