|Joseph J. Clark|
Admiral Joseph J. Clark
|Born||November 12, 1893|
|Died||July 13, 1971(aged 77)|
|Place of birth||Chelsea, Oklahoma|
|Place of death||St. Albans, New York|
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1917-1953|
Task Group 58.1/38.1
Fast Carrier Task Force (TF 77)
World War I|
World War II
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Admiral Joseph James "Jocko" Clark, USN (November 12, 1893 – July 13, 1971) was an admiral in the United States Navy, who commanded aircraft carriers during World War II. Born and raised in Oklahoma and a native of the Cherokee Nation, he was the first Native American to graduate from the United States Naval Academy, in 1917.
[edit | edit source]
Clark's nickname, "Jocko", originated at the Naval Academy: on one of his first days there, he was standing in ranks when a classmate called out "The Right Reverend J. Jonathan Jockey Clark!"
Commands[edit | edit source]
During World War II, Clark commanded the carriers Suwannee (ACV-27) and Yorktown (CV-10). He was known as an aggressive commander, ready to take his group into battle. In 1944 he was promoted to Rear Admiral and given command of Task Group 58.1 and served under the commands of Admiral Mitscher of the Fast Carrier Task Force, and Admiral Spruance, commander, Fifth Fleet. He commanded Task Group 58.1 in the Marianas campaign, and on multiple occasions his group was sent north to interdict Japanese aircraft being shuttled down from Japan. His air groups conducted attacks on shuttle points Chichi and Iwo Jima so often that sailors of the Fast Carrier Task Force nicknamed them the "Jocko Jimas". He operated his task group in conjunction with the rest of Task Force 58 in the Battle of the Philippine Sea. His flagship was the carrier Hornet (CV-12). On the second day of the battle, with his planes returning after sundown, Clark ordered his ships to light up, allowing most planes to land safely.
Recognition[edit | edit source]
Clark retired on December 1, 1953 with the rank of Admiral. His awards included the Navy Cross, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, the Navy Commendation Medal and the Korean Order of Military Merit. Admiral Clark died on July 13, 1971 at St. Albans, New York. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Namesake[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/C/CL004.html
- Clark G Reynolds The Fighting Lady: The New Yorktown in the Pacific War. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Co., 1986. ISBN 0-933126-78-6.
- Potter p. 144
- Potter p. 179
- Potter p. 168
- "December 2006: Review of his biography of Adm Clark", International Journal of Naval History. Retrieved January 29, 2008.
- "Oklahoma Hall of Fame". http://www.oklahomaheritage.com/HallofFame/ByName/tabid/89/Default.aspx. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Carrier admiral by J. J. Clark (1893–1971) with Clark G. Reynolds. (1967)
- On the warpath in the Pacific: Admiral Jocko Clark and the fast carriers, by Clark G. Reynolds (2005)
[edit | edit source]
- Rear Admiral J.J. Jocko Clark - Biography from JackLummus.com
- Joseph James Jocko Clark, Admiral, United States Navy - From ArlingtonCemetery.net
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Clark, Joseph J.
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