|José Inés García Chávez|
|File:File:Jose Ines García Chavez and his staff.png|
|Jose Ines García Chavez and his staff|
|Leader of The Painted Leopards|
|Born||19 April 1889|
|Died||1919 (29 years old)|
|Nickname(s)||The Attila of Michoacán, Jalisco and Guanajuato|
|Allegiance||Mexico (antireeleccionista revolutionary forces)|
|Commands||The Painted Leopards|
José Inés García Chávez (Inés Chávez García) was a Mexican military man and bandit who participated in the Mexican Revolution.
Early life[edit | edit source]
He was born in Godino, Michoacán, on April 19, 1889. He was the son of Anacleto García and Bartola Chávez.
Career[edit | edit source]
He was a cameraman in the Porfiriato (The period that General Porfirio Díaz ruled Mexico as president) and thus fought Santana Rodríguez Palafox in Veracruz. He was part of the group that rose against Victoriano Huerta under Anastasio Pantoja, but when the Carrancistas shot at him, Chávez rose up in arms and joined the Villista Army. He operated in the Abajoña of Michoacán and the States of Jalisco and Guanajuato, recruiting thousands of soldiers.
His fighting style was one of a guerrilla or bandit and his greatest success reached came in 1917. His army was feared in all regions of Michoacán, Jalisco and Guanajuato, for its brutality, especially towards women and children. Between 1915 and 1918, Inés Chávez, torched the towns of Apatzingán, Paracho, Cotija and Degollado, known as "The Attila of Michoacán, Jalisco and Guanajuato", to the control of its army, known as "The Painted Leopards".
Death[edit | edit source]
Chávez's death is murky. Some sources claim that he died on January 8, 1918 during the Battle of Huandacareo after assaulting several towns. Another version is that he died Other sources say he died of Spanish Influenza on during the Presidency of Purepero Michoacan, on November 11, 1918 at 5:30 pm.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Mexico Es Cultura (2019). "November 13, 1918: Rebel José Inés Chávez García Dies". mexicoescultura.com. https://www.mexicoescultura.com/actividad/204803/en/november-13-1918-rebel-jose-ines-chavez-garcia-dies.html. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Purnell, Jennie (1999). Popular Movements and State Formation in Revolutionary Mexico: The Agraristas and Cristeros of Michoacán. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822323143. - Total pages: 271
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