Admiral Jorge Isaac Anaya (27 September 1926 – 9 January 2008) was a former Commander-in-Chief of the Argentine Navy. He was born in Bahía Blanca, in the province of Buenos Aires. He participated in the military dictatorship known as the National Reorganisation Process (1976–1983) and, along with Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri and Basilio Lami Dozo, was a member of the Third Military Junta that ruled Argentina between 1981 and 1982. He was the main architect and supporter of a military solution for the long standing claim over the Falkland Islands that led to the Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas ).
Career[edit | edit source]
In 1976, during the first part of the new military regime, Anaya was Chief of Naval Operations. In December 1981, there was a change in the dictatorship bringing to office a new junta headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri. Anaya then, as commander-in-chief of the navy, ordered Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo to create a plan to seize the Falklands Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas ) which both presented to the new acting president.
During the 1982 war he devised and commanded Operation Algeciras, in which Argentine commandos were to sabotage a Royal Navy warship harboured in Gibraltar; the plan was thwarted at the last minute when communications were intercepted.
In 1997, Spanish judge Baltasar Garzón requested the arrest and extradition of 45 members of the Argentine military, and one civilian, for crimes of genocide, state terrorism, and torture committed during the "Dirty War" period of the de facto regime, including Anaya. The request was denied on several occasions by the democratically elected Argentine government, which argued that it was inadmissible on grounds of inapplicable jurisdiction.
On 27 July 2003, by means of Decree 420/03, President Néstor Kirchner amended the criteria under which the extraditions had been refused, ordering that the legal proceedings requested by the Spanish courts go ahead and thus enabling the extraditions to proceed.
In August 2003, Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar ordered the cessation of the extradition proceedings for crimes committed in Argentina under the de facto regime. That decision was later overturned by the Supreme Court in 2005, which ordered that Garzón's requested extraditions continue. In November 2006, while waiting to be interrogated by an examining magistrate, he suffered a heart attack and was rushed to the naval hospital; he remained under house arrest after his discharge from hospital, but was never deemed fit enough to stand trial. He died on 9 January 2008 while under house arrest on charges of human rights violations.
References[edit | edit source]
- [Malvinas, la trama secreta. Oscar Cardoso, Ricardo Kirschbaum, Eduardo Van Der Kooy]
- Fue quién impulsó la guerra de Malvinas, prometiendo al general Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri, a fines de 1981, el apoyo de la Armada para convertirlo en sucesor del general Roberto Viola en la Presidencia de la Nación
- Yo estoy convencido que Galtieri no tenía ni idea de Malvinas. No habrá pasado una semana y con Anaya vamos a ver a Galtieri. Hasta ese momento el único enterado era yo
- Operación Algeciras, Alberto "Duffman" López, Por Tierra Mar y Aire
- "Resolución de la Cámara Federal en la causa N° 13/84" (in Spanish). Federal House Resolution in case No. 13/84. http://www.desaparecidos.org/nuncamas/web/juicios/argentin/capital/varios/indulto_20070425.htm.
- Auto de procesamiento de militares argentinos, Juzgado Central de Instrucción Nº 5 de ESpaña, 29 de diciembre de 1997
- Argentina al rojo vivo tras la decisión del presidente Kirchner de habilitar la extradición de militares acusados de violaciones a los derechos humanos, El Espectador, 27 July 2003
- Corte Suprema española ordenó pedir extradición de militares argentinos, 22 July 2005
- Harding, Colin (16 January 2008). "Obituary: Rear-Admiral Jorge Anaya: Argentine naval commander". The Independent. Independent News and Media Limited. http://news.independent.co.uk/people/obituaries/article3342159.ece. Retrieved 2008-01-17. [dead link]
Sources[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- "La Corte, contra un pedido de Graffigna y Lami Dozo" Clarín, 13 April 2006
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