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Joseph
Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Preceded by Frederick
Succeeded by George
Personal details
Born (1789-08-27)27 August 1789
Hildburghausen, Saxe-Altenburg
Died 25 November 1868(1868-11-25) (aged 79)
Altenburg, Saxe-Altenburg
Spouse(s) Amelia of Württemberg
Religion Lutheranism

Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (27 August 1789 in Hildburghausen – 25 November 1868 in Altenburg), was a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

He was the second but first surviving son of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (of Saxe-Altenburg from 1826) and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joseph succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg after his death in 1834.

In 1814, he and his brother George fought with the allies against France in the Napoleonic Wars. Later he was a General Major in Saxon services.

He implemented several buildings in Altenburg, but his government was considered conservative and resistant to reform; for this, he was forced to abdicate during the civil revolution of 1848.

In Kirchheim unter Teck on 24 April 1817 Joseph married Amelia of Württemberg, a daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg. They had six daughters:

  • Marie (b. Hildburghausen, 14 April 1818 – d. Gmunden, 9 January 1907), married on 18 February 1843 to King George V of Hanover.
  • Pauline (b. Kirchheim unter Teck, 24 November 1819 – d. Hildburghausen, 11 January 1825).
  • Therese (b. Hildburghausen, 9 October 1823 – d. Altenburg, 3 April 1915).
  • Elisabeth (b. Hildburghausen, 26 March 1826 – d. Oldenburg, 2 February 1896), married on 10 February 1852 to Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
  • Alexandra [upon her marriage, she took the name Alexandra Iosifovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism] (b. Altenburg, 8 July 1830 – d. St. Petersburg, 6 July 1911), married on 11 September 1848 to Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia.
  • Luise (b. Altenburg, 4 June 1832 – d. Hummelshain, 29 August 1833).

Honours[]

Ancestry[]

References[]

  1. Le livre d'or de l'ordre de Léopold et de la croix de fer, Volume 1 /Ferdinand Veldekens
Preceded by
Frederick
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
1834–1848
Succeeded by
Georg

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