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Ju 352
Role Transport
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Junkers
First flight 18 August 1943
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built 50 [1]
Developed from Junkers Ju 252

The Junkers Ju 352 Herkules was a German World War II transport aircraft that was developed from the Junkers Ju 252.[2]

Design and developmentEdit

During the late spring of 1942, the Junkers-Dessau project office was instructed by the Reich Air Ministry (RLM) to investigate the possibility of redesigning the structure of the Junkers Ju 252 transport to make maximum use of non-strategic materials,[3] replacing the Junkers Jumo 211F engines of the Ju 252 with Bramo 323R radial engines.[3] The result followed closely the aerodynamic design of the Ju 252 but was an entirely new aircraft. The wing of the Ju 352 was similar in outline to that of the Ju 252 but, mounted further aft on the fuselage, was entirely of wooden construction. The Ju 352 also had a similar Trapoklappe (rear loading ramp) to that of the Ju 252. The ramp allowed the loading of vehicles or freight into the cargo hold while holding the fuselage level.[2]

In general, the Ju 352 was considered a major improvement over the original Junkers Ju 52 but noticeably inferior to the Junkers Ju 252.[4] Deliveries of the Ju 352 had only just begun to get into their stride when, during the summer of 1944, the worsening war situation resulted in the decision to abandon the further production of transport aircraft, and in September the last two Ju 352A's rolled off the assembly line, 10 pre-production Ju 352's and 33 production Ju 352's having been manufactured.[4] Several developments of the basic design were proposed before production was halted, these including the Ju 352B with more powerful engines and increased defensive armament.

OperatorsEdit

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg USSR
  • One Letov-built aircraft was presented to the Soviet Union in 1946.

Specifications (Ju 352A)Edit

Data from [3]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 3-4
  • Length: 24.60 m (80 ft 8½ in)
  • Wingspan: 34.20 m (112 ft 2¾ in)
  • Height: 5.74 m (18 ft 10¼ in)
  • Wing area: 128.20 m² (1,379.90 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 12,500 kg (27,561 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 19,600 kg (43,216 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × BMW Bramo 323 R-2 Fafnir 9-cylinder radial engine, 735.5 kW, (986 hp,)1,000 PS 883 kW (1,200 PS, 1,184 hp) with MW-50 each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 370 km/h (230 mph) at 5,050 m (16,565 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 241 km/h (150 mph)
  • Range: 1,800 km (1,120 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 6,000 m (19,685 ft)</ul>Armament
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See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 43 by Junkers at Fritzlar and seven in Czechoslavakia by Letov
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kay, Antony L. & J.R. Smith. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London: Putnam, 2002. 220.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kay, Antonty L. & Paul Couper. Junkers Aircraft and Engines, 1913-1945. London: Putnam, 2004. 229.
  4. 4.0 4.1 LePage, Jean-Denis G.G. Aircraft of the Luftwaffe 1935-1945: An Illustrated History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2009. 341.

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