|Born||3 May 1914|
|Died||21 October 1998(aged 84)|
|Place of birth||Mannebach, Vulkaneifel|
|Place of death||Monreal|
|Years of service||1935–1945|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Josef Bremm (3 May 1914 – 21 October 1998) was a German Officer, serving during World War II. He is noted for being the last recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Career[edit | edit source]
Josef Bremm was born in Mannebach, Vulkaneifel on 3 May 1914. He joined the military service in the Wehrmacht in 1935 and spent two years as a Unteroffizier (sergeant) in Infanterie-Regiment 7 (7th infantry regiment) before he was discharged as an Unteroffizier in the military reserve. He was promoted to Leutnant of the reserves in 1938 and was listed with Infanterie-Regiment 425 (425th infantry regiment).
Awards[edit | edit source]
- Infantry Assault Badge in Silver
- Wound Badge in Gold
- Tank Destruction Badge for Individual Combatants
- Close Combat Clasp in Bronze (July 1943)
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Knight's Cross on 18 February 1942 as Leutnant of the reserves and chief of the 5./Infanterie-Regiment 426
- 165th Oak Leaves on 23 December 1942 as Oberleutnant of the reserves and chief of the 5./Grenadier-Regiment 426
- 159th Swords on 9 May 1945 as Oberstleutnant and commander of Grenadier-Regiment 990[Notes 1]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Josef Bremm's nomination by the troop was rejected by Major Joachim Domaschk on 30 April 1945 and instead recommended for the German Cross in Gold. Just like all other nominations, which at this point in time were related to members of the 11. Armee, the nomination was not further processed since the 11. Armee had capitulated on 21 April 1945 and presentations to prisoners of war or missing in action were prohibited. In all other instances of similar circumstances a note on the nomination can be found stating: "postpone AOK 11" or "postpone according to AHA 44 Ziff. 572". The entry date noted on the nomination list for the higher grades of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross is 28 April 1945. The list indicates a note "deferred". The Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) claims that the award was presented in accordance with the Dönitz-decree. This is illegal according to the Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and lacks legal justification. The sequential number "159" was assigned by the AKCR. The presentation date was assigned by Walther-Peer Fellgiebel. Bremm was member of the AKCR.
References[edit | edit source]
- Berger 2000, p. 48.
- Thomas 1997, p. 80.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 144.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 64.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 49.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 123.
- Berger, Florian (2000). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges (in German). Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 3-7648-2299-6.
[edit | edit source]
- "Lexikon der Wehrmacht". Josef Bremm. http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Personenregister/B/BremmJ.htm. Retrieved 19 October 2007.
- "Ritterkreuzträger 1939-45". Josef Bremm. Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080105052917/http://www.ritterkreuztraeger-1939-45.de/Infanterie/B/Bremm-Josef.htm. Retrieved 19 October 2007.
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