|Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg|
|Duke of Saxe-Altenburg|
|Born||27 August 1789|
|Died||25 November 1868 (aged 79)|
|Spouse(s)||Amelia of Württemberg|
Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (27 August 1789 in Hildburghausen – 25 November 1868 in Altenburg), was a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
He was the second but first surviving son of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (of Saxe-Altenburg from 1826) and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joseph succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg after his death in 1834.
In 1814, he and his brother George fought with the allies against France in the Napoleonic Wars. Later he was a General Major in Saxon services.
He implemented several buildings in Altenburg, but his government was considered conservative and resistant to reform; for this, he was forced to abdicate during the civil revolution of 1848.
In Kirchheim unter Teck on 24 April 1817 Joseph married Amelia of Württemberg, a daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg. They had six daughters:
- Marie (b. Hildburghausen, 14 April 1818 – d. Gmunden, 9 January 1907), married on 18 February 1843 to King George V of Hanover.
- Pauline (b. Kirchheim unter Teck, 24 November 1819 – d. Hildburghausen, 11 January 1825).
- Therese (b. Hildburghausen, 9 October 1823 – d. Altenburg, 3 April 1915).
- Elisabeth (b. Hildburghausen, 26 March 1826 – d. Oldenburg, 2 February 1896), married on 10 February 1852 to Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
- Alexandra [upon her marriage, she took the name Alexandra Iosifovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism] (b. Altenburg, 8 July 1830 – d. St. Petersburg, 6 July 1911), married on 11 September 1848 to Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia.
- Luise (b. Altenburg, 4 June 1832 – d. Hummelshain, 29 August 1833).
- Le livre d'or de l'ordre de Léopold et de la croix de fer, Volume 1 /Ferdinand Veldekens
|Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
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